The Great War Part 233, February 1st 1919

ii.)( Registered. A WEEKLY REVIEW SUPPLEMENT TO “THE GREAT WAR "PART 233. History in the Making r R. MACHRAYS chapter on the German prisoners in Great Britain illustrated with some particularly interesting and convincing photographs is contained in this Iart of The Great War together with the beginning of Mr. Wrights detailed story of the Allies general inoffensive the west that cul­minated in their final triumph. While Mr. Wrights chapters were in the press Sir Douglas H aigs despatch dated December 21st 1918, has been made public containing his report of the operations of the forces under his command since the successful termination of the great defensive battles on the Somme and Lys Rivers. A further final despatch is in preparation telling the story of the British advance to the Rhine, and the occupation of the Cologne bridge-head. SIR DOUG LASH A IG S despatch is nothing less than a prose epic written in grandly simple language. “It is the proudest story that any British commander has ever had ”to tell said the “Times ”on the day of its .publication “and Sir Douglas Haig would be less than human if the telling did not quiver now and then with emotion. ...It is written severely and with restraint as a despatch should be and it is crammed with detail but here and there the rare adjective floating in a sea of verbs betrays the masculine emotion and the just pride which it is surely no sin to indulge once or twice in the national life.” Chiefly the Field-Marshal's pride is in the men whom it has been his honour to command and his glory to lead to victory. “We have ”been accustomed he says “to be proud of the great and noble traditions handed down to us by the soldiers of bygone days. The men who form the armies of the Empire to-day have created new traditions which are a challenge to the highest records of the past and will bean inspiration to the generations who come after us.” PITH Part 235 of this history will bo pre­sented a colour-plate portrait of General Sir Henry Sinclair Horne the brilliant commander of the British First Army another fine contribution to subscribers growing portrait gallery. For presentation with Part 237 a special plate is being prepared showing incorrect colours the ribbons of forty of the principal orders orosses and medals which have been and are being awarded to the most distinguished heroes of the war. A somewhat similar plate, showing thirty-six such ribbons was presented with No. 183 of “The ”War Illustrated in February 1918 and was so widely and generously acclaimed that the Editors are confident that subscribers to The Great War will welcome the plate being prepared for them. It includes the ribbons of the latest British decorations, the Order of the British Empire the Dis­tinguished Flying Cross and Medal and the Air Force Cross and Medal and other additions or substitutions are the ribbons of Belgian, Italian Serbian and Japanese Orders which are not commonly identified when seen on the breasts of the gallant men who have won them by supreme courage fortitude and ability. ^HE prevalent general ignorance of the identity of these ribbons is areal how­ever unintentional slight to their gallant wearers and the Editors trust that this new plate will contribute materially to its removal. Everyone recognises the ribbon of the Victoria Cross because it is embellished with a tiny miniature of the cross itself. Many people know the rather distinctive white and purple ribbon of the Military Cross and the also dis­tinctive red white and blue ribbon of the 1914 Mons Star. A few know the other red white, and blue ribbon of the Military Medal. THERE for the most part knowledge of the ribbons ends and therefor the most part people seem to be content that it should end. Yet deeds of equal courage, fortitude as inexhaustible leadership as fine, went to the winning of the green and yellow ribbon of the French Medaille Militairc the red and green ribbon of the Croix de Guerre of France and the crimson of her Legion of Honour, which are to be seen on the tunics of so many British warriors to-day and the Belgian Order of Leopold the Serbian Order of Karageorge, and certain other foreign Orders are highly and justly prized by their wearers who know with what jealous regard for the pure honour of the distinction the right to wear them is bestowed. It is due from us to these men that we should know the badges of their honours and pay them the respect that they deserve. PC. Heard at the Listening Post The recently published statement of the .Inter­ departmental Committee on Prisoners of War, describing the steps taken to trace missing men will bring much comfort to many anxious Search ones a t home. The committee states for the .that the enemy Governments will bo Missing required to account for every British prisoner of war who has a t any time been in their hands. Instructions have been sent to British representatives to make investigations a t camps mines asylum sand elsewhere in enemy countries and wherever prisoners may possibly be found. Further the battlefields have been searched b they staff of the D irector-G eneral of Graves Registration and Inquiries and though it is not always possible to identify a body found much information has been collected in this way. In other words no step will be omitted in tracing our gallant soldiers whose present fate is uncertain. *Sir Eric Geddes in a recent speech said the best, bravest and pluckiest section of the British Navy was the men of the 20th M ine-laying Flotilla. A s the German Navy would not outcome