World War II, Volume 6

W How the Allies cleared Alsace and Lorraine. By the last week of 1944 they had closed up to the Franco-German frontier-bu t the Germans on Hitlers orders continued to hold on in the Colmar pocket. A General Bethouart commanded I Corps in de Lattre s army. roads eastwards out of the Belfort gap and simultaneously storming the fortress town. In the event of success II Corps would join battle its objective being the Rhine between Huningue and Neuf-Bri- sach and the line linking N euf-Brisach- Colm ar-Ribeauville. General Devers, whose intention was to push his 7th Army onwards from Saverne to Strasbourg, fully approved the plan drawn up by his immediate subordinate and allocated him a battalion each of 203-mm guns and 240-mm howitzers in addition to other weapons. General B ethouarts first line troops consisted of the 9th Colonial Division (General M agnan) which reinforced by a Combat Command of the 1st Armoured Division was to attack between the Swiss frontier and the Doubs (it should be remarked th a this Senegalese troops were relieved by Zouaves and Moroccan light infantry and F.F.I. French Resistance forces recruited in the area) also of the 2nd Moroccan Division which was given M ontbeliard Hericourt and Belfort as objectives. The main action would devolve on this latter division so it was given two Combat Commands, from the 5th Armoured Division. On the enemy side LXIV Corps (General Schalk) was deployed on a 30- mile front. On the left was the 338th Division with its back to the Swiss frontier on the right the 159th barring the Belfort direction. These were divi­sions of poor-quality infantry mainly composed from heterogeneous elements and of differing morale (there was even one deaf battalion). They were covered by deep dense anti­tank minefields whose clearance proved to be particularly hazardous as they were protected by a fearsome array of anti­personnel devices and explosive traps. Requisitioned workers from occupied France-from the Delle district of Bel­ fort-com pleted the main construc­ 2104
Add Names

Disclaimer

We have sought to ensure that the content of this website complies with UK copyright law. Please note however, that we may have been unable to ascertain the rights holders of some items. Where we have digitised items, we have done so with items that to the best of our knowledge, following due investigations, are in the public domain. While the original works are in the public domain we reserve all rights to the usage of the digital works.

The document titled World War II, Volume 6 is beneath this layer.

To view this document now, please sign up as a full access member.

Free Account Registration

Please enter your first name
Please enter your surname
Please enter a valid email address
Please enter your password
By creating an account you agree to us emailing you with newsletters and discounts, which you can switch off in your account at any time

Already a member? Log in now
Small Medium Large Landscape Portrait
;