The Great War Part 213, September 14th 1918

(ii.) R egis te red. A WEEKLY REVIEW SUPPLEMENT TO “THE GREAT WAR "PART 213. History in the Making VHE beautiful coloured map which is pre­sented with this part of The Great War shows in a few graphic lines the changing fortunes of the opposing armies during the first {our years of the war. Subscribers will, no doubt appreciate this departure especially when they know th a tit is the intention of the Editors to present further colour maps with future parts of the publication. Due announce­ment will be made from time to time of these valuable supplements. The next colour plate to be given with The Great War however will take the form of a beautiful portrait of Marshal Foch from his latest photograph i twill be given with Part 215. T may interest readers of The Great War to know that the present issue beginning anew volume contains considerably more reading matter to the page than any of the earlier numbers. This has been done by slightly enlarging the type space a t the expense of the margins while still leaving a sufficiently wide margin to provide a good and pleasing effect when the volume is bound I essentialist to make the fullest use of oar paper and as the space available for the literary and pictorial contents of The Great War has been somewhat modified in the course of its publication the Editors have endeavoured to maintain the original value by a more effective use of the space a t their disposal. The change begun in the present issue although not noticeable to the readers will make it possible to print consider­ably more reading matter and more pictures without increasing the number of our pages 'ILL subscribers help the publishers and safeguard themselves against disap­pointment by ordering as soon as possible from their bookseller director from the office their special binding-cases for Volume XI. ?As explained last week the Government has taken control of till available leather and binders have been compelled therefore to find a sub­stitute For the scarlet half-leather binding- case for The Great War the proprietors have been fortunate in securing a rich morocco sub­stitute identical in appearance and guaranteed to be not less durable than the material origin­ally supplied. This they are able to offer at 5s. 6d. or 6s. post free while the-sub stan tial and attractive wine-coloured cloth case can be had for 8s. or 3s. Gd. post free. HIT these handsome binding-cases for The Great War the publishers present a special plate ”“The Runner from a vivid drawing by Mr. J .F. Campbell. “The Runner ”depicts a messenger arriving a t com­pany headquarters with a message from the firing-line and is reproduced in handsome photogravure. With the plate every purchaser of a binding-case should see th a the receives the beautifully-printed title and contents pages, the value of which is enhanced by a Subject Index to the eleven volumes completed with Part 212. FEW words maybe added with reference to the earlier contents of our new volume. This contains a review of the fourth year of the war by Mr. H. W. Wilson, than whom no publicist has followed the course of events with closer attention to detail or abetter informed mind. The year was one of almost unrelieved gloom and anxiety for the Allies. Civilised man indeed had passed but seldom, if ever before through so awful an ordeal. As Mr. Wilson remarks the weather itself appeared to obey the bidding of “the old Prussian God.” As the year closed the war became more than ever a holy one—a struggle against the kingdom of hell. B u tit closed with glimpses of the dawn, with all the free nations of the world gathered shoulder to shoulder in unity and loyal comrade­ ship against the foe of liberty and the enemy of civilisation. Following Mr. W ilsons chapter comes the opening of a detailed and valuable account by Mr. Edward Wright of “The Great B attje for Amiens.” This will extend to four chapters. I hope to give more details of forth­coming features next week. Heard at the Listening Post Interesting and pathetic statistics of war’s terrible wastage are appearing. As appears in another column Lord Nofthcliffe estimates our killed at 900000. Americas casual- Wastage fies to date arc 20000. The total o f War wastage of the Canadian forces during the four years of war including those killed died of wounds and incapacitated by wounds illness or other causes is estimated at a little over 100000. The operation of the Military Service Act has produced reinforcements and reserves -which under average conditions of wastage should ensure the maintenance of the divisions at the front at full strength for a consider­able time to come. As for German casualties these are according to a French authority over six millions. *While the name of the Hun who sank the Lusitania will be remembered for generations there are others of kindred infam yon the list. One is Professor Krauss the inventor of A Prince poison-gas. Another is Major Redde- o f Hell ‘mann who invented the flam men werfer and the method of hurling boiling oil. When gas and liquid flame were first hurled against their enemies these two inventors were feted, decorated