io8o DIARY OF THE GREAT WAR 1915 Reported Russian check. The German headquarters claim to have inflicted a great defeat on the Russians in Western Galicia and to have pierced "their entire (ront "and crushed it. May 4.— Sir John French reports the British inline Flanders has been readjusted and now runs to the west of Zonnebeke. He is of opinion that the enemy has definitely decided to use asphyxiating gas as a normal procedure and that protests will be useless. French troops gain ground at Bagatelle in the Argonne, and push north in the Bois-Ie-Pretre 011 the southern flank of the St. Mihicl wedge. Allies advance in Gallipoli. Second War Budget introduced in the House of Commons. Mr. Lloyd George foreshadows a possible expenditure of 1152654.000. but announces no further new taxation. Heavy Turkish defeat in Persia reported. Russians in the Klioi and Dilman region completely rout enemy after three days fighting. More than 3500 Turkish dead found on the battlefield. :May 5.— Renewed Battle for Hill 60. The Germans obtain a footing undercover of poisonous gases and favoured by weather conditions. Owing to the great strength of the enemy in Western Galicia some Russian units fallback to the second line. Reported ultimatum by Japan to China as a result of the irrec9ncilable attitude adopted by latter since Japan modified certain demands she inadc in January last. Heavy Canadian losses. Announced in Parliament that casualties in Princess Patricia's Regiment up to May 2 were 20 officers and 308 other ranks. 'In the Canadian Division the numbers were :Officers 232 other ranks. 6024. British recapture some of lost trenches 011 Hill 60 southeast of Yprcs. .May 6 .—Announced that German Commander in South-West Africa admitted in a letter to General Botha that orders had been given to poison wells. Officially announced that General liotlia lias occupied the important railway junction of Karibib (German South-West Africa). Desperate battle in Galicia continues. Russian troops "severely tried owing to the superiority of the enemy’s heavy artillery.” _Ma y 7 .—Lusitania Torpedoed and Sunk. Giant Cunarder torpedoed by German submarine about ten miles south of Kinsalc. 1134 '’vcs osti While operating off Belgian coast the torpedo-boat destroyer Maori strikes amine two miles north-west of Weilingen Lightship. H.M.S. Crusader lowers her boats to assist in picking up crew of Maori but owing to enemy’s fire has to leave her boats and retire. Crew of Maori and boats crews of Crusader taken prisoners. :May 9 .—British forward movement. The First Army attacks the enemys lines between the Bois Grenier and Festubert, and gains ground south-east towards Fromelles. Important French advance. Our allies troops just south of the British lines go forward south of Carency three miles 011 a front of about five miles. Capture of Libau on Baltic coast by Germans admitted by Russians. Zeppelin Raid on Southend. Early in morning a Zeppelin attack made on Southend ninety bombs dropped 111 the town and fifty more in the vicinity. One woman killed, and two persons injured. French gains to north of Arras maintained notably between Carency and Soucliez. Total number of prisoners exceed 3000. In the House of Commons Mr. Churchill states that the Admiralty sent a warning to the Lusitania and directions for her course. Both messages were acknowledged the second message shortly before the attack. No escort was sent. British in great battle. One of the greatest battles of the war raging about Ypres and down the line. Sir John French reports that enemy undercover of poisonous gases. 1915 made attack east of Ypres in neighbourhood of the Mcnin road. Our shrapnel inflicted very heavy casualties on the enemy when in massed formation literally mowing them down.” May 11.— Growing resentment against Germans in Great Britain as a result of the Lusitania outrage. German shops wrecked in London and provinces. Troops called out. May 12.—Sir John French reports the repulse of a German attack east of Ypres. This attack he outpointed was the third costly failure experienced by the enemy. Anti-German riots in London and elsewhere. Many shops wrecked. At Southend military called out. May 13.— Announced that United States has decided to send a Note in severe terms to Germany demanding that sinking of merchant and passenger vessels shall cease. Conquest of German South-West Africa. General Botha enters Windhoek at the head of Uniorf forces. H.M.S. Goliath torpedoed in Dardanelles Straits. Five hundred lives lost. About 20 officers and 160 men saved. E14 reports sinking 0/ two Turkish gunboats and a transport. Continued French progress. The whole village ol Carency and the wood north of it have been carried by assault. May 14.— Fresh French success south-west of Souchez and about six miles from the railway centre of Lens. Italian Cabinet resigns. Many demonstrations in favour of war take place in Italy. Petrograd admitting the retirement of the Russian armies in West Galicia rejjorts that a defensive concentration on the banks of the River San is being carried out. Kaisers Garter Banners and Insignia removed from choir of St. George's Chapel Windsor. Together with the Austrian Emperor and other enemy sovereigns he has been expelled from the Order. May 15.— United States Note to Germany. The full text published. It is a. strongly-expressed warning against the recurrence of such outrages as the sinking of the Lusitania Reported resignation of Lord Fisher First Sea Lord. May 16.— British break German line. Sir John French report's First Army made successful attack between Kichebourg lAvoue and Festubert (north-west of La Bassee) breaking the enemy's line over the greater part of a ile two front. French advance continues. May 17.— Zeppelin raid on Ramsgate forty or fifty bombs dropped. The aircrat appears later over Dover Harbour. May 18.—Germans bombard Przemysl with intense artillery fire. Lord Kitcheners Review of War. In House of I-ords the Secretary of State lor War anncunccs that our troops must be adequately protected from asphyxiating gases by the use of similar methods. He also announces that 300000 more recruits are required. May 19.— Political Crisis. Premier announces that the Government is to be reconstructed. Government requests stewards of the Jockey Club to suspend all race meetings with the exception of Newmarket. May 20.—The Italian Chamber gives its approval to the declarations of the Government which is interpreted as security for the Government and a freehand for the prosecution of war against Austria-Hungary and Germany. Check to advance ot the Austro-German Army from the lines of the Dunajec. The Russians report having fallen back to the defences of the San. May 21.— French victory. An attack by o ir ally on the southern slopes of Notre Dame de Lorette lias brilliant results. Italy and war. By the enormous majority of 262 votes to 2 Italian Senate passes the Government Bill providing for the measures necessary in the event of war. May 22.— Disaster to British troop train conveying the 7th Royal Scots southwards which collides with a local train near Gretna and Scottish express from Euston dashes into mass of debris. Over 200 killed and many injured. May 23.—Italy Declares War. Italian Ambassador in Vienna presents a declaration of war against Austria. nb of IDolume 111. -i
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