The Great War Part 187, March 16th 1918

A llenbys Victorious Advance into Palestine knowledge. The Anzacs had lived up to their splendid reputation. He noted that the Camel Corps, “manned b y Australian New Zealand and British personnel,” had proved itself a corps d’elite. H e also made it known that the Expeditionary Force had been joined b y a French detachment under Colonel Piepape and an Italian detachment under Major da Agostino. When General Allen by overtook the command he found his forces entrenched on a front of about 14000 yards from Sheikh A jlin on the coast to the north­eastern corner of the Sheikh Abbas Ridge where their lines turned back towards the Wad y L Egyptian official p h logo ru p h .PILLAR OF SMOKE IN PALESTINE. Exploding of a landmine on the Palestine lines of communication. The firing of the charge sent a dense column of sand and smoke into the air. Ghuzzeh with their right flank extended to Shellal towards which a railway was in process of construction from Rafa. Over against them lay the Turks with their right on the sea and their left south and east of Beersheba and their front had been made very strong. A s far back Mayas General Murray put the forces of the enem yin the Palestine area at probably eight divisions, six infantry divisions being in the front line reinforced b y artillery and m achine-gun units as well as b y mounted troops. For the most part the guns were officered and manned b y Germans and Austrians. A t that time too, the Turks were building a military railway from E l Tineh, on the Central Palestine Railway towards ElM ejdel about a dozen miles north-east of Gaza. Their Generalissimo ¦Egyptian official photo graph .EXAMINING A N E.VLY-MADE CRATER. Men of the British forces in Palestine interested in inspecting the crater caused by the explosion of a landmine in the desert sand. a t the time was the German K ress von Kressenstein. In September it was rum oured that General von F alken hayn had arrived in Jerusalem and was to takeover the com­m and of the operations against the British but at the same time it was reported that he was about to begin an offensive against General Maude Bat agdad. Falken hayn with his headquarters at Aleppo was impaled on the horns of a dilemma. Although widely separated geographically the operations of the British in the East whether under Maude in Mesopotamia or Allen by in Palestine had avery genuine connection with each other. In these areas the war was almost specifically a war against Turkey who already had suffered very considerably in both albeit for awhile she had been successful at Gaza. In the one she had lost B agdad and the prestige that went immemorially with its possession, and in the other she was very directly menaced b they British advance from Egypt which moreover had brought into the field against her new and very important opponents. She had now to face the implacable hostility of the Arabs under Falkenhayn in the King of the H edjaz formerly styled a dilemma the Grand Sherif of Mecca and other princes of Arabia who had raised the banner of afresh Islamic movement against the pretensions of the Young Turks in Constantinople and the“ Turanians ”generally, and had inflicted serious losses upon herb y destroying many of her military posts in their country band y damaging materially a large part of the H edjaz Railway. In what direction was Falken hayn to strike ?Chapter C X C V .brought the narrative down to August, 1917 the 30th of that month being signalised b any advance of the British line near Gaza on a front of eight hundred yards at an insignificant expense of life in spite of considerable hostile artillery and m achine-gun fire. During September no incident was recorded of special interest on the Palestine front but soon the story was to take on avery different colour for all the time A llenby had been preparing on a large scale for the resumption of the advance. The efforts of the British forces in the East had meanwhile been closely co-ordinated. The rumours th a thad credited Falken hayn with an offensive against B agdad had not m aterialised. On the other hand General
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