Aircraft Recognition No. 2, Vol. 1

AIRCRAFT THE I OCTOBER, 1942 IDEALLY the best way to teach aircraft recognition would be to have processions of real aircraft of all types and to spot them one by one. Even such fantasy would have to be based upon some background know­ledge of what to look for. Like every other subject or science, aircraft recognition must be founded on a basic A BC. That foundation is provided by the silhouette which presents in an undistorted manner the exact shape and relationship of all the details which togo makeup the whole. aBut silhouette by itself is not enough. It pre­sents the shape but not that peculiar “character ”of an aeroplane which often forms its most outstanding peculiarity for recognition. Something of this “sit ”and aspect in perspective is given by the photographic stills of the various aircraft. There can never be enough of them. Their great merit is that they can be used either for snap spotting practice or for leisurely examina­ tion—from both much will be learned. The same is true of models and such devices as the Hunt Trainer by which the outline of models is projected. Finally, there are the recognition films. They approach most nearly the true life view of the aircraft—when made from the genuine article and not from models. An article on these recognition films appears in this issue and presents both the problems and ways of solving them. But all these varied methods upon which skill in aircraft recognition is built add up to one thing. It is know each aeroplane—not as a silhouette, not as a photograph, not as a film—but as a living image. On that background only, can proficiency be based. The Month’s News The New Raider H E1NKEL He 177 heavy bombers are now believed to be in squadron service with General Spcrrle’s Third Air Fleet of the Luftwaffe in the West. The He 177 is distinctive from a recognition viewpoint with its wings o f high aspect ratio, long nose and two large m otor-nacelles eacli housing two motors. The points can be seen clearly in the photograph opposite. For Target Towing MILES MARTINET I target-tow ing monoplanes for the R.A .F.are now in production and are coming into service. The Martinet has a Bristol Mercury XX air-cooled radial motor and is generally similar to the Master II although it differs greatly in structure and equipment. Flag targets are unreeled from a container under the centre section o f the fuselage. Span 39 ft., length 30 ft. 3 in. Minelayers HAND LEY PAGE Ham pden bombers are now being used chiefly for minelaying. On this work they can be seen crossing the coast singly flying fairly low. N o external modifications are necessary as the mine, with parachute attached, fits snugly into the existing bomb-bay. Coastal Command Abroad AIRCRAFT o f Coastal Comm and are now operating from the American side o f the Atlantic on anti-submarine patrols. They include Lockheed H udsons which have now flown both ways across the Atlantic. Coastal Command now operates avery wide variety o f aircraft. They include Fortress I Is, Hudsons, Beauforts, Beaufighters, Liberators, W hitleys and Sunderland I Is. ANew German Transport THE LUFTWAFFE is using anew liaison and light transport monoplane—the Siebel Si 204. It is powered with two 450 h.p. Argus As 410 motors and has accommodation for a crew of two and eight passengers. The Si 204 is a low-wing cantilever mono­ plane with underslung motors, along pointed nose and a high tailplane with twin fins and rudders. The undercarriage retracts backwards. The machine is in the same class as our Q6— the Petrel. A French Giant FLYING TRIALS have begun o f the six-m otor S.E.200 flying- boat (six 1,500 h.p. Double Row Cyclones) built by the S.N.C.A.S.E. at Marseilles. This flying-boat has a span of 171 ft. 2\ in., a loaded weight o f 145,200 lb. (65 tons) and an estimated top speed o f 261 m.p.h. It was intended for the Atlantic service but is likely to betaken over by the enemy. Fw 189 Armament TWO 0.311-inch m achine-guns, mounted side by side, have been installed in the cone turret o f the Fw 189. A modified rear­ view window is now fitted to improve the view for the rear gunner. Italian Fighters TWO Italian fighters fitted with German engines are now in service with the Regia A eronautica in the Middle East. They are the Macchi C.202 (lop speed 330 m.p.h., armament four machine-guns) and the C aproni R egianne RE.2001 (top speed 360 m.p.h., armament two machine-guns). Both machines have 1,150 h.p. DB.601 motors and are equipped to carry bombs. RECOGNITION Vol I .—No. 2 GUNTER’S GREATEST—A flying photograph of the newHeinkel He 177 heavy bomber now believed to be in operational service with the Luftwaffe. The photograph is interesting in that it shows well the almost untapered fuselage, large tail unit and four blade airscrews. 3
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