The Great War Part 233, February 1st 1919

f j b e W o r l d T o - d a y i f J p ' Registered. A W E E K L Y R E V I E W S U P P L E M E N T TO “ T H E G R E A T W A R ," P A R T 233. Italy’s Losses Ita ly ’s Suprem e A rm y Com m and announces th at the to tal losses suffered b y the Italian A rm y on all fronts during the w ar were as follows : Officers. M en. K i l l e d ............................... 16,362 443,638 W ounded ...................... 33,347 913,643 T o tal ...................... 49,709 1,357,281 On fronts other than the Italian the losses were : killed, 7,934 ; wounded, 15, 19( > . It is estim ated th a t the num ber of m en to tally or p artially disabled owing to wounds or illness contracted a t the front exceeds half a million. These figures (says tho A rm y C om m and) prove th e g reatn ess of th e sacrifices in blood borne w ith virile firm ness of soul an d sp irit by o u r poople, and are th e m o st effoctive illu stratio n of th e e x te n t a n d im p o rtan ce of tho m ilitary aid givon b y I ta ly in th e G re a t W a r fo r th e lib era tio n of th e w orld from A u stro -G erm an despotism . Soldiers’ Artificial Arms A n A rm y Council instruction states th at, in order to enhance the possibility of a soldier who has been supplied w ith an artificial arm obtaining rem unerative em ploym ent on returning to civil life, in future all soldiers who h ave lost an arm shall recoivo one m onth’s training in the use of their artificial arm before being discharged from the Service. The training w ill be given in the w orkshops of one of tho recognised special m ilitary surgical hospitals. A s soon as a soldier has been satisfactorily fitted w ith an artificial arm he will be transferred w ith all necessary docum ents to one of the m ilitary surgical hospitals. Pensioners who h ave lost an arm and who h ave been discharged from th e Service w ith o ut havin g received adequate instruction in the use of their artificial arm m ay receive such instruction u p to a m axim um period of one m onth in the w orkshops of an y special m ilitary surgical hospital. Queen’s Message to Women of India W e h ave alread y given Queen M ary’s stirring messages to the troops and the women of the Em pire. B elow will do found the m essage H er M ajesty recently sent to the women of I n d ia : B u c k i n g h a m P a l a c e , J a n u a r y 1s t . A sh o rt tim e ago I s en t a m essage of th an k fu ln ess a n d hope to th e w om en of th e E m pire. 1 wish now to ad d to it a special m essage to th e w om en of India. If m y w ords are brief an d sim ple, th e y are from th e h eart. I know th a t by th o cu sto m of th e ir c o u n try and th e tim e-honoured tra d itio n s b y w hich th e y are re v ere n tly b ound, th e w om en of In d ia aro fo r th e m o st p a rt p rev en ted from u n d e rtak in g those public and in d u stria l task s w hich th e ir sisters in o th e r p a rts of th e E m pire, w hen th e m an-pow er of th e c o u n try w ent fo rth in its defence, w ere able to discharge. In tho seclusion and so litu d e of th e ir hom es th e w om en of In d ia h ave h ad to b e ar th e b ittern ess of p artin g s, to suffer b ereav em en t an d p riv a tio n , to live th ro u g h days an d m o n th s of d o u b t ancj a n x iety , in ignorance of th e fo rtu n es of th e w ar an d w ith o u t tidings of th e ir a b se n t ones. R ep o rts h ave reached m e from m a n y sources of th e ir fo rtitu d e an d en d u ran ce d u rin g th e s tra in of th e w ar, w hich h ave filled m e w ith ad m iratio n a n d g ratitu d e. M any h ave done m ore th a n th is. I h av e h eard of le tte rs from In d ia n w om en to h u sb an d s, sons, and b ro th ers w ith tho forces a b ro ad , e x h o rtin g th e m to be b rav e in b a ttle , sto u t-h e a rte d in ad v e rsity , faith fu l to th e ir c o u n try an d th e th ro n e to th e p o