The Great War Part 204, July 13th 1918

(ii. )Reg isle red. A WEEKLY REVIEW SUPPLEMENT TO “THE GREAT WAR PART 204. History in the Making ^HIS Part of The Great War comprises Mr. Wrights account of the develop­ment of the war in the air during the past eighteen months and of the increased activity of Great Britain in production of both material and personnel to meet the rapidly- changing conditions of conflict. As we indicated last \Veek the chapter contains much to encourage us and fully justifies the hopeful forecast with which Mr. Wright concluded his previous instal­ ment of the story of the struggle for the dominion of the air (Chapter CLX. Vol. 8). Then it still remained to be seen whether the directors of the Empires air policy had fully learned the lessons with regard to aeronautics already furnished by the war. Proof that they had done so is to be found in the institution of the Air Ministry and the amalgamation of the military and naval flying wings into a single Royal Air Force. CHIEF credit for the fusion of the Royal Naval Air Service and the Royal Flying Corps into a single fighting service undoubtedly belongs to Lord Rothermere who succeeded Lord Cowdray as Air Minister in November 1917 charged with the special task of eifecting the amalgamation. Acknowledging the assistance he received in the early stages of his undertaking from the Navy and the Army, Lord Rothermere described it as a “gigantic work ”of organisation and its successful com­pletion brought him congratulations from the asKing General-in-Chief of the new Force. When the Air Council was formally estab­lished by Order-in-Council Lord Rothermere became Secretary of State and President of the new body and when on April 25th, he placed his resignation in the hands of the Prime Minister he received a most grati­fying expression of the Governments apprecia­tion of his brilliant work “work of inestimable service to ”the nation and effected under difficulties greater than which no Minister ever had to contend with. LORD ROTHERMERE was succeeded in the Secretaryship of State by Sir William Weir upon whom the King has now conferred a peerage of the United Kingdom. The new Air Minister had been Scottish Director of Munitions 1915-16 and later Director- General of Aircraft Production and Controller of Aeronautical Supplies. Mr. Churchill declared in the House of Commons in April last that it was due to the work of “this very remarkable man ”that the Ministry of Munitions had been able to carryout the vast expansion of aircraft work which had marked the past year and that Sir William Weir possessed war intuitions of avery high order.” Under his control it can be confidently anticipated that the Royal Air Force will proceed to ever greater glory as one of the three established fighting services of the Crown. TT ORD ROTHERMERE as will always be 11 ^remembered expressed himself as being whole-heartedly in favour of a policy of active reprisals for German air raids upon England and in this connection it is interesting to note the formation of an “Independent Force ”of the Royal Air Force. During May fifteen raids by British airmen were made upon Metz-Sablons fourteen upon Diedenhofen (Thion- ville) four upon Kreuzwald three upon Karthaus and Mannheim two upon Bensdorf Coureelles, Landau Metz and Saarbrucken and one each upon Coblenz Cologne Esch Hagendingen, Karlsruhe and Seittel. Some little time ago a German paper congratulated itself upon the fact that the “good German language of the bombs ”was falling upon the ears of Londoners. Very similar language is now falling upon the ears of many watchers by the Rhine to the satisfaction of many stout-hearted British folk who are conscious of gratitude to Lord Rother- mere for the fact. MTH the next Part of The Great W a k will be presented another of the series of coloured photographic plates which have given so much pleasure to subscribers. It is entitled “Defiance beneath its defensive web: Camouflaged ”British howitzer and introduces an interesting variety into what will ultimately abe collection of valuable pictures of the war combining the accuracy of the camera with the beauty of natural colouring. This will bethe fifth plate of the series which will be issued fortnightly with alternate Parts of the History. 7 C .'Heard at the Listening Post For the 63000000 ration books now being issued about 700 tons of paper have been used. Nearly 3000 people have been engaged on the work, Each book alias white cover on the 63000000 inside of which is a spaco for the JKat ion names and addresses of retailers. It Books contains nine pages coloured orange for sugar blue for fats red for meat and bacon brown and blue for other foods that maybe rationed and green for reference. A special book has been prepared for children. Each book is numbered and bears a code or reference letter. *\The Government has to be supported. It stands between the nation and chaos. But it is time the air was cleared of suspicion and innuendoes —that the Hidden Hand legend was Public proved to be nonsense. Growth of Suspicion suspicion in the public mind prepares the way for secret German propa­ganda. It is responsible for many other undesirable things. It would help were someone in a position of indubitable