The Great War Part 229, January 4th 1919

(ii.) gistercd. A WEEKLY REVIEW SUPPLEMENT TO “THE GREAT WAR PART 229 History in the Making I N this P krt of The GrjS at War Mr. Robert Machray tells the story of events in the Balkans between the deposition of King Constantine in June 1917 to which date the narrative was brought in Chapter CLXXXIX. (Vol. 9) and September 30th 1918 when the signing of the armistice which completed the unconditional surrender of Bulgaria brought to an end the Allies military operations against that Power. MUS chapter will be followed by another from Mr. Machrays pen dealing with the conquest of Palestine and Syria and carrying on the chronicle of Sir Edmund Allenby’s 'military achievements from his glorious capture of Jerusalem in December 1917—the story of which formed the subject of Chapter CCXXVTI. (Vol. 11)—to his decisive defeat of the Turks which resulted in their signing an armistice which rrat Turkey like Bulgaria finally out of action. The narrative is both picturesque and thrilling, linking the present with the remotest past in a most impressive way and revealing the prospect of astonishing developments in the future. I t provides too a superlative instance of brilliant generalship patiently and unerringly carried out. Prom the time that General Allenby assumed the command no flaw marred the conductor imperilled the final success of this latest Crusade which already can be described in detail as a complete war within the war. I T is appropriate that these 'two chapters should appear in immediate juxtaposition, for they deal with two of the most im­portant of the military operations of the Allies which have sometimes been referred to as “side­shows.” A more just figure by which Mr. Lloyd George has described the Bulgarian armies in the Balkans and the Turkish armies in Palestine and Mesopotamia is “props ”which supported the dominant mass of Pan-Germanism. With the defeat of the informer Macedonia and of the latter in Palestine two of the props were knooked away from under the bulk of Prussian militarism. A third prop broke and fell away when these two were destroyed and the direct and early con­sequence was Germanys own collapse. Dramatic suddenness marked the collapse of Bulgaria. Suddenness as dramatic marked the fall of Turkey. Yet the fall of both Was the logical and natural result of the long-continued patient exertion of force against them and the judgment and faith of the men responsible for the continu­ance of the effort despite criticism and reproach, have been abundantly justified. The “side­shows ”were indeed worthwhile. In the light of their success it is enormously interesting to survey themas a whole. SUBSCRIBERS will be glad to receive the colour-plate portrait of General Pershing which is presented as a supplement this week. His conduct of the operations of the P irst American Army in the St. Mihiel salient was universally admitted to be faultless and has further increased the high reputation he had won already in other fields. General Pershing will certainly rank as one of the successful Generals of the Great War. Other portraits of eminent soldiers now preparing for early presentation to our subscribers are those of Field-Marshal Sir Douglas Haig and Sir Henry Sinclair Home the brilliant commander of the P irst British Army on the western front. In this series our subscribers are gradually accumulating a gallery of authentic portraits of perennial interest the value of which, as works of art is beyond question. N connection with the many appreciative letters we have received in reference to the photogravure pages which have so long been a popular feature of The Great War I think our subscribers will be interested in having their attention drawn to the very beautiful series of photogravures illustrating the last phase of the world-wide conflict which began in “The War Illustrated ”of December 14th. On four sup­plementary pages the most interesting pictures of the historic scenes being enacted in various parts of the world are reproduced weekly in the most finished style enormously enhancing the value of the popular little periodical with which they are given. Some very interesting develop­ments of that astonishingly successful pictorial publication are now in course of active prepara­tion and subscribers to The Great War should not fail to study the weekly numbers of “The ”War Illustrated in which particulars of these developments are being foreshadowed.? c .Heard at the Listening Post Interesting sidelights on the British Gallipoli campaign wore given in a recent issue of the “Times” by Mr. G. Ward Price in the form of an interview with General Liman von Sanders, German who commanded the German and Commander Turkish forces both at the Dar- on Gallipoli dandles and later in Palestine. The general fonnd the British “both a brave and chivalrous enemy.” General Liman von Sanders did not think the attack on the Straits by the Navy alone could ever have succeeded, owing to mines. If he had been the attacker he would have landed not at Cape Helles and Anzac, but on the coast of Asia Minor off Tenedos. With regard to the Suvla landing the general said he would have preferred to make it between Anzac and Cape Hclles where the peninsula is narrower and the Turks at Helles could have been attacked from the rear. *Mr. Lloyd George in a recent statement said that the Allies have accepted