The Great War Part 196, May 18th 1918

A WEEKLY REVIEW SUPPLEMENT TO “THE "GREAT WAR PART 196. History in the Making PROB ABLY some of the readers of The Great War may have had an oppor­tunity of inspecting the extremely interesting exhibition of war photographs which has been on view for some tim eat the Grafton Galleries in London. This exhibition directly organised by an official department of the Government has been a great success as the enlarged photographs of war incidents made familiar to readers everywhere in the pages of the picture Press have been given an extraordinary fresh touch of actuality by a system of natural colouring. Anyone in London who can afford the time to visit the exhibition ought not to miss tlio opportunity as these life-size enlarge­ments which are a remarkable triumph of the art of the photographer possess a vividness of truth that not even the genius of a great battle artist could achieve. ^HE Editors of The Great War in view of the unmistakable approval of the public which this exhibition has secured, have determined to provide for their subscribers a great new attraction which will immensely enrich and enhance the value of the current and later volumes of this Standard History. While paper restrictions have imposed the most rigorous economy upon all publishers— and have indeed in many cases led to the complete suppression of periodicals which were yielding handsome profits— there is no restriction on quality. It is entirely a question of tonnage. The Editors therefore hope to be able while effecting a further economy in the tonnage of the paper used for this publication to present to their readers with each alternate number of The Great War a beautiful art plate printed in full natural colours reproduced from a colour- photograph o fan actual battle scene. HES E plates will convey in precisely the same manner as the magnificent en­largements that have attracted interested erowds to the Grafton Galleries the true colours o f the zone of war. The ordinary black-and- white photographs and even those beautiful photogravures which have so long been an indispensable feature of The Great War have their limitations since they give no hint of the colouring of the scenes they otherwise record so successfully. To see in an ordinary photo­graph a group of German prisoners in charge of some British soldiers and to have the same scene presented in its natural colours is to realise that, despite the extraordinary triumphs of photo­graphy in this war only when the art of rapid colour photography has been discovered will we have approached to perfection. Meanwhile, these new colour-photographic plates which are being arranged for presentation to readers of The Great War and the first of which will be given away with Part 197 will be found to touch the highest level of colour reproduction, and will undoubtedly be treasured by sub­scribers as greatly increasing the value of this publication. I theisT intention of the Editors that these plates shall bo continued every for tn ig h t—i.e. given with each alternate part in addition to the beautiful photogravure pages which are inbound the middle of each part. It has been suggested that restrictions may yet be imposed upon colour printing owing to the diffi­culties of securing certain materials but in view of the national and historic interest in these colour-photographs of British war scenes the Editors have reason to hope that such restric­tions will not be imposed upon The Great War plates until circumstances make it abso­lutely imperative. All readers of The Great War should make particular note that our next issue No. 197 will contain the first of these beautiful new colour-photographs and that under n o cir cum stance swill there be reprints. THIS Part of The Great War brings the opening of our record of Sir Douglas H aigs offensive' last November the Cambrai Battle of Surprises as Mr. Edward Wright terms it. The surprise for which it will be most generally remembered is that which it brought to the enemy in the shape of the Tanks. Owing to the non-appearanco of these new engines of war on the snow and rain soaked battlefield of Arras and in the swamps around Messines and Ypres the Germans inferred that British com­manders had lost faith in their practical utility, and only used them to give heart to the infantry. ?c. Heard at the Listening Post Whatever may bethe final result of the German advance on tho western front Prussia has acted from tho outset as if the issue wcro certain to be in her favour. A small but significant, Prussia in proof of this is the seizure of Mr. Excelsis Gerards personal property in Berlin. Next may bo cited the systematic sack of Noyon with its accompaniment of ruthless cruelty to tho old folk who remained there. Then maybe noted the confession that tho Reichstag’s resolution of July 1917 now abandoned was a “tactical means ”to influence Russia. The Prussian leopard cannot change its spots. *To tho foregoing ovidcnco of resurgent Prussian braggadocio maybe added the speeches on Poland in the Diet. Herr Korte burgomaster of Konigsberg, declared :“We need a war indemnity What for the restoration of our economic Germanys system.” While Herr von Kleist Halers complained that Rumania had been Say treated too leniently Count York von