The Great War Part 187, March 16th 1918

A WEEKLY REVIEW SUPPLEMENT TO “THE GREAT WAR" PART 187. History in the Making HIS first number of anew volume of The Great War although in certain outward details it may look somewhat different from most of the preceding parts is in no essential altered so far as the interior pages are concerned. What has been done is to make anew and better use of the wrapper pages which, with the steady increase in the cost of material, have now become much more valuable than previously. All part publications such as The Great War which arc intended for binding in volume form must be published with wrapper pages in order that the inner pages maybe protected until they can be bound. But it has seemed to the Editors a pity that four pages of valuable paper which must be used for this temporary purpose should be of no better service to their purchasers than to contain a page or two of advertisements or publishing announcements. Hence the new scheme initiated to-day of turning these pages into a little supplementary weekly review. THE matter they will contain from week to week will be found to be highly interesting, and they will be compiled and edited as ¦carefully as though they were intended for preservation. The Editors have often felt that, aside from the great enduring interests of the war which must be recorded leisurely and fully in the permanent pages of our History there are innumerable points of passing interest which they would like to present to their readers week by week and herein The. World To-day this end will be attained. The small increase in the cost o f The Great War to its purchasers necessi­tated solely by the increased cost of materials, is more than made good to them in the new literary matter contained within these three pages. ITH their attention concentrated on the titanic operations on the western front many people almost forgot the work being done quietly and persistently by the Egyptian Expeditionary Force that was making its way from the Suez Canal across the Sinai Peninsula and through Southern Palestine. Then last December their attention was suddenly arrested by the news of the capture of Heard at the Did the Kaiser over got his phonograph ?The question was put at a Piccadilly restaurant tho other evening by ono American officer to another. In the year that Edison completed Edison his first phonograph ho took a holiday and the in Europe and did not neglect the Kaiser business of placing his new ntachinc on the market. In Berlin he was presented to the Kaiser who declared that he really must have a phonograph and tho inventor promised to send one on his return to America. In Washington months later a German attache tackled him on the ”subject.“ Hm—ye-es said Edison.“ Ye-es come to think of it I believe I did say something to the young man about one.” *In Ireland they havo started anew campaign for food-growing. The Irish Agricultural Depart­ment has given the farmers definitely to understand that they must grow a great deal Speeding more food during the year. The truth the Plough is that despite the shortage every- in Ireland where nearly four-fifths of the arable area of Ireland are still under grass. Tho whole country is being roused on the subject. Experts of the department are going round the local fairs delivering lectures on practical questions of tillage. All the letters issued from Jerusalem and their imagination was stirred by the realisation that another chapter of world history was finished. Sir Edmund Allenby’s entry into the Holy City as conqueror ended the period of four hundred years exactly during which it had suffered under Ottoman dominion, and was a direct link with a known history of three thousand years. A more startlingly vivid flashlight into the actual making of history could hardly be imagined. David and Solomon, Hezekiah and Sennacherib Antioehus and Judas Maccabeus Pompey and Herod the Great, Titus and Hadrian and Constantine the Great, Heraclius and Omar and Godfrey of Bouillon, Baldwin and Saladin— what a roll to which to add ones name !AND Jerusalem—what a jewel to inset the Imperial crown of Great Britain !One feels that it has fallen into right hands. The conscience of the world would have been shocked had it passed from the tyranny of the Turk only to the worse tyranny of the Prussian. Godfrey of Bouillon refused to wear a crown of gold in the place where his Saviour had worn a crown of thorns. Allenby entered the city on foot through the gate called “The Friend.” These things are “in the picture.” Not so the Kaisers grotesque extravagance as exemplified in 1898 blasphemous in that setting and pain­fully suggestive of what might have happened had a general of his captured the place in his name. In British hands the Holy City will beheld as a trust for Christian and Mohammedan and Jew and by British hands it maybe that the Hebrew race will be restored to its ancestral home. The possibility was foreshadowed in the letter written after the capture of Gaza by Mr. A. J. Balfour as Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs to Lord Rothschild as the head of tho British Jews and an account of this with the story of Allenbys swift conquest of Southern Palestine and capture of and entry into Jerusalem is contained in the chapter written by Mr. Robert Machray in the accompanying first Part of the new volume of “The Great War.” A subject pregnant with greater possibilities for the future could not have been chosen for the beginning of any volume. 