COLOGNE SOUTHERN CEMETERY CEMETERY INDEX NUMBER Gy. I. COLOGNE (in German Koln am Rhein) is a cathedral city on the Rhine in the Nord- rhein Westfalen province. It was founded as a Roman colony in the first century. It was entered by British forces on 6th December 1918 and occupied by a British Army, under the terms of the Treaty of Versailles from that month until January 1926. The Sudfriedhof or Southern Cemetery is about 5 kilometres South of the Cathedral. It is one of the City cemeteries begun in 1900 and covering avery large area. It was used during the war for the burial of 1011 Allied prisoners as well as German soldiers and after the Armistice it was used by the British garrison. In 1922 it was chosen as one of the four permanent cemeteries to which British graves in Germany should be moved and the work was completed in the following year. The British War Grave Plots are outlaid in the form of the letter T with the head of the Tat the East end and at right angles to the main avenue of the cemetery. They are prolonged at the West end by four plots of Rhine Army burials svhich took place after the legal termination of the War. They comprise 18 plots of which I-IV VI VII and part of VIII contain the graves of officers and men who died at Cologne whether as prisoners of war orin the Army of Occupation while the others were made by the concentration of 1623 graves from cemeteries in Hanover Hesse the Rhine Province and Westphalia. Two British and six Indian War Graves are in other Plots. The total number of burials is made up as follows: IDENTIFIED UNIDENTIFIED TOTAL United Kingdom 2338(A) 232361 Canada 4545 Australia 3434 New Zealand 3434 South Africa 1414 Undivided India 1414 Total 2479232502 (A) includes five Spccial Memorials erected to soldiers from the United Kingdom. Six Serbian soldiers two French and one Belgian are also buried in this cemetery. 5
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