The Morning Chronicle, Thursday May 11th 1854

sure, auu ho o h m piw pv> « « * . --- „ malt, which af.cr the said day shall bo made from bear or bigg only in Sootlaud an I Ireland respectively, the duty of 38. Id., in lieu of such other duties of excise aforesaid. And for and upon every bushel of malt, whether grounl or unbound, be- lon 'ing to any maltster, or maker of malt, dealer in. or seller or retailer or rwister of malt, brewer, distiller, or viuegar- maker, and which on the 8th day of May, 1854, shall be either in his custody or possession, or in the custody or pos­ session of any other person in trust for him, or for his us©, benefit, or ’ acoount, In England, Scotland, or Ireland, the followiug additional duty over and abovo all other duties of excise paid or payable thereon under any aet or acts now in toroe, that U to say, an additional duty after the rate of Is. 3%d. per bushel. Provided always, that if auch U*t- mentioned malt shall be in Scotland or Ireland, and thall have been made for home consumption there from lioar or bigg oi»l>, then an additional duty after the rate of Is. iwr bushel only. Amendment proposed, to leave out tho wont* " for and upon every bushel imperial standard measure, and so in pn>|M>rtlon for any greater ar less quantity of malt which, after tho 8th day of May, 1854, shall be made in any part of tho United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (Mr. Hall :)—Quoation put, “ That the words proposed to be left «ut stand |»art of tho reso­ lution.”—Tho house divided: Ayes 2*24, Noc* 143. AYES Acland, Sir T D Klmlcy, VU Labouchere, II Ricardo. J L Alcock, T Emlyn, Vis Langston, J II Ricardo, O Anderson, Sir J Easton, Earl of Langtou, II G Atherton, W Ball, J Baring, H B Bass, M T Beamish, F B Beckctt, W Ewart, W Fagan,W Fcilden, M J Fergus, J Ferguson, J Rice, E It Laslett, W Rich, H Lawlcy, Hon F Richardson, J J Layard, A II Roche, E B Lee, W Russell, Lord J Liddell, H O RussoH, F C H Fitzgerald, J I) Liddell, Hon H Sadleir,Jas Bcrkeloy, Adm Fltzroy, lion U Locke, J Sawlo, C B O Berkeley, C L Q Foley, J H l l Lockhart, A E Scholefleld, W Bethell, Sir K. Forster, C Luce, T Scobcll, Capt Biggs, W Forster, J Mackie, J Scully, F Blackett, J F B Fortcscue, C Mackinnon,WA 8cully, V Blandford. Marq Freestun, Col MacGregor, Jas Seymour, Lord Bouhaui’Cartcr, Gallwey, Sir W M ‘Gregor, John Seymour, W J L > J Gardner, R Marshall, W Shafto, R D Bouvcrle, Iln E Geach, C Martin, J Boyle, Hon Col Gladstone, W Massey, W N Bramston, T W Glyn, G C Mathcson, A Brothorton, J Goodman, Sir G Miall, E Brown, W Goulburn, H Milligan, R Bruco, Lord E Gower, Hon F Buckley, Gen Grace, O D J Byng, HnGH Graham, Sir J Cardwell. E Greene, T Cavendish, HnG Gregson, S Chailis, Aid Grenfell, C \ V Chambers, M Grey, Sir O Chaplin, W J Grey, R W Mills, T Shelley, Sir J V Sheridan, R B Smith, J A Smith, It V Stafford, Marq Stanley, Hon \ V Milner, W M E Stirling, W Milnes, R M Strickland,Sir Molesworth,SrWStrutt, E Monck, Vise Stuart, Lord D Moncreift, J Talbot, C R M Montgomery, SirThicknesse, R A G Thompson, G Clay, Sir W Grosvenor, Earl Mowbray, J R Thornoly, V Tynto, Col C J Cockburn, Sir A lladfleld, G Muntz, G F Cogau, W H F Hall, Sir B Mure, Col Collier, R I* Hankey, T Noircya, Lord Cowper, Hn W Hanmer, Sir J Norreys, Sir D Crauf ird, E H Hastic, Alex O’Brien, P I Crossiey, F Plastic, Arch Currie, R Heard, J I Dalkeith,Earl of llcneage, G F Dalrymplo. Vis Herbert, 1 1 A Denison, E Herbert, S Denison, J E Hervey, Lord A Osborne, R Dent, J D Hey worth, L Otway, A J Dlvett, E Higgins, G G O Pagot, Lord A Uxbridge, Bari Villiers, C P V a n ,J II Vivian. H II Walnisley, Sir J Walter, J Whitbread, S Wickham, H W Wilkinson, W A Willoox, B M‘G Williams, M Williams, W Dmmlanrig, Vis llindley, C Palmerston, Vis Wilson, J Drummond, H Horsfiall, T B Pechell, Sir G B Winnington,SirT O'Brien, Sir T O’Connell, D O'Connell, J O'Flaherty, A Oliveira, B Dufl, G S Duff, J Duncan, G Dunoombe, T Dundas, G Dunlop, A M Efecrton, W T Egerton, E C Elcho, Lord Horsman, E Peel, F Wise, A Howard, Hon C Pellatt, A Wood, 8irC Howard, Lord E Pennant, Hn ColWright$on,W B Hughes, W B Pcto, S M Wyndham, W Hume, J H utt, W Jermyn, Earl Johnstone, J Keating, H S Ellice, Rt Hon EKeogh, W Ellice, E Kershaw, J Elliot, Hon JE Kinnaird, H n A Price, W P Philipps, J II Wyvill, M Phlllimore, R J Young, Sir J Phlnn, T Pigott, F TiLLina. Pilkington, J Haytcr, W G Ponaonby, Hn A Mulgrave, Earl of Portman, 1 1 n W Adderley, C B Alexander, J Archdall, Capt Batfge, W Bailey, Sir J Bailey, C Baillie, II J Baird, J Baldock, E 1 1 NOES. Dering. Sir E Kelly, Sir F Disraeli, B Dunne, Col Du Pre, C G Egerton, Sir P Evelyn, W J Farrer, J Fcllowes, E Jilm er, Sir E Bankes, G Floyer, J Barrington, Vis Forbes, W Barrow, W H Forester. Col Beach, Sir