authority to issue a plain incon­trovertible statement about such things as the indulgence shown to German barons and German banks the alleged pampering of German prisoners the record and status of all Germans in the United Kingdom the lax blockade the destination of increased exports of cotton cocoa glycerine potash, etb. the responsibility for the Loch Doori scandal, the truth about the commandeering of the Cippen- ham wheat area and destruction of growing crops, the so-called ”“Flapper Finance and soon. Meanwhile, it would as the “Evening News ”suggests bean excellent thing if -all enemy aliens were called up for internment and had publicly to produce their reasons for exemption. It appears that up to June 14th the total number of recipients of the Order of the British Empire in each class since the inception of the Order was as follows :Class 158 Class 2216 The Class 3704 Class 42139 Class 5 O .B.E .2833. The lists were prepared by the Home Secretary who received recommfendations from Ministers at the head of various departments. Some discussion has been aroused by the appointment last January of Mr. Gustave Jarmay as a Knight Commander of the Order. This gentleman was by birth a Hungarian. He was naturalised in November 1914 after thirty- eight years residence in this country. He was recommended for the honour by the Ministry of Munitions on account of invaluable services in connection with the manufacture of high explosives. *Delay on the part of the U.S. Army authorities in selecting a ride for their troops in the field has led to the suggestion that some of the American soldiers were not fully equipped when Equipment sent to Europe.An official statement o f the just issued shows however that the A m eric ans American Ordnance Department has met every demand imposed by the new programme for overseas shipment of American troops and that despite the great acceleration in despatching forces to France no infantryman goes aboard ship without a “model 1917 ”rifle (modified Enfield) bayonet belt haversack pack-carrier, bandoliers bayonet-scabbard and full mess equip­ment. Moreover despite tonnage difficulties it is announced that in addition to the 75 mm. and 155 mm. guns provided by the French for the American troops sufficient supplies of heavy artillery made in America are already in France, and that an adequate number of machine-guns is also immediately available for the U.S. soldiers there.* A recent issue of the “Times ”contains some interesting sidelights on war-time life in Germany. Take for example the following quotations from Fraulein Gertrud Baumers diary in Sid elig hts Herr Naumanns weekly organ“Die on Life in Hilfe ”:Germ any May 18!— The War Clothing Office and the Department for Fats and Oils are opening a joint campaign against the soap substi­tutes which threaten our scarce supplies of under­clothing with speedy ruin. We are told that German industry has j?ut 3000 soap substitutes on the market— a respectable sign of activity but not an equally great economic gain for the people because 1800 of them'have had to be forbidden as injurious. There is now to be afresh c'ombing-out of the remainder, because they also are too much for our underclothing. People who still put them on the market are to be punished with fines up to 500. Unfortunately we know this refrain of “up to 500 ”too well to believe any longer in its efficacy. May 25.— In a single Berlin Court 700 divorces itave been announced in four months. Doubtless a war symptom and avery serious one— an expression of the immeasurable moral losses which are involved in the continuation of the terribly unnatural con­ditions that prevail everywhere. *With the foregoing maybe noted the fact that, according to the' ”“Cologne Gazette a beech-leaf substitute for tobacco has been supplied to smokers in the manGer Army. In the Reich- Worse stag Herr Muller of Meiningen de- than clared that this mixture had to be “Gas ”thrown away by the troops. General von Oven replied that the number of complaints had been comparatively small so far, that the further supply had been stopped but that the stoppage could hardly be maintained. Herr Muller then asked if the Chancellor was aware that 10 marks per hundredweight was the price of these leaves and that the manufacturers demanded 500 marks per hundredweight. Was it correct that the health of certain sections of the troops had been more damaged by the enjoyment of this leaf tobacco than by enemy gas attacks ?General von Oven attempted to explain the price charged on the ground of the tax and the enormous cost of the genuine tobacco in the mixture. He admitted that the mixture had been found to have a harmful effect on the health of the troops. Proceedings had been taken against one firm which had provided tobacco of particularly poor quality. Every smoker, he added was suffering from the effect of war tobacco but the soldiers preferred to smoke bad tobacco rather than none at M.all. Lenin has issued a decree directing M. Litvinoff the Bolshevist Envoy in London to giye 1000000 roubles {normally 100000 to the family of Karl Marx for the erection of a monument on the latters grave at Highgate. The World To-day is continued on page iii.
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