and recognised as master geniuses. Later when their weapons were turned against the German soldiers and trainloads of Germans gassed by their own deadly vapours began to arrive from the front Krauss became the object of rage and hatred. Similarly the German people were e­d lighted when Reddemann developed the flame­thrower but when the Allies made abetter flame­ thrower they cried “Atrocity.” To-day we are told both Krauss and Reddemann are undergoing severe strafing by German public sentiment, although they retain their decorations. Reddemann, who used to be called the “Lord of the Flammen- ” \yerfer is now named a “Prince of Hell.” It is suggested in the “Merchant Service Review ”that the Lusitania crime should be placed on permanent record on our ocean highways by a huge buoy bearing the name of the vessel Sprigs o f moored at the spot where she was Rosemary sunk and visible day and night for miles. This would serve to .remind those who come after us that the greatest sea crime ever committed was perpetrated by a nation which gloried in its deed. A similar suggestion is made in Paris by M. Paul Ginisty. Lately he was present at an examination of German prisoners. One German officer asked “Have you any conception of the hatred roused against you ?”replied “Yes for the time being wo arc enemies but of course all this hatred will die out because of German genius." Another German officer was asked “Will you have courage enough togo back to Paris after the war ?”and replied “Why not if it is tom y advantage ?”M. Ginisty therefore proposes that every street and house in Paris where Berthas shells fell shall bear an inscription to that effect and where Parisians were killed a list of the deaths inflicted among Parisian women and children. Then after the war when a German comes back to Paris as an enterprising bagman he will betaken to one of these inscriptions and left thereto reflect upon it. ?*Acting through the Judge-Advocate-General of the Army the Council of National Defence the American Red Cross and the American Bar Associa­tion the War Department of the. Helping United States is establishing a system Soldiers forgiving free legal and business and Sailors advice to men in the American Army and Navy and their families. Inmost of the States the lawyers are organised in local legal committees the members of which for the purpose of helping each soldier or sailor to set his affairs in order see him before he enters one of the two Services and give him all the assistance in their power. In those States which have no such committees the legal advisory boards and local Bar associations are doing similar good work. For the men in camps legal advice is obtained gratuitously through the division or camp Judge-Advocate. If the problem must be settled at the mans home, the Red Cross representative at the camp takes charge of the matter and refers it to the home service section in the mans 1 1 hometown.” The American Red Cross furnishes advice respecting allowances compensation war insurance and all other things making for the welfare of the men on Service and their families and even make grants of money when necessary. *The United States Shipping inBoard addition to having chartered 150000 tons of shipping from Japan has purchased from her ships totalling 127000 tons. Contracts have now U.S. been placed with Japanese ship- Shipping builders for 3SO .O O O tons of shipping. Programme including fifty large cargo-hoats the money involved amounting to up­wards of eighteen millions sterling. The vessels are being built at Osaka Aici Tokyo Kobe Yoko­hama Tsurumi Uraga Okagama and Kawasaki- a list which gives some indication of the shipbuilding capacity of Japan. To help the Japanese ship­builders the Board has provided them with steel plates to the extent of 135000 tons. In addition to these contracts with Japanese shipyards the Board has come to an arrangement with the Kiang- narn Dock and Engine Company of Shanghai. China whereby that company is to build 120,000 tons of steel ships for the United State? Govern­ment. *.Berlin recently held a ”“Fashion Week and the newspapers were full of amusing articles by Berlin shopkeepers on the triumphs of German taste over the blockade. It is admitted that Berlin's fashion has been largoly influenced “Fashion by the need for economising material, Week' and that mole-skin and rabbit-skin have risen to unintended fame. But the writers pride themselves on having talked German ladies out of their unreasonable demands for Paris models and having cured them even of a taste for Swiss models as the next best thing. For example Manhcuner the head of a large Berlin firm, writes in the“ Tageblatt ”:“If there is a dimin­ishing section of German women who still mourn over the things that used to come from abroad, they must be told very seriously that it is their own fault if they do not know how to dress themselves in German shops just as elegantly as they used to do with foreign goods. We have won the confidence of the elegant lady with taste and it can never again betaken from us.” The World To-day is continued on pageiii
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