Wartenberg bluntly maintained, “against all the fainthearts ”and pacifists that “the State is in tho first place might and in the second place might 4ie performance of duties of Materialism seems to bethe rule in Austria ”too. “What asks tho Vienna correspondent of the ”“Frankfurter Zeitung “has become of the ‘spiritual uplifting the ‘purification,’ Life and the ‘elevation to a higher level of in Vienna morality which the enthusiasts pro­mised to us as. a result of the war ?Is it to be found in the fact that burglars engage in regular revolver battles in the streets of Vienna orin the fact that a hardened swindler who has embezzled half a million crowns and an incorri­gible rascal who had indecently assaulted a seven- year-old girl were acquitted by juries on the ground that ono must not be too precise in these times ?Is the moral uplifting to be found in the comic-opera craze which storms the box-offices of the Vienna theatres every night orin the expressionist and futurist atrocities of the art cliques ?We should not deceive ourselves. Everything has remained as it was— low money-grubbing arrogant and dishonest. The only difference is that it has all become some degrees wilder bolder and more ruthless.”* A striking feature of the vast programme of construction which tho Shipping Hoard of the United States is now carrying out for tho purpose of supplying more than a thousand vessels to take food to the Allies and the American troops in Europe is the building of 120 ships at Hog Island Philadelphia by the American civilisation comes afterwards.” Duke Ernst Giinther the Kaisers brother-in-law insisted that“ wo must use a firm hand and not wear kid gloves.” The gem of the debate was Prince Salin- Horstmars fulmination“ I do not see why our enemies should not bleed until they are black!”* Thart there is some doubt however in Germany itsolf of the trend of'events may bo seen in ex- Chancellor Michaeliss warning that privations in Germany will continue “long after Conscience ”the war and that the present plight and Crime of his fellow-countrymen is “due to ”their materialising and “because Mammon began to rule with them.” In Herr von Michaeliss view “God desired to preserve us from complete materialisation.” The progress made during the war seems to have been backward. German family lifo has almost entirely disappeared in the big cities. All Berlin, we are told is living by robbery and cheating and matters are much tho same in Kiel and Leipzig. In the capital indeed there is an epidemic of murder attributed mostly it is worth noting to soldiers home on leave. Compensation for stolen goods to the amount of nearly three million pounds was paid by the Prussian ''ailways in 1917. Food-ship Nomen­clature International Shipbuilding Corpora­tion. All these 120 ships have been given names by Mrs. Wilson tho wife of the President those selected by her being of pure Red Indian origin. Some of them will be familiar to English readers from the novels of Fenimore Cooper and other American writers of tales of the “noble Red Man,” but most of them aro not. Among tho latter are such strange and curious names as Sagaporack, Saguache Scantacook Schroon Shickshinny, Shivwitz Sisladobsis Skaneateles Squam Tank- hanna Tippah Tonganoxie and Wahoo. «*Prior to its entry into the war the United States had only one decoration for its armed forces— the “Medal ”of Honour which was conferred by the President for gallantry inaction. American It has now in addition a Distinguished Awards Service Cross which is of bronze a for Distinguished Service Medal also of Bravery bronze and War Service Chevrons, as well as Wound Chevrons. Both kinds of chevrons are of gold and are identical, but the service chevrons are worn on the left sleeve of all uniform coats and the wound chevrons on tho right sleove. The former aro conferred on officers and men who have served six months in the zone of the advance in tho war and an additional chevron is forgiven each subsequent period of six months service in the same circumstances. These docorations are awarded by the President orin cases of persons dangerously wounded or likely to die from illness by the Commander-in-Chief in the field. The Cross and the Service Modal may bo awarded posthumously to persons killed in the performance of meritorious acts. *Commander Spicer-Simpson gave to the Royal Colonial Institute the first detailed account of the de­struction of the German flotilla on Lake Tanganyika at the end of 1915. This expedition of Good Work twenty-eight men was the smallest on Lake sent out and returned without a Tanganyika casualty. Its two boats after a sea journey of 8000 miles had a land journey of 3500 miles. They were dragged long distances through the bush and over a range of mountains sometimes in a temperature of 160 degrees. The German vessel Kingani was chased into the lake compelled to haul down her flag, and resumed her career under tho White Ensign as the Fifi. When the Hedwig von Wissmann upturned Fifi and Mimi chased her thirty miles and sent her to the bottom. Her .ensign was the first enemy ensign captured in any sea battle in the war. The Graf von Gotzen was visited by a bombing sea­plane. The Germans sank her. The World To-day is oontinued on pag'eiii.
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