PRETORIA. WITH THE FLAG TO PRETORIA CHAPTER I .THE EXPLOSION. The Boer Ultimatum— Intrigues against British supremacy— Great Britains interest in the Dutch Republics— Common interests of the white peoples— Marly history of Cape Colony— Unpopularity of the Dutch Mast India Company— British capture Capetown— “The Great Tick ”—England recognises the Republics— Their attitude towards us— Sir Bartle Frere— M ajuba —The (Jutlanders— The Jameson raid— Kruger— His character— Sir Alfred Milner—The Bloemfontein conference—Transvaal refuses Englands demands— War. O X October n 1899 began what was to prove the greatest struggle in which England has engaged since the peace that followed Waterloo. For at 5 p.m. on that day the forty-eight hours allowed by the Transvaal Government for a favourable answer to its ultimatum expired and the forces of the two Boer Republics put themselves in motion to carryout their favourite threat of sweeping the English from South Africa into the sea. Thus came the explosion— the culminating catastrophe of a decade of race-hatred in South Africa the inevitable and certain result of British moral cowardice and surrender in the past. Twenty years back it The Boer Ultimatum. 'had been foreseen and foretold by the prophets for the last five years before the hour of conflict the British nation had felt instinctively that writ as drawing steadily nearer had watched with apprehension the enormous armaments of the Transvaal and heard with rage and shame the story of the persistent oppression by the Boers of thousands of loyal British citizens. All men had dreaded i t many had striven to avert i t many more had prayed that it might not income their day. But it had come at last and found Great Britain utterly unprepared still clinging against hope to the hope of peace, confused and distracted by false predictions that the Boers would “never fight A GENTLEMAN IN KHAKI." Khaki originally used in India only but now universal in foreign campaigns is a canvas-like fabric cool in summer and warm in winter. It is precisely the colour of the dusty yellow-brown veldt and its name is derived from the Persian word for dust.
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