The Great War Part 201, June 22nd 1918

A WEEKLY REVIEW SUPPLEMENT TO “THE GREAT WAR PART 201. History in the Making MR. KEITH MURDOCHS inspiring story of Anzac prowess and achievement in war during 1917 is brought to a con­clusion in this Part of The Great War. A notable feature of the Part is the selection of interesting and exceptionally line photographs obtained from the Australian Official Records and reproduced in the body of the text and in photogravure in the four middle pages. These were taken by Captain Hurley the official photographer with the Australian troops in the Holy Land and subscribers to this History who did not have an opportunity of seeing them when on exhibition a t the Grafton Galleries in Bond Street during May will appreciate the opportunity of becoming possessors of these reproductions of some of the most notable in tho collection. Captain Hurley was a member of the Mawson and Shackleton Expeditions to the Antarctic region and his camera studies have seldom been surpassed. ONTINUING our series of war scenes in coloured photography which has proved an immediately popular feature of this History we give with this aPart plate depicting a moment of tense expectation “At a Franco- British Outpost in the Great German Advance, 1918.” This is the third plate of the series, and as announced already the supplement will be given fortnightly. The excellence of the reproduction and the size of the plates make them particularly suitable for framing. H E outbreak of the world-war gave the BoyScout his opportunity and how magnificently he has availed himself of it is told in some measure in the chapter, “The Organisation of Youth in tho War,” written by the Chief Scout Sir Robert Baden- Powell and his assistant Miss E. K. Nugent, which begins in this Part of The Great War. The amount of actual work accomplished by the Boy Scouts will astonish many of our readers. Much of it is of the greatest military importance. Much of it is less picturesque but not less useful. All of it has been performed with conscientious thoroughness and selfless devotion. The authors of this chapter content themselves with record of work done but they have a shrewd anticipa- Heard at the The Berlin correspondent of the“ Cologno Gazette” speculating about the German of the future suggests that “the German who. has survived this tremendous war will lean upon The Hun his sword and wipe the sweat from o f the his brow.” Ho will no longer be Future fat becauso “the intellectual appre­ciation of the fat belly no longer exists.” Tho German has even learnt “to walk with face calm and unmoved with body straight, and with economy of all gestures that are not absolutely necessary.” He has“ learnt reserve,” and apparently will refrain from “chatter” about Kultur. *That the relationship between Austria-Hungary and Germany is not without its critics in Vienna is plain from the articles which the“ Arbciter Zeitung ”of Vienna the central The Awful organ of the Austrian Socialist party, Mechanism publishes from time to time with o f Alliances a frankness equalled only by tho utterances of Herr Harden in tho“ Zukunft.” The Vienna organ alludes thus to what it calls “the awful mechanism of alliances”:“ Austria-Hungary quarrelled w'ith Russia about Serbia. As Germany was our ally tion of the importance of the association as containing possibilities of uniting under a common ideal the young people of both sexes in every country in tho world and so of providing a guarantee for brotherly mutual understanding with tho likelihood of peace in the years to come. NE of the most interesting chapters in the history of the Great War which I have read—and that is saying a good deal in view of the immense amount of historical matter that lias passed through my hands since August 1914—is a contribution from Mr. F.A. McKenzie which I have temporarily entitled “Welfare Work for the Soldiers from Base to Battlefield.” In this chapter Mr. McKenzie very fully describes the splendid efforts put forth and tho large measure of success achieved by the Y.M.C.A. the Salvation Army the Church Army the Y.W.C.A. and the Catholic Womens League—not only in their varied and useful work among the soldiers in the camps a t home but upright to the fire trenches. aLTHOUGH great deal has been written about religious effort a t the front and much fugitive matter has appeared in the Press touching many of its interesting details this I think is the first time an attempt has been made to co­ordinate the whole. Mr. McKenzie who has made frequent visits to the front in connection with his work for The Great W a rand the Canadian newspapers which he represents so well had to make a special visit exclusively for the purpose of this chapter. I t is not written with any intention to stir our feelings and is, indeed a plain matter-of-fact statement of the things achieved b .they devoted religious workers in the war zones and at home but in cumulative effect it is actually a chapter which stirs our imagination and makes us feel proud to know that such disinterested and self- sacrificing workers are our kith