The Great War Part 239, March 15th 1919

fiv .) £ ft)e World Registered. A WEEKLY REVIEW SUPPLEMENT TO “ THE GREAT WAR," PART 239. R.A.F. Casualties The casualties in the Royal Air Force from April 1st, 1918 (the date of the fusion of the R.N.A.S. and the R.F.C.). to November 11th, 1918 (the date of the signing of the armistice), have already been announced. These figures are recapitulated as follows ! Other Officers. Ranks. Total. K i l l e d ...........................1,551 . . 1,129 .. 2,680 Wounded .................. ...2,357 . . 631 . . 2,988 Missing (including Pri- soners) .................. ...1,612 .. 225 . . 1,837 Interned .................. 46 39 84 The aggregate of these casualties is 7,589, and it is this total which has to be added to the naval and military casualties already published by the Admiralty and War Office in order to get the com ­ plete war casualties. The R .N .A .S. casualties and R.F.C. casualties to March 31st, 1918, are included in the totals published by the Admiralty and War Office. The casualties in the Flying Services (including all officers and other ranks) for the whole period of the war, both before and since the amalgamation of the R .N.A.S. and the R.F.C., are as follows : Other Officers. Banks. Total. K i l l e d ........................... 4,579 . . 1,587 . . 6,166 Wounded .................. 5,369 . . 1,876 . 7,245 Missing (including P ri­ soners) .................. 2,794 .. 334 . . 3,128 Interned .................. 45 39 84 T o ta l................... 12,787 .. 3,836 .16,623 The estim ate of the South African casualties in the war, comprising those in the rebellion, in East, W est, and Central Africa, and oversea, gives 6,800 killed, of whom 4,630 were killed in Europe, and 11,500 wounded and gassed. Of 1,800 casualties in E ast Africa 1,200 were due to disease. According to a Kieff telegram, the W hite Russia Soviet Government has proclaimed W hite Russia (Smolensk and Minsk district) a part of the Russian Soviet Republic. Historic Cartoons of the Great War G IV IN G H IM R O P E ? G e rm an C rim in a l (to Allied Police) 4 4 H e re, I sa y , sto p 1 Y o u 're h u r tin g m e 1 If I o n ly w h in e enough I m ay be ab le to w rig g le ou t of th is y e t.” (R eproduced fro m “ P u n c h ,” F eb ru a ry 19, 1919, by p erm issio n o f the P ro p rieto rs.) [Aside] GERMANY’S GUILT British Official History of Events Leading Up to War The m ost complete history which has y e t ap­ peared of the events leading up to the declaration of war is contained in a remarkable book, “ The Outbreak of the War of 1914-1918,” written for the Foreign Office by Professor Oman, Professor of History at Oxford. It is published by the Stationery Office, price 2s. 6d. Professor Oman had at his disposal Viscount Grey’s correspondence with the British Ambassadors in Paris, Berlin, Vienna, and Pctrograd, and per­ sonal access to those Ambassadors. H e thus secured much unpublished information. The book starts with the im mediate cause of the war, the assassination of the Archduke Francis Ferdinand. Professor Oman has been unable to find evidence to connect Germany with instigation of the crime, but he is also satisfied that the Serbian society, the Narodna Odbrana, accused by Austria of having instigated it, had nothing to do with it. The crime, lie believes, was a purely fortuitous circumstance, and if the Archduke had not been assassinated, the writer says, the war would have come about through some other pretext at some other time. Regarding the much-discussed 4 1 Potsdam Council,” held by the ex-Kaiser on July 5th, 1914, at which the decision to make war is said to have been taken, Professor Oman believes it was not a formal Council, but undoubtedly the ex-Kaiser and General Staff officers wero present, and the Council was of a decisive nature. Prince Lichnowsky is given a character for honesty during the negotiations in London before tho outbreak, and is described as the innocent tool of his Government. The incident of the special edition of the Berlin “ Lokal-Anzieger,” issued at luncheon tim e on July 30th with the announcement of general mobilisa­ tion, and afterwards withdrawn on the ground that the statem ent was untrue is discussed. Professor Oman believes that neither the Chancellor nor the German Foreign Office was concerned in this trick to provoke Russia into ordering general mobilisa­ tion before Germany did, and that the “ fake ” edition was the work of a few German militarists resolved to force the hand of the diplomats. Among many documents exam ined is the m ys­ terious message published in a London evening paper on August 1st, 1914, purporting to have been sent on July 30th by Bethmann - Hollweg, the Chancellor, to the German Ambassador in Vienna. This message ran : We cannot expect Austria to nogotiate with Serbia, with which she is in a state of war. The refusal, however, to negotiate with St. Petersburg would be a grave mistake. W e are indeed ready to fulfil our duty. As an ally, however, wo must refuse to bo drawn into a world conflagration through Austria-Hungary not respecting our advice. Your Excellency will express this to Count Berchtold with all emphasis and great seriousness. Professor Oman points out that this document, the only one which shows any German attem pt to moderate Austria’s attitude, was published in London the day after it was written. It did not. appear in the Austrian Red Book or the German W hite Book, and was never heard of again until resurrected by the Chancellor Michaelis in the Reichstag in July, 1917. The tenor of the message is such that it looks like a fabrication prepared by the German Embassy in London to hoodwink British public opinion, and it may be noted that Iviihlmann, the notorious intriguer of tho German Embassy in London .when war broke out, was German Foreign Minister when Michaelis referred to this tolegram. Professor Oman gives the lie to German attem pts to fasten on the French the responsibility for be­ ginning the war, such as the story in the German Press that French officers disguised as Germans had motored into the Rhine Province from Holland. Germany desired a plausible motive for invading Belgium through Holland if the attack on Lifege failed, and invented this particular lie. Sir Arthur Pearson, the founder of St. Dunstan’s Hospital for Blinded Soldiers, who has been lecturing in the U nited States on the care and education of blinded soldiers, has returned to London. P rin te d and published every M onday by th e P ro p rieto rs, The amalgamated P r es s, L t d ., T he F leetw ay H ouse, F arrin g d o n S t.. L o n d o n , E.C. 4. A dvertisem ent O ffices: The F leetw ay House, F arrin g d o n S t., London, E.C. 4. R egistered for transm ission by C anadian M agazine P o st. S ubscription r a t e s : In la n d , lOd. per copy. A broad (excep t,S o u th A frica, A ustralasia, and C anada), BJd. per copy.. C anada only, 9d. per copy. Sole ag e n ts fo r S outh A frica, T he C en tral News A gency, L td . Sole a g e n ts fo r A u stralia a n d . New Z ealand, M essrs. G ordon & G otch, L t d .; and for C anada, T he Im perial News Co., L td. Sold in C a lc u tta by Tilt1 S tan d a rd L ite ra tu re Co., 13/1, Old C o u rt H ouse S t. S at. M arch 16th, 1919. V
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