58 The Great War provinces were first cancelled and then too late confirmed. The rebels struck in Dublin, therefore in circumstances which prohibited them from expecting on the one hand any material reinforcement from the country and from anticipating on the other hand any serious obstacle to the rapid concentration of military forces upon the capital. They struck with a strength probably inadequate to the task to which they immediately set their hand and certainly inadequate to the lengthy prosecution of that task. M R .SHE E H Y KS- EFF 1N TONG (wearing a trilby hat). The officer responsible for his death was found guilty o f murder but insane wand assent to an asylum .The shot fired before the Castle was the signal that inset operation in Dublin various bodies which totalled rather less than three thousand men. The outbreak took the authorities completely b y surprise. Dublin Castle itself was garrisoned by three soldiers with blank cartridges. Many officers of the troops in Dublin were absent at a race meeting in the vicinity. Unarmed soldiers were everywhere about the streets with no suspicion of the instant danger in which they stood for from the moment of the rising soldiers, whether armed or unarmed— many convalescent wounded were in the streets— and policemen were shot at sight by the rebels without challenge. Many civilians were killed on the first day of the rising but in the majority of cases they were not fired upon deliberately the action Rebel occupation 0f the rebels was directed against uni- of the capital formed representatives of tho Imperial authority. The scattered and helpless soldiers and .police were rapidly withdrawn from the centre of the city into effective occupation of which the rebels entered without serious opposition. Their operations proceeded upon an exact and admirable strategic plan. They seized or attempted to seize every dominating point in the city. A t the Castle which would have fallen an easy prey they refrained from attack expecting a ruse, until the garrison of three was so strongly reinforced as to make the attempt hopeless. The rebels occupied however, a newspaper office commanding the Castle Yard from which they assailed the troops with rifle fire and bombs. Out from the centre of the city houses commanding most of the canal bridges on the south side were occupied and garrisoned in strength. Beyond the canal houses commanding the junction of the roads from Kingstown were similarly seized the occupants in all these cases were summarily ejected. Nearer the centre of the city a rebel force commanded by Countess Markievicz entrenched inSt. Stephens Green an ornamental park dominating an extensive grouping of road communications. Other bodies occupied and organised for defence adjacent buildings and Messrs. Jacobs great biscuit factory and nearer the river, Bolands Mills at Ringsend. The north side of the river did not offer such a simple scheme of points of strategic advantage but on this side also every suitable position was occupied. The efforts of the rebels to seize the arteries of communication were less successful. The General Post Office in Sackville Street was taken at once by a large force which expelled the Seizure of the staff some of whom were in league with G.P.O. them at the point of the bayonet and all telegraphic communication Was promptly cut. At the General Post Office the rebels under command of H.P. Pearse “ Commandant-General and President of the Provisional Government of the ”Irish Republic established their military headquarters. For the rest of the week Dublin was completely isolated except for the telephone system. The rebels committed a grave blunder in their neglect to seize the Central Telephone Exchange. This was protected by the ruse of an old woman who informed the force detailed to seize it that the building was full of troops It was in fact garrisoned by nothing more formidable than twenty girl operators who stood to their posts with a fine courage throughout the rebellion. The maintenance of telephone communication was of the first importance to the military authorities in the development ARMS S U R REND E RED T O THE CROWN .British soldier proceeding along a Dublin street carrying a number o farms surrendered to the military b they Sinn Feiners. of rapid and effective measures to suppress it. The railway- stations also were largely immune from the rebel efforts. On the south side the two stations of the Dublin and South-Eastern Railway were both seized but one o f these was found to be unsuitable for defence, and was almost immediately evacuated. Both the terminus of the Great Southern and Western Railway and that of the Great Northern were strongly held by soldiers and no effort to capture 'TH ECO U N TESS MARK IE VIC Z .An extreme Sinn Feiner. Herd eath sentence was commuted to penal servitude for life.
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