and kin. This chapter will be fully illustrated with photo­graphs gathered together from the various fields which it covers. K .Listening Postwar immediately resulted between Germany and Russia although Germany herself was not con­cerned in the Serbian controversj7 .France was the ally of Russia so the consequence of the Russo-German conflict was war between France and Germany although the Serbian dispute con­cerned neither of them. But France was also the ally of England so England too appeared upon the scene. That is how the qtiarrel between Austria-Hungary and Serbia through the iron mechanism of treaties of alliance precipitated the world-war.” *According to Herr Richard Hennig in“ Deutsche ” Politik “Ham burg-H erat ”is the best description of tho German scheme of expansion through Lithuania the Ukraine Caucasia and Ham burg- Persia to Afghanistan—“ a guiding H rate star of future world-economic policy.” Meanwhile the“ Vossischo Zeitung ”argues that a great German object must be to promote a German policy in Afghanistan. *Balu­chistan as an Afghan neighbour would Constitute, a permanent menace to English rule in India. An Afghan port on the coast of Mckran combined with apolitical rapprochement between Persia and Afghanistan is the wedge which we must drivo between India and English predominance on the Persian Gulf with the intended permanent estab­lishment of England in Mesopotamia.” It is Germanys business in the view of the“ Vossische ” Zeitung to revive in an acute form England’s nightmare of a free Gorman road via Bagdad to the Persian Gulf. *In Germanys dreams of anew Eastern Empire, tho Dutch East Indies are not forgotten. Captain Vermeer of the Dutch East Indian Army in a recent lecture showed how the The Dutch Germans have been endeavouring to East extend their influence over tho Indies Mohammedan population of the Dutch East Indies and to use that influence as a threat casein of trouble between Holland and Germany. They have also used tho Dutch East Indies as a starting-point for intrigues in British India. In the Colonial Army they have six officers out of a total of 1136 twelve under-tffficers out of 173625 N.C.O.s out of 8640 and also technical employees such as photographers chemists etc. From about 1901 onwards all barracks in the Dutch colonics havo been supplied with good pictures of the German Emperor and the Sultan of Turkey. Sympathy with tho Germans has been carefully aroused in tho Mohammedan section of tho colonial forces. *Shortly before tho outbreak of the war and as far as possible afterwards Germans from Japan, Hong-Kong Singapore New Guinea and elsewhere fled to tho Dutch East Indies where Stirring up they aro kept going by tho German Native Consulates and where they are active Unrest in encouraging native unrest chiefly in order that the flame may spread to British India. These Germans live largely in the highlands of Java. They go about in fezzes talking to the natives. From this district of Preangeo is recruited the 15th Battalion stationed at Semarang. I t is significant that Semarang has been characterised lately by nativo disturbances, and that Semarang was where Dekkor who founded the Indian National Party in 1912 oame from. He w'as arrested at San Francisco for taking bribes from Germans to raise trouble in British India, and is now imprisoned. Moreover Preangeo was the centre of the activities of the notorious pensioned Lieutenants Keil and Von und zu 'Egloffstein the latter a brother of the Kaisors Chamberlain. This district was also visited by Admiral von Spee during the visit of his squadron to Java. Captain Vermeer related how the German agents Helferich &Co., made notorious through the San Francisco trial, bought up the“ Batavier ” Handelsblad then the principal newspaper and a few weeks later intro­duced into it pro-German articles. What Germany cannot win by the sword she strives to achievc by stealth. *It may not be inopportune if I remind my readers once more how easy it is to form a War Savings Association among the members of their household or of their immediate circlc of friends. How to A name must bo sclccted and in Save many cases this is simply the naino of the house and then a secretary a treasurer and a small committee appointed. Asso­ciations are then registered at the offices of the local committee and having decided upon the way in which the subscriptions shall bo collected, either by affixing coupons to a card or making entries in a book these being the two most popular schemes nothing remains but to collect the money and to make returns to headquarters on forms which are supplied therefrom. At the end of last year there were nearly 40000 of these associations, and the number is constantly growing so it is evident that this means of saving meets the require­ments of a large number of persons in the land.* I foel no embarrassment in saying here publicly, that for Germany light can never abe determining consideration.— Prince von Billow in the Reichstag, December 13 th 1900. The World To-day is continued on page iii.
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