the principle that tho Central Powers must pay the cost of the war and announced that a Commission of Canadas experts was to be setup to report on War Bill the best method of exacting indemnity. In this connection it is interesting to note that Sir Thomas White Canadian Finance Minister has forwarded to Sir Robert Borden full particulars of the war expenditure of Canada and the annual pension burden resulting from the war in order that they maybe included in the Empire’s bill to Germany to be presented to the Peace Con­ference. The total war expenditure to November 30th is estimated at 1068000000(£213,600,000). the war outlay from that date until the army is demobilised will probably total 100000000 more. In addition Canada will have large claims for indirect damage as well as those arising out of raids of German submarines upon Canadian fishing vessels. *The cessation of hostilities robbed the general public of what would undoubtedly have been the most sensational and acceptable air news of the whole war. On “official authority ”Berlins it is stated that everything was ready Escape for a bombing attack on Berlin. Tho from date fixed was November 9th—Lord Bombing Mayors Show day— but it proved unfavourable and the flight was post­poned until Monday the 11th when it was too late !Everything had been prepared down to the detail of thermos flasks. Nineteen huge Handley Pages were prepared and the airmen chosen were the most experienced. Trial flights with bombs weighing 3500 lb. had been made. Another “escape ”of a different kind was that of Dundee from bombard­ment. An airman observed a large Gorman sub­marine lying at the bottom of tho river only a few miles from Dundee and his timely discovery led to the speedy arrival on the scene of sweepers and destroyers. The coup de grdce was given by the patrol-boat Jaecinth with a heavy depth charge. Thirteen bodies were later removed from the wreck. The airmail service embracing New York, Philadelphia and Washington to which reference was made in this column sometime ago having proved a great success the U.S. Post More Office Department is establishing an Aerial airmail service between New York Mails and Chicago. This route will be outlaid in three stages the first from New York to Bcllefonte in Pennsylvania a distance of 215 miles the second from Bellefonte to Cleve­land also a distance of 215 miles and the third from Cleveland to Chicago a distance of 320 miles, with emergency stations in between. The plan of operation during the winter months contemplates the aeroplanes leaving New York and Chicago at six oclock each morning with a capacity of about twenty thousand letters and making the trip, including all stops within ten hours. Mr. Lloyd George in a recent speech gave some dramatic particulars of the great crisis of March 21 st. A cable was sent to President Wilson telling him what the facts were and how it was Light essential that we should get American on March help at the speediest possible rate, Crisis inviting him to send 120000 infantry­men and machine-gunners per month to Europe and if he did that wo would do our best to help to carry them. On the following day came a telegram from President Wilson :“Send your ships across and we will send the 120000 men.” “Then I invited Sir Joseph Maclay the Shipping Controller to 10 Downing Street and said ‘Send every ship you can. They were all engaged inessential trades because we were cut downright to the bone. There was nothing that was not essential. We said ‘This is the time for taking risks. We ran risks with our food we ran risks with essential raw materials. We said ‘The thing to do is to get these men across at all hazard.’ America sent 1900000 men across and out of that number 1100000 were carried by the Br’tish Mercantile Marine.” A prophecy from the great speech Victor Hugo made at the National Assembly at Bordeaux at the moment of the signature of the Treaty of Frankfort is reproduced by Marcel Cachin in Victor the French journal“ LHumanite ”:H ugos Let tho kings reap what they have Prophecy sown. Goon princes !Mutilate slash, stab rob annex dismember !You are creating an intense hatred you are revolting tho conscience of mankind. One day the hour will strike for our tremendous revenge. Even now we can hear our triumphant futiire marching with giant strides into history. ...We shall see France recover herself wo shall see her regain Lorraine, regain Alsace and France will say:“ Ariso Con­tinental Federation ariso liberty in Europe !And now Germany wo have both done good service to each other :you have rid me of my Emperor and I have rid you of yours.” The work of reconstruction will betaken in hand at once. The task confronting the Government will be to buildup what war has destroyed. The health of the nation must be safe- Sinews o f guarded adequate housing accommo- Peace dation must be found and many social and industrial reforms carried through. All this means money and the State is inasmuch need of the sinews of peace as of the sinews of war. Therefore there must bono relaxation in investing in National War Bonds. The latter are the world’s best investment—safe yielding a return of five percent. and easy to negotiate should the owner desire to sell. Everyone buying a War Bond now is helping to build anew and. better world. The World To-day is continued on page iii.
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