The Great War Part 103, August 5th 1916

A BARRICADE IN ABBEY STREET DUB LIN .THE REBELLION IN DUBLIN :AN EYE-WITNESS ACCOUNT. By Warre B. Wells Assistant Editor “Irish Tim es.” Dram a tic Opening o f the Irish Rebellion o f 1916— F sir t Shot Fired Before Dub lin Cast le—The ruIns rec t ion F o redo o med t o Failure from the Outset-— A General aRising n I ten g r alE le men tin the Rebel Plans —The Latter Brie fly Reviewed— T h e breakOut Takes the Authorities b y Surprise— Many Civilians K ille don the First Day o f the Rising —Rebels Seize o r Attempt t o SeizeD amino ting Point sin the City— C o u n tess Mark ie vic z in Commando f a Rebel For ce.— P r o vision a l Government o f the Irish Republic Establish their Military Head quarter sat the Post Office —Te le phone Girls Fin eCo u rage— C e n tr foe Dub lin in Rebel Hand son Easter Mon day— T h r illin g Story o f D e fence o f Trinity College-— buD lin inEffective Rebel O c c u pat ion from Easter Mon day toWed sen day— T h e City CutOff from the World —Cit iz ens Welcome Troops from England— D e c is iv e Act Dion eve lop son South Side o f the 'City —Heroic Work o f the Dub lin Volunteer Training Corp s—T heS her wood For ester sin Act ion—S tron g Military Cord o nTh r own Round the Whole Cit y—R e b elsE vac u a teSt .Step hens Green—S n ip gin from the Roofs —Ar tiller yin Act ion— R educ gin the Are a Around the Post Office "—“Liberty Hall the Head quarters o f James Connolly “Citizens Army ”Cap tu red— erG a Cont flag ration OutBreaks —Connolly Wounded and H.-P .Pears ruSe render s—O r g anise d Resistance End son Sat u r day ,April 2 9 th —Loss o f Life and Mate rial Dam age— F ift nee Rebels Shot and Many Imp r is o ned.¦ jH E first shot in the Irish Rebellion of 1916 was fired shortly afternoon on Easter Monday April 24th. It was fired with a fine sense of the dramatic before the seat of Imperial authority in Ireland Dublin Castle and killed an unarmed policeman on duty. The act was an epitome of the rebellion— a risir g spacious and in a sense sublime in its con­ception murderous and by contrast with that concep­tion petty in its execution. The insurrection was fore­doomed to failure from the outset. It proposed as an indispensable complement to the seizure of Dublin a general rising throughout the country. Such arising was an integral element in the rebel plans and the nature of those plans must be briefly reviewed if the pro­gress of events in the capital is to be made intelligible. The seizure by- a surprise stroke of the capital— the Government buildings the strategic positions the nodal points of communication, physical and other— was, immediately to a large extent successful but it depended for its ultimate success on other factors. It demanded a larger rebel force than was at once available and it required that while this larger force was being concentrated the forces of the Crown should be prevented from a rapid and effectual intervention. The concentration of this larger force in turn depended on such a general rising throughout the country as would not merely put the Irish provinces in rebel hands and disperse military forces to deal with the provincial risings but would also ____________ enable surplus rebel troops to be made swiftly available for the reinforcement of the bodies holding Dublin. It depended that is to say, upon a wholesale arming of rebel forces for which, despite months of secret preparation n o adequate provision existed in the country. It presumed the immediate landing from overseas of a great quantity of arms and ammunition. The interception three days before the rebellion of the vessel carrying these warlike supplies was the ultimate cause of the speedy collapse of the insurrection in the capital. This implied that the provincial rising must be largely abortive. The miscarriage of the provincial rising was ensured by the confusion which prevailed at the rebel headquarters on the receipt of the news that the vessel was lost in which confusion the orders to the G 57 REP R E SEN TAT IVES O F THE IRISH GOVERNMENT .Mr. Birrell (Chief Secretary) and Sir Matthew Nathan (Under-Secretary), right and left respectively leaving the Commission House Dublin after a meeting of the Royal Commission on the Rebellion.
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