Rcaisterei A WEEKLY REVIEW SUPPLEMENT TO “THE "GREAT WAR PART 213. From the Worlds Platforms Germany's Piomises When the time comes that Europe haa to consider round the council-table how to protect itself from a repetition of the outrages and abominations for which Germany has been responsible it will be impossible for European statesmen to forget that a German promise is no binding contract and that the peace of the world rests upon very frail foundations indeed if it rests on nothing more solid than a solemn pact with Germany. Mr. Balfour at Central Hall. Americas Policy America is becoming more and more the decisive military factor in the war. But even from a purely military point of view America’s policy cannot desire that England shall win the war outright. Americas interest lies in a compromise and so I regard Wilson with less suspicion than is usual. It also must not be forgotten that for America the world-war is a m&e expedition. America cannot be defeated on French soil, and for America and Germany there is no fron‘ .on which tactical victory will involve apolitical decision. An absolute victory for England would break the so-called Anglo-Saxon circle and sooner or later pro luce a struggle between America and England for the do nination of the world. With the inim it able cunning of the Oriental Japan awaits this Iasi issue of present history. M apr K ndresin “ Munchner Neueste Nachrichten." Estimate o f British Casualties The Germans know to a man our casualties. The United States fighting its public war has b'gun by boldly publishing the total number< f casualties. Now I am going to give my estimate of our -casualties. I hope Mr. Censor will see that I only use the word “estimate.” We are being rapidly deprived of freedom of speech in this country but I think wo are still allowed to estimate. I estimate that we have had 900000 killed. I estimate that last year our total casualties killed, wounded and missing were over 800000. I cannot see that any harm is done by discussing these figures. It certainly is a sufficient answer to the German propaganda in France to the German propaganda in almost every country that England will fight to the last Frenchman Italian Canadian, or American as maybe. Ijord Northcliffe at luncheon to Overseas Press. The Commonwealth o f Nations When peace is restored the place of Germany in the commonwealth of nations will be determined by the test established by President Wilson. If she abandons her old ways and her restless and aggressive policy if she ceases to use economic policy as a preparation for further war wo shall not be slow to recognise the change but the sacrifices for which this war has called are too great and too bitter to permit of our neglecting the President’s warning that a complete change of mind and purpose in her Government are the necessary preliminaries to her admission to participation in our economic partnership. Lord Robert Cecil in an interview. “PRINCES OF HELL PROF. KRAUSS, Gorman Inventor of Poison Gas. (Seepage ii.) MAJOR REDDEMANN. Inventor of the Flammenwerfer. Personalia of the War AVied Leaders in Siberia General Kikuzo Otani one of Japans most distinguished soldiers is the senior officer in the allied expedition to Siberia. In the Russo-Japanese War he commanded the 8th Division and was present at the Battles of Liaoyang and Mukden. Major-General WilliamS. Graves is in command of the American Expeditionary Force for Vladivostok. He was until recently Assistant-Chief of the Army General Staff. Brigadier-General J. II. Elm slev of the Royal Canadian Dragoons will command the Canadian contingent of the Allied Expeditionary Force. General Pershirgs Command The formation of the First American Army in Francois officially announced. General Pershing will take command and at the same time will remain Commander-in-Chief of the American Expeditionary Force. Admiral Thursby Vice-Admiral Sir Cecil Fiennes Thursby K.C.B., K.C.M.G. has succeeded Admiral Bethell a« Commander-in-Chief at Plymouth. Sir Cecil Thursby had been Admiral Commanding Coastguard and Reserves since August 26th 1917, and had previously held a command in the Mediterranean. Director o f Education at Salonika Dr. J. J. Findlay M.A. Professor of Education at Manchester University has accepted the invitation of the Y.M.C.A. Universities Committee to become its Director of Education in Salonika. To the work on the lines of communication in France which Sir Henry Hadow has undertaken for the committee will now be added similar service among the British troops in Italy. General von Boehn General von Boehn has been appointed commander of anew group of German armies formed by cutting down Prince Rupprechts command, the latter now only holding the front from the sea to a point east of Albert. General von Boehn distinguished himself in the Somme battles of 1916 and conducted the retreat in the spring of 1917. He commanded the Seventh German Army which the French drove off the Chemin des Dames in 1917. General Milne Lieut.