The 30th Corps had to deal with S.andS. parachute troops on the Dortmund-Ems canal line near Lingen which they could not overcome until 6th April. East of the Ems German batde quality still showed itself even when the Corps was nearing Bremen. That city according to plan was attacked by the 3rd Division on the west bank of the Weser and by the 43rd and 52nd Divisions on the east bank—both had crossed the river farther upstream. It was not until the 26th that resistance in the city ceased. Thereafter the Guards Armoured Division drove onto reach the Elbe estuary below Hamburg and the 51st Division turned north to clear the peninsula between the Weser and the Elbe and to seize Cuxhaven. The 2nd Canadian Corps meanwhile had been advancing north and north-east from their bridgehead over the Rhine in the region of Emmerich. The 2nd and 3rd Divisions drove practically straight north through eastern Holland between the Ijsselmeer (Zuider Zee) and the German border to Groningen and to Leeuwarden respectively. Improvised German positions caused trouble here and there but were usually soon overrun. The 4th Canadian Armoured Division curved east from the neighbourhood of Almelo in Holland crossed the River Ems at Meppen on 8th April then advanced steadily towards Oldenburg. Near that town the speed of the advance was checked there was severe fighting for Friesoythe about eighteen miles south-west of Oldenburg and it appeared that the German intention was to defend and to goon defending Oldenburg and the naval bases of Emden and Wilhelmshaven. Meanwhile the 1st Polish Armoured Division had been brought up to operate in the gap opening between the 4th Canadian Armoured Division and the 2nd Canadian Infantry Division. At the end of April the 3rd Canadian Division was moved from Holland to near the mouth of the Ems and the 2nd Canadian Division reinforced the Oldenburg sector. The 5th Canadian Armoured Division moved to Delfzijl after the 1st Canadian Corps had taken Arnhem and the region east of the Grebbe. Soldiers who were there and who survive will recall bitter and weary combat towards the end of April somewhere on the general line Oldenburg-Emden. The Last Days On 22nd April Field-Marshal Montgomery issued orders for future operations. The 8th Corps was to cross the Elbe and having established a secure bridgehead was to forge ahead with all possible speed to the Baltic to capture Ltibeck. The 12th Corps was to bridge the Elbe within the 8th Corps sector and then to swing west and take Hamburg. The U.S. 18th Corps which was under command of 21 Army Group, was to establish a bridgehead on the right of the 8th Corps. Before these plans could be carried out on 25th April Russian and American troops met at Torgau on the Elbe and Germany was cut in two. In the early morning of 29th April the 15th Division with the 1st Commando Brigade viii
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