The Great War Part 237, March 1st 1919

A WEEKLY REVIEW SUPPLEMENT TO “THE "GREAT WAR PART 237. Historic Cartoons of the Great War THE TRAITOR .(Reproduced from “Punch .”October 21918 by permission o f the Proprietors.) Reffistem t. Crimes in the War The Inter-A llied Commission on Breaches of the Laws of War assembled on February 3rd a t the Ministry of the Interior in Paris a t which were representatives of the Great Powers together with representatives of Belgium Serbia Rumania, Greece and Poland. Mr. Lansing U.S.A. was appointed president, Sir Gordon Hew art his M ajestys A ttorney-G eneral, and Senator Scialoja were appointed viee-presidents, and deM. Lapradelle was nominated secretary. Mr. Lansing in outlining what he conceived to bethe task of the Commission suggested th a towing to the great mass of work to begot through it was indispensable to appoint a number of sub­committees whereupon three sub-committees were appointed—one to investigate questions of fact and the two others questions of law. A nominating committee consisting of Mr. Massey (New Zealand) M.T ardieu (France) and M.P olitis (Greece) was appointed to constitute these sub-committees and to prepare the appro­priate terms of reference. Damage estimated a t 10000000 marks (nominally 500000) was caused in Berlin by the street infighting “Spartacus week.” The insurance companies refuse to pay compensation and refer claimants to the municipal authorities. The municipality how­ever has repudiated responsibility. Printed and published b they a glam a mated P hess Limited The Fleetway House Farrlngdon Street London E.C. 4. Published by Gordon& Gotch in Australia and New Zealand by The Central News Agency Ltd. in South Africa by the Standard Literature Co 13/1 Old CourtHouse Street, Calcutta and the Imperial News Co. Toronto and Montreal in Canada. Island lOd. per copy post free. Abroad Djd. per copy post free. Canada 9d. per copy post free. Y 3000000 Soldier Students Lord Gorell Deputy Director of Army Staff Duties recently gave interesting particulars of educational work among the troops. There were he said a t least 3000000 students in the Army to-day. For four and a half years the men had been turned away from everything mental, but their new associations had opened u p their minds in an almost incredible way. Before the armistice education was given to the men as a diversion from the terrors of war. Since the armistice it had given the men some­thing to do and they had been enabled to help the men for what they had to do in the future f twas not education in the ordinary sense but education with a definite view to resettlement and, except for the young soldiers the whole work was voluntary. Recently 72000 books had been sent to France, and the men were still clam ouring for more. The vast majority of th3 men went in for technical subjects but the subjects were almost as numerous as tjie professions. Last June alone they were asked for 57 subjects. But the most amusing thing concerns a Scottish division. In the midst of tho heaviest infighting April they suddenly started a lecture course which included psychology Scottish wit and hum our, and art !Mr. Churchill at the Front Lord C avan in a recent speech told a story of the time when Mr. Churchill was serving in the trenches. “The ”Comm ander-in-Cliief he said “sent him tome in order that I might report whether the present Secretary of State for War was fit to com­m and a brigade in the field. I attached him to a battalion of m y own regiment tho Grenadier Guards. “In a month the colonel reported tome th a the (Mr. Churchill) was avery brave and very gallant officer and that with a little more inexperience command of a battalion he would be perfectly fit to command a brigade.” TURKEYS ENTRY INTO THE WAR Documents Revealing the Part Played by Goeben and Breslau There appeared recently in the Paris“ P e tit P arisien ”some hitherto unpublished documents dealing with the role played in Turkeys entry into the war by the Goeben and Breslau. Admiral Souchon the German admiral who was in command of them and who was appointed Comm ander-in-Chief of the Imperial Fleet on Sep­tember 14th 1914 telegraphed toD jem al Pasha, the Turkish Minister of Marine to say th a the in­tended to sail for the Black Sea on the 16th. D jem al Pasha a t once replied that this step would be inopportune as such a decision was in the province of the Council of Ministers only. On October 12th Admiral Souchon announced his start for the Black Sea on the pretext of gun practice, in accordance with instructions given on Septem­ber 27th and October 4th. D jem al Pasha immediately telegraphed that these instructions wore cancelled and that the fleet must return b u ton October 27th an understanding was arrived a t and Admiral Souchon reported that gun practice was in progress, and this time no counter-orders were issued. On November 11th. a telegram from the admiral explained the nature of the gun practice. “The ”Russian Fleet he declared has interfered with tho gun practice of the Turkish Fleet and has begun hostilities.” Souchon sank the Russian ship X erich on the pretext that she was about to lay amines t the entrance to the Bosphorus and the Turkish vessel Y aouz bombarded Sebastopol. Admiral Souchon relates various other exploits of his fleet and remarks :In order to cope with all eventualities British workmen and engineers will no longer be admitted to the docks. Turkish officers will be entrusted with the management of factories. Constantinople must be reinforced with patrols in order to prevent any disorder and an official report must be issued. In any case a declaration must be made to the effect that the responsibility for the commencement of hostilities lies with the Russians and to-morrow we must send a note of protest to the Great Powers. These remarks were addressed toE n v er Pasha. On October 24th D jem al Pasha had ordered the crews of the Turkish vessels to obey Admiral Souchon in all circumstances without reservation. On the other hand the captain of tho Ham idieh stated before the Council of War th a the had received the following order from Admiral Souchon :“You will arrive in front of K epe to-morrow morn­ing which you will bombard. The time has come to avenge your forefathers.” This officer adds th a the carried out tho order received. The fact is thus conclusively established (says the“ P e tit P arisien ”)that Germany was even then organising Turkey for war.
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