7 C .Listening Post Government offices in Dublin are being stamped with the impressions “Till More Land ”and “Grow More Food.” Business firms arc using a stamp ort their letters “Grow your food in your garden this year.” Official leaflets arc being showered among farmers urging them to plough for tillage crops every acre of land that can be spared. The campaign has even extended to theatres music-halls and picture houses. *Apropos of the agitation for the publication of more war news I hear that in the recent “brush in the Bight ”our light cruisers not only broke up a certain enterprise on the part of a What is section of the German High Sea the Navy Fleet but also with the assistance Doing ?of a battle-cruiser or two later in the night so frightened Von Scheer and the bulk of the enemys Navy that they decided to return to port without loss of time. Despatches and communiques at the time were very vague and tho report of the skirmish was quickly forgotten, maybe to be remembered when the naval history of tho Great War is officially written—some score or more years after it is allover. When are those in authority going to give us news of this type ?—news that would swiftly answer the carping criticism of those who continually ask “What is the Navy doing ?”Lord Jellicoe referred in a recent speech to the difficulty of hunting down a submarine even after a general idea of her whereabouts has been obtained, but it is doubtful if the real magnitude The and perplexity of the problem are U Boat by any means universally appreciated. Problem When a merchantman is torpedoed there is instant and conclusive evidence that a U boat is within a mile probably half a mile, but in the ordinary way the submarine will take caro not to betray its presence even in this way if a patrol is anywhere about so the chances omit will beat least an hour before the latter arrives o-n tho sceno. A good deal may happen in that fioflf. If the U boat is of a good modern type she will have an underwater speed of eight or nine knots—say ten miles an hour—so that between the sending out of the “SOS” and the arrival of the patrol she may havo travelled that distance without giving any indication whatever of her direction or position. *The problem before the patrol therefore is to discover the exact whereabouts of a submerged and invisible body about 200 feet long in a circle with a ten-mile radius and as such a circle Task o f would cover an area of nearly 320 square the miles —nearly half the size of the Patrol county of Surrey—-it will be seen that the task is likely to bean arduous one. Again the size of the circle of search will increase with every minute that passes—supposing the submarine keeps on the move—and supposing her batteries are fully charged when she dives, she can continue to do that for twenty-four hours at the moderate speed of five knots. By that time the circle will have a radius of 120 miles and an area of some 45000 square miles and all the timo there is the possibility that she may not have moved five hundred yards from tho spot whero the torpedo was discharged.* A submarine that is not using up her battery- power by cruising submerged can lie on the bottom for two whole days without any trouble. If she is moving there is just tho chance Advantages that the noise of her motors mayo f bethe picked up by hydrophone—a Enemy useful little instrument with which large numbers of our anti-submarine craft are equipped —and its position maybe ascertained by the growing intensity of sound in tho receiver as the hunter approaches but there are always many noises to confuse the listener and the Germans have naturally endeavoured to make their boats as noiseless as possible. The use of a drag slung between two patrol boats is sometimes useful in locating a submerged U boat and when her position is fixed a depth-charge soon puts tho finishing touch to her but the enemy now fits his boats with guardrails which make it almost impossible for a drag to make fast anywhere. •«To othor blasphemies attributed to tho Kaisor his pronouncement on German missionary endeavour is a memorable addition. Thanking the German Evangelical Missionary Society for a “Our Safe message of homage ho “telegraphed :Stronghold I hope emphatically that German but------” missions intrusting God and the Empires protection will after a victorious peace resume their blessed labours in undiminished extent. May our hard-tried mission­aries then profiting by the experiences of these serious years take with them the conquering reliance in the God of the great Reformer ‘A safe stronghold is our God but the Empire must yet be ours. ”The Kaiser is here quoting a famous hymn of Luther the last verse of which Carlyle thus translated: And though they take our life Goods honour children wife Yetis their profit small These things shall vanish all. The city of God remaineth. The World To-day is continued on page iii.
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