The Great World War A History, Part XI

” 4 The Great World War Hamilton referred to Anzac as being reluctantly cast to play second fiddle to Cape Helles—a role ashe said, entirely out of tune with the dare-devil spirit of our warriors from Australia and New Zealand. Now however, these roles were to be reversed. Time had enabled the Turks to make their southern defences— -sufficiently formid­able in their natural strength— prac­tically impregnable. Even the capture of Krithia for which such heavy sacri­fices had already been made would no longer give us in August the mountain barrier of Achi Baba an entirely new system of defence works having been constructed by the Turks under German guidance upon its perilous slopes —works as Sir HamiltonIan described them so planned that even if the enemys western flank had been turned and driven back from the coast the central and eastern por­tions of the mountain could still be maintained as a bastion to Kilid Bahr, where the thickest cluster of Turkish forts stood as guardians of the Narrows. Hence it became the role of Cape Helles to play second fiddle to Anzac, where the Australians and New Zea­ landers with their Indian comrades, had defied all the costly efforts of the Turks to hurl them back and con­tinued to hold open the gateway through which one final thrust forward might still secure for us the command of the Dardanelles. This therefore, was the main theatre chosen by Sir HamiltonIan for the decisive effort of early August. He made it clear for the first time in his vivid dispatch of December u 1915 that it was not the Suvla Bay landing but the attack From an Official Photograph A Letter Home from “Sea View "Dug-out Just above the top right-hand corner across marks the grave of one of the soldiers fallen comrades from Anzac upon which he chiefly relied to grip the waist of the Penin­sula strangle the enemys communica­tions and so win through to Maidos. The simultaneous assaults in the south w'ere also intended merely as a subsidi­ary part of the great attack. “Anzac”, to quote from Sir Ian Hamiltons dis­patch “was to deliver the knock-down blow Helles and Suvla w 7 ere comple­mentary operations.” The main stra­tegical conception was as follows:— 1. To break outwith a rush from Anzac and cutoff the bulk of the Turkish army from land communica­tion with Constantinople. 2. To gain such a command for Sir Ian Hamiltons artillery as to cutoff
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