British in force our submarines and mine- Mine-laying laying boats had day after day and Flotilla night after night entered huge German mine-fields Hoff eligoland and blocked the channels through which some German boats left and returned. These trapped mines led to over one hundred German craft being caught during the first six months of 1918. On one occasion four of our m ine-layers were seen b y six German outpost boats. Our men passed through the mine­ field laid their mines and on their return journey, “mopped up ”the six German boats and captured the crews. The first German mutiny was caused by the enem ys men refusing to face the mines we laid just below the surface. *“The Airman ofT singtau ”—the book by Gunther Plueschow to which Mr. Robert M achray _ refers in his chapter dealing with the British treat­ment of German prisoners of war— is The well worth reading and it is to be Airman o f hoped that a translation of it will be Tsingtau published. The volume has as its sub-title “Ad ven tu resin Three- quarters of ”the Globe and these adventures for the most part of an exciting kind are narrated with much spirit. Incidentally the. book gives a picture of the siege of Tsingtau which will be quite fresh to British readers who while noting the German bias that characterises it will certainly relish the breezy vigour and dash with which it is painted. Plues- chows description of what happened to him in China is very interesting and throws some ligh tOn the attitude of the Chinese to the war but what will strike m'ost people in this country is the latter part of his narrative which presents in great detail his attempt to reach Germany from New York his arrest a t Gibraltar and his life in London after his escape from Donington Hall. As one reads his story it is impossible not to feel that Plueschow, German or not is a ”thorough “sportsman and that was the view of him taken a t the War Office— even after he had sent to General Belfield a copy of liis book “With his ”ironic compliments as Mr. M achray observes. *The following is his account of his final “get­ away .”The scene is laid some distance down the Thames on which he had got possession of a boat. “Sixteen hours was I obi iged A to remain lyin gin the grass till Daring 8 oclock that evening sounded the Escape hour of release. I got into m y boat and pushed off steering carefully. I let the incoming tide drive m e upstream. I reached a lighter and made fast to it. A t right anglep tome only 500 yards layaway the Princess Juliana moored to her buoy. I had time to spare, and I lay down at full length in the bottom of m y boat and tried in vain to take a nap. The tide rose high and soon the water was rushing noisily past me.At midnight all grew still and as the boat swung easy after slack I castoff sat down amid­ ships aft and rowed across to the steam eras coolly as though I were at a water-party in Kiel H arbour. I reached the warping buoy unobserved. The sharp, black stem of the ship towered above me high as a house. B y a great effort I hoisted myself on the buoy I kicked the boat off. Ila yon the buoy still as a mouse for several minutes then with mall y wits about me I swarmed up the steel hawser to the hawse-hole. Cautiously I put m heady over the rail and looked round Theme. forecastle was empty. One brief effort more and I was on deck !”*The war has increased the spirit of camaraderie among those who took part in it and various associations designed to keep alive the memorable days of collective service have already Comrades been formed. The very latest is the o f the Tanks Association which recently Tanks held its inaugural dinner and concert. It lias been formed to bring together, a t least once a year those who during the war were connected with Tanks those eligible for membership being members and ex-members of the Mechanical Warfare Department officers and ex-officers of the Tank Corps and of armoured cars and representa­tives of the firms engaged in the manufacture of Tanks and their components. Lieutenant-Colonel Sir A.G. Stern to whose initiative was largely due the Governments adoption of Tanks as an arm of the Services is president of the new society and the vice-presidents include among others Sir William T ritton M ajor-General Elies and Vice-A dm iral Moore. The aims of the association are philan­thropic as well as social. It is proposed to establish a scholarship in the engineering profession for the children of members. The executive committee for the moment seeks moreno than the maintenance of the spirit of comradeship engendered during the war. *Mr. M orgentliau who was American Ambassador a t Constantinople until January 1916 in his book. “Secrets of ”the Bosphorus gives many illuminat­ing examples of the Turks innate Turks and cruelty and callousness. “One day Victims T ala at Pasha made what was perhaps Insurance the most astonishing request he had ever heard. The New York Life Insurance Company and the Equitable Life of New York had for years done considerable business among the Armenians.‘ I wish T alaat said ‘that you would get the American life insurance companies to send in a complete list of their Armenian policyholders. They are practically all dead now and have left no heirs to collect the money. It of course all escheated to the State. The Government is the beneficiary now. Will you do so ?”The Turkish Govern­ment having massacred the Armenian nation. Calmly proposed to collect the insurance money of the victims for its own benefit. The World To-day is continued on page iii.
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