-General Sir G. F. Milne K.C.B. D.S.O., British Commander-in-Chief at Salonika has been promoted to be Temporary General. Sir George Milne has been Chief Staff Officer, Headquarters Staff of the Second Army temporary Lieut.-General Commanding the Seventeenth Corps, Salonika Force and then Lieut.-General and Commander-in-Chief of the British forces in the Balkans. Prince Lichnowsky The President of the Prussian Upper House has been informed by the Prussian Minister of the Interior that the decision of the Upper House on July 12th declining to recognise that its member, Prince Lichnowsky had acted in accordance with the dignity of the Upper House has received the Royal assent. In consequence of this step Prince Lichnowsky will cease to abe member of the Prussian Upper House. THE SWORD OVER POTSDAM Why the Dream of World-Dominion ‘Must Come to Naught Dr. Norman Maclean makes a prophetic utterance in the “Scotsman.” “There are sometimes heard voices summoning the nation to repent of the fact that we are at war. These ”are however he writes “the voices of false prophets who do not see deep enough to realise that peace requires more frequently to be repented of than even war. Twenty years ago the Armenians were foully massacred but we kept the peace. That peace calls for a repentance deeper far than any war. In days of ease and prosperity the nation made an idol of peace but while our enemies spoke continuously of peace in public in secret they were smilingly sharpening their swords. “The prophets of peace forgot that the master word in the ethical vocabulary of humanity is not peace but righteousness. Peace is only the byproduct of righteousness and the peace that has not its roots in righteousness is only the scum on the surfacc of the foul and stagnant pool. “To keep the peace when the innocent are being massacred by brute force when the weak are overwhelmed by greed and lust that is damnation. “In the centuries to come when men will compute the greatest Christian deeds ever enacted by nations in their corporate capacity they will doubtless place two in the forefront—the freeing of the worlds slaves and the taking of the foremost place in the battlefront of this war by Britain in the defence of the right. “The pacifists forget that there are wild beasts yet loose in the world. The shepherd leads the flocks to the green pastures a man of peace but when the wolves come he must seize his weapons and fight. Let Heaven be praised that in these last years we have proved ourselves shepherds and not hirelings. “If anything be certain it is this that the world- devastating war sprang from the lust of world -dominion. There is no thought more encouraging to-day than the thought how the dream of world- conquest has always ended in misery. The Kaiser is only the last of many. Three hundred years before the Christian era Alexander the Great swept through the ancient world alike tornado but at the age of 32 he died at Bagdad and his opalescent dream of world-dominion burst alike bubble. Romo built up a world-empire so great that Cicero could write :‘Wherever you are remember you are equally within the power of the Emperor but the men who wielded that sceptre came almost all to a violent end and the Empire fell tottering to the earth. '(“Napoleon dominated the world with the dynamic force of his personality making Emperors and Kings the servants of his will. ‘We are going to make an end of Europe he declared when he set forth on the Russian campaign. ‘In three years we shall be masters of the universe. But the would-be master of the universe left his armies frozen on the Russian plains St.and Helena was waiting for him even ashe spoke. “The Kaiser is the last victim of the intoxicating gas whence that dream springs. The American Ambassador Mr. Gerard has recorded how the last of the Hohenzollcrns said ‘Alexander Caesar, Theodoric Frederick and Napoleon aimed at world- dominion they failed I shall succeed. But the same unseen powers that brought his predecessors to ruin will doom him also. “It is not by cataclysmic acts that judgment is wrought but by the regular working of the normal laws that govern life. The ambition of world- conquest is doomed because no human personality is equal to the strain of such a burden. Only colossal egotism can dream such a dream and when success seems within the grasp the egotism develops into mania. “These would-be conquerors of the world all go the same wav. “The sword of the Divine judgment is today suspended over Potsdam. The executioners of that judgment will bethe people whom he Wilhelm II.] made the writhing tools and suffering victims to his colossal and mad ambition.” v the World To-day is continued on page iv. V
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