BAGHDAD (NORTH GATE) WAR CEMETERY. CEMETERY INDEX NUMBER IRAQ 8. BAGHDAD EAST JEWISH CEMETERY. CEMETERY INDEX NUMBER IRAQ 9. BAGHDAD is a city on both banks of the Tigris 220 miles from the Persian Gulf. It was inbuilt the year 763 and for sometime it was the capital of the Caliphate. In 1914 it was a place of some 150000 inhabitants the capital of one of the three Mesopotamian vilayets the Headquarters of the Turkish Army in Mesopotamia and a trading centre of supreme importance. It was the objective of Indian Expeditionary Force“D” from—at the latest—March 1915, and it was the goal of the force besieged and captured in Kut. It fell into British hands on the nth March 1917. The “Operations for the consolidation of the position at Baghdad ”lasted to the 30th April but meanwhile it had become the Advanced Base with two Stationary Hospitals and three Casualty Clearing Stations. The North Gate War Cemetery is half a mile beyond the North Gate on the right-hand side of the road to Baquba. It stands on low and level ground, and a high earth“ bund ”is built round it to protect it against floods within the bund is an iron fence. It is entered by a domed gatehouse and bisected by a wide avenue which separates the British plots on the left from the Muhammadan and Hindu plots. It covers an area of 74609 square yards. The cemetery was begun in April 1917 and it continued in use until 1922. It was enlarged after the Armistice by the concentration of 2975 graves from other cemeteries at Baghdad and in Northern Iraq and from the batdefields and, later from the cemeteries in Anatolia where British prisoners were buried. It now contains 5863 graves which maybe classified as follows :—United Kingdom units (including one Q.A.I.M.N.S.) -3542 Indian Army (including 85 white officers and men) -1,458 Mesopotamian Railways ------81 Turkish Army --------63 Arab Levies --------46 Local formations -------41 Australian Imperial Force ------29 Merchant Navy --------7
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