WWI War Diary Of Sapper. John Lockhart No. 134163. Royal Engineers 222 Field Company, 241st Artizan Work Co.

1917£~~ May 25 Discharged from 99 tn FA 1917 Sep 5 He was carrying for work on forward tracks when he was blown up by an enemy shell and hurled through air 10 feet or more 1917 Sep 9-191917 Sep 261917 Sep 27 Leave to UK At 6am he was in front line when bomb landed intrench and was blown up Reported sick. Transferred through 19 Field Ambulance 2 Canadian CCS. Shows tremor, pain in legs limps badly appetite good. The Field Ambulance attached to the infantry brigade provided one or more Advanced Dressing Stations in reasonable proximity of the front lines. The ADS was better equipped than the RAP but could still only provide limited medical treatment. Men's wounds could be dressed and some emergency operations carried out. In times of heavy fighting the ADS would be overwhelmed by the volume of casualties arriving. Often wounded men had to lie in the open on stretchers for a considerable time. The wounded man would be passed on down the line to a CCS often by the wagon transport of the Divisional Supply Column. Buses charabancs light and broad gauge railways were also used as conditions allowed. In addition to the ADS the Field Ambulance was also responsible for the stretcher bearer relay posts walking wounded collecting stations sick collecting stations and rest stations. A larger version of the ADS the Main Dressing Station was often provided for the Division. The next stop for most casualties was the CCS. ~~~--~-----+~----~-1917 Sep 27 Admitted to hospital. Discharged from hospital. 1917 Oct 11917 Oct 31917 Oct 7 I Admltted to O.C. New Zealand StatlOnary Hospltal France Wlsques NYDN mlld Brought to Dressing Station at O.C. New Zealand Stationary Hospital --~--~~------------------~Classified Neuresthenia of 15 CCS. Classified Neuresthenia is a common name for shell shock a defense mechanisim in which the individual unconsciousness tries to protect itself from further trauma through repression nightmares hallUcinations and other psychological responses. A condition of nervous debility supposed to be dependent upon impairment in the functions of the spinal cord. The CCS was the first large well-equipped medical facility that the wounded man would visit. Its role was to retain all serious cases that were unfit for further travel treat and return slight cases and evacuate all others. It was usually a tented camp although in the static trench areas the accommodation would sometimes be huts. CCS's were often grouped into dusters of two or three in a small area usually a few miles behind the lines and on a railway line. Atypical CCS could hold 1000 casualties at anytime and each would admit 15-300 cases in rotation. At peak times of battle even the CCS's were overflowing. Serious operations such as limb amputations were carried out here. Some CCSs' were specialist units for nervous disorders skin diseases infectious diseases certain types of wounds etc. CCS's did not move location very often and the transport infrastructure of railways usually dictated their location. Most casualties came away by rail although motor ambulances and canal barges also carried casualties to Base Hospitals or directly to a port of embarkation if the man had been identified as a "Blighty" case.(In 1916734000 wounded men were evacuated from CCS's by train another 17000 by barge on the Western Front alone. There were 4 ambulance trains in 1914 and 28 by July 1916). The serious nature of many wounds defied the medical facilities and skills of a CCS and many CCS positions are today marked by large military cemeteries. CCS's also catered for sick men. Generally considering the conditions the troops were kept in good health. Great care was taken in reporting sickness and infection and early preventive measures were taken. The largest percentage of sick men were venereal disease cases at 18.1 per 1000
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