The War Illustrated, The Story of the Great European War, Volume X, The Last Phase

o U U J DIARY OF THE GREAT WAR 1918 Sir Eric Geddes appointed to co-ordinate tlic activities of the various Government Departments in regard to demobilisation. Dec. 20.—Proclamation published revoking and amending previous Proclamations issued during the war by withdrawing all prohibitions imposed by them on export of manufactured goods except to Switzerland. Dec. 21.—Executive Committee of Berlin Soldiers Council dis­solved and a Central Council substituted. Count Brockdorff-Rantzau succeeds Dr. Solf as Foreign Secretary of Germany. Death of Dr. W. H. Page late U.S. Ambassador to Great Britain. Dec. 22.—A number of relaxations in food building and motoring control imposed during war announced. Dec .23.— Reported that British Government has informed Government of the Netherlands of its intention to forward supplies to British Army of Occupation on the Rhine byway of the Scheldt and Dutch Limburg. Severe infighting Berlin between sailors holding the Royal Palace and Berlin garrison. Dec. 24.—King's Christmas greeting to the fighting foices published. Dec .25 .—Sir Douglas Haig issues Special Order of the toDay troops in France congratulating them 011 their Victory Christmas Day. Dec .26.— President Wilson arrives in London. Dec. 27.— Important conferences held in London between President Wilson Mr. Lloyd George and Mr. Balfour. Announced British have captured two Bolshevist destroyers near Reval. Dec .28.— Results of General Election announced.—The Coalition Party under Mr. Lloyd George has a majority of 262 overall the other parties. The old Liberal F'rontBench with Mr. Asquith at its head disappears from the House of Commons. President Wilson receives Address of Welcome from City of London. In his speech at Guildhall referring to League of Nations the President said it had been delightful in his conference with the leaders of the British Government to find their hands moving along exactly the same Dec.lines. 29.—Announced from Berlin that Government crisis has been solved by retirement of Independent Socialists from the Government. Announced General Koitchaks troops have captured Perm from the Bolshevists taking 18000 prisoners and 60 guns. Important speeches in French Chamber of Deputies by M. Pichon and M. Clemenceau. Latter defends the system of the balance of power and remarks that it will be his guiding thought at the Conference. Polands Future.— Reports reach Copenhagen that the Polish leaders have resolved to occupy Danzig and to proclaim a Polish Republic with M. Paderewski as Pre­sident. The latters arrival in Posen with a British Mission arouses great enthusiasm among the Poles. Dec. 30.—President Wilson receives the Freedom of the City of Manchester. Dec .31 .—President Wilson leaves for Paris after his five days’ visit to England. Capt. W. Leefc Robinson V.C. recently returned from Germany where he had been prisoner dies at Stanmore. 1919 Jan. 1.—M. Paderewski arrives in Warsaw. Jan. 2 .—Germans evacuate Riga. Jan. 4.—Bolshevist troops capture Riga. Jan. 6.—Fighting in Berlin. Spartacus Party attempt to seize the administrative offices. Jan. -8.—Sir Douglas Haig's despatch published dealing with operations of British Armies in France and Belgium from May to Nov. 111918. Jan. 9 .—Announced a Supreme Council has been established by Associated Governments to deal with various questions involved in revictualling and supply of liberated and enemy 1919 territory. Lord Reading and Sir John Beale to represent Great Britain. Dr. Karl Liebknccht reported killed in Berlin fighting. Jan. 11.—New Ministry announced. Mr. Churchill S'yr.eVarv of State for War and Air Minister Mr. Walter Long. First Lord of Admiralty. Mr. Lloyd George and other British delegates leave for Peace Conference in Paris. Republic proclaimed in Luxemburg Grand Duchess retires. Government forces in Beilin defeat Spartacus Party. Jan .12.— Inter-Allied Conference Representatives of Allied and Associated Governments sitting as the Sujtfemc War Council at the Quai dOrsay Paris consider various matters coiinccted with the renewal of the armistice with Germany. Thereafter sitting in informal conference they exchange views in regard to procedure and other questions connected .with the future Peace Conference. Jan .13.— Fall of Medina toKing Hussein. Jan .15.— New Armistice Terms.— New Armistice Convention signed at Trdvcs prolonged armistice until Feb. 17. Peace Conference.—Announced that Britain America France Italy and Japan arc to be represented by five delegates apiece. Two delegates arc allotted to Australia, Canada South Africa and India and one to New Zealand. Brazil is to have three and following States two—Belgium, China Greece Poland Portugal the Czeclio-Slovak Republic, Rumania and Serbia. Other States are to have one. Announced M. Paderewski becomes Prime Minister of Poland. Karl Licbkneclit and -Rosa Luxemburg the Jiadcrs of the Spartacists killed in Berlin.'-s Jan 18.—First Peace Conference meeting. The delegates arc welcomed by President Poincare and M. Clemenccau is elected Chairman of the Conference. Jan. 20.—Allied Peace Conference occupied with the subject of Russia. Jan. 25.—Second plenary sitting of Peace Conference. It is resolved that a League of Nations should be established, and that this league should be treated as an integral part of the general Treaty of Peace. Jan. 26.—Commissions are appointed to deal with breaches of the laws of war responsibility of the authors of the war, reparation for damages and other points. Jan. 27.—The chief peace delegates in Paris discuss the future of German colonies and possessions in the Far East. Feb. 3.—League of Nations Commission preliminary sitting. Feb. 9.—Supreme Economic Council decided on. Feb. i ..—League of Nations Covenant read by President Wilson to plenary sitting of Peace Conference. Mar. 14.—Fiekl-Marshal Sir Douglas Haig appointed Com- mandcr-in-Chicf of the Forces in Great Britain in succession to General Sir William Robertson who is given Command of the Army of the Rhine. April 29.— Full text of the League of Nations Covenant published. May 1.—German delegates formally received at Versailles. May 7.—Terms of peace presented to Germans at Versailles. May 14.—Nurse Cavells body arrives in England for burial. May 21.—Period of grace granted to Germans for their observa­tions on peace terms extended until -May 29. May 26.—Allies recognise Admiral Koitchaks Government. May 27.—German counter-proposals to Allies peace terms announced from Berlin. June 2.—Terms of peace presented to Austrian delegates Germain. June 16.—Allied final reply to German counter-proposals for pcacc communicated to Germans at Versailles containing some concessions and modifications. J uke 2 1.—End of German Fleet.—At Scapa Flow all interned German battleships and battle-cruisers except battleship Baden five light cruisers and a number of destroyers are sunk by their crews. June 28 —Peace Treaty signed.—The peace treaty with Germany is signed in the Hall of Mirrors at Versailles by representatives of twenty-eight Allied and Associated Powers and Geiimny, whose delegates are Herr Hermann Muller and Dr. Bell. ot IMume X
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