in t of d eath . T he h isto ry of In d ia is fu ll of th e heroism a n d courage of its w om en in tho p a st. T h e w a r has show n th a t th e ir sp irit is u n a b ate d . T h e w om en of In d ia are eq ually n o te d fo r th e ir c h a rity a n d com passion. I know how deeply th e y have been m oved b y th e desolation w hich th e w ar lias b ro u g h t in to m an y households, an d how re ad y th e y h av e been to pro v id e relief for th e sick an d w ounded, a n d to lig h ten th e p riv atio n s of th e ir poorer neighbours-. I rejoice to th in k th a t m an y influences aro a t w ork w hich m ake for th e g reater w ell-being an d ad v an ce m en t of th e w om en of In d ia. I w atch w ith tho deepest in terest an d s y m p ath y ev ery s te p th a t is ta k e n to bring th e m eans of ed u catio n a n d know ­ ledge m ore w ith in th e ir reach, to pro v id e g re ater facilities for th e ir o b tain in g p ro p e r m edical relief th ro u g h th e agency of th e ir ow n sex in w om en’s hospitals, or in €he p riv a cy of th e ir ow n hom es, to w iden th e ir in terests an d activ ities, a n d to secure to th em th e a d eq u a te p ro te c tio n of th e law. I wish w ith all m y h e a rt th a t ev ery success m ay crow n th ese efforts. Fishermen in the War Mr. R . E . Prothero, President of the B oard of Agriculture and Fisheries, has addressed a letter to tho fishermen of E ngland and W ales in regard to their w ar services, in the course of w hich he states : As y et, p erh ap s, th e c o u n try scarcely know s th e greatness of th e d e b t w hich it owes b o th to- those of you w ho h ave served in th e A uxiliary P a tro l an d th e N avy p roper, an d to those oth ers of you w ho, n o t being ca^ed upon for a ctiv e service, have continued to fish and su p p ly th e co u n try w ith food. B u t w hen tho h isto ry of tho w ar com es to be fully w ritten , I hope th a t th e w ork of th e fisherm en will be given th e proper place. A ccording to Mr. Prothero, more than 3,000 steam fishing vessels have been requisitioned for service, and chiefly m anned b y fishermen. Their help has been invaluable. O f their gallant crews m any have lost their lives, suffered wounds or im prisonm ent. M any have been decorated b y the K in g for distinguished service. Besides those fishermen who helped to m an the A u x ilia ry Patrol, large num bers served in the N a v y proper, while others volunteered for the A rm y. N o industry contributed a larger percentage of its men to the fighting-forces. Those fisherm en who w ere n o t called upon to join th e fighting services, I urged to fish th e ir hardest. T hey havo done th e ir p a rt well. T horoughout th e w ar B ritish fishing vessels h ave landed each year in B ritish p o rts som e 460,000 tons of fish, 672 fishing vessels w ith a gross tonnage of 7,000 to n s have been lost th ro u g h enem y action. T hrough th e sam e cause 416 fisherm en havo lost th e ir lives while fishing, an d a n u m b er of oth ers havo been held prisoners by th e enem y. D angers of w ar d eterred you as little from fishing as did th e n a tu ra l dangers of th e sea. Historic Cartoons of the G reat W ar % O U R M AN* W ith M r. P unch's grateful com p lim en ts to Field^M arshal Sir D ouglas H aig. (Reproduced from “ Punch,” November 27th. 1918, by perm ission o f the Proprietors.) Printed and published by the A m algam ated P r e s s, L im it e d, The Fleetway House, Farringdon Street, London, E.C. 4. Published by Gordon & Gotch in A ustralia and New Zealand; by The Central News Agency, Ltd., in South A frica; by th e Standard Literature Co., 13/1, Old Court House Street, C alcutta; and the Imperial News Co., Toronto and M ontreal, in Canada. I nland, lOd. per copy, post free. Abroad, 9*d. per copy, post free. Canada, 9d. per copy, post free. Y
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