M Forster, Sir G Bective, Earl of Frewcn, C H Bellew, T A Bonnet, P Blair, Col Boldero, Col Booker, T W Kendall, N Ker, D 8 King, J K Knatchbull, W Knightley,R Knox, Col Langton, W G Lennox, Lord A Lisburne, Earl Long, W Macartney, G Malins, R Mandeville, Vis Mannors, Ld G March, Earl of Meux, Sir H Miles, W Mlchcll, W Fuller, A E Galway, Vis Gaskell, J M Georgo, J Gilpin, Col Booth, Sir 1 1 G Graham, Lord MMontgomery, II Buck, L W Granby, Marq of Morgan, O Buller, Sir J Y Greaves, E Mullings, J R Butt, G M Greene, J Mundy, W Campbell, Sir A Grogan, E Naas, Lord Carnac, Sir J Halford, Sir II Cecil, Lonl R Hall, Col Chelsea, Visct Hamilton, G A North, Col Child, S Hamilton, J H Oakes, J H P Christopher, RAHanbury, Hn C Packe, C W Clinton, Ld C P Haroourt, Col Pakington, Sir J Hawkins, W W Palk, L Neeld, Joseph Noel, Hon G J Clive, R Cocks, TS Hayes, Sir E Palmer, Robert Codrinijrton, SrWHenley, J W Parker, R T Coles, H B Herbert, Sir T Pollard - Urqu- Compton, H C Irton. S hart, W Davison, R Jolliffe, Sir W G Portal, M lleedes, W Jones, D Pugh, D Bolt. P Scott, H onF Scymer, II K Sibthorp, Col Smijth, Sir W Smith, W M Somerset, Capt Sotheron,T II S Spooner, R Stafford, A Stanhope, J B Taylor, Col Thesiger, Sir F Tollemache, J Tomline, G Trollope, Sir J Tudway, R C Tyler, Sir G Vance, J Vane, Lord A Vausittart, G H Vernon, L V Vyse, Colonel Waddington, H Walcott, Ad in Walpole, S H Walsh. Sir J B West, F R Whitmore, H Wyndham, Gen Wynn, M^jor H Wynne, W W E Yorke, Hn E T T K L L R K A . Ball, E Bentinck, G P T h e L a b o u r e r s’ S t r ik e at L iv e r p o o l .— T he dock labourers at the Albert dock returned to their work yesterday. We understand that all the matters in dispute will be arranged to-day.— N orthern Daily Tims. r - — New Forest New Park Farm Dean Forest High Meadow Woods....... H igh Meadow Woods, which were not bought until 151/ Receipt. Expenditure. £516,610 ... £404,422 30,963 ... 35,271 643,577 ... 369,200 86,876 ... 55.679 Other charged, amounting to £35,S96, are ¦•|*ral«ly m in e I in tho account from which 1 oopy, and tho i»ot surplus is thereby reduced to £278,003. Deducting the a‘30,(H)0 due lo High Meadow Woods, and excluding the loa* on Now Park Farm, we shall have £251,109 as tho total net receipt from the two largo forests. This 6um, divided by 44, gives, it will l> e observed, an average of less than £ 6,000 a year. Although the smaller forests arc intended to bo the princ* pal subject of the present communication, a few words must be said as to High Meadow Woods, which were, as is stated above, purchased in the year 1817# Tho price given was £154,000, and the return was, as appears from the figures just given, for the flrst thirty years, a little more than £ 1,000 per annum on the average; that is to sty, about 13s. 4d. per cent, ou the purchase money. It will, of course, be assumed that the property ha* muoh increased in value, and it is true that it has; but Mr. Clutton, in his valuation of 1847, estimated it at only £210,000. If £154,000 had in the year 1817 been invested at £3 per ccnt., and £ 1,000 out of the accruing income expended in each year, the rest being accumulated at compound interest, tho total amount at the end of thirty years would have exceeded £320,000, so that the speculation has not hitherto proved a very fortunate one. The accounts for the year which ended the 31st of March, 1853, show a slight improvement, the net recoipt during that period being about £1,500; and Mr. Brown, who his recently visited tho woods, in the course of a tour of inspection, undertaken by order of the Commissioner in charge, ventures to hope that for the next ten yean* the average will bo about £2,600 ; that is, rather more than 16*, per eent. on tb0 £320,000, tho amount beforo mentiouod. In 191 !> , when tho plantation) arrive at maturity, it la anticipated that their va­ lue may amount to £355.875, but it i« hardly safe to place any great relianco on calculation! referring to to distant a period. The larger forests are, however, supposed to bo, indepon* dently of their pecuniary value, of importance as scouring a supply of navy timber. Into this part of the question I do not enter ; but it* may be observed that High Meadow Woods contributed more between 1817 and 1847, and the other two more between 1834 and 1847. It is well known that the Admiralty ceased to deal with the Woods and Foresta, be­ cause they found that supplies could be obtained from pri- vatoindividualsatamuch lower rate; and with regard to New Forest, it is to be added that, according to Mr. Milne's judg­ ment, there was less timber in the New Forest fit for naval purposes in 1819 than there had been forty years before. As to the smaller forests, it is notorious that several of them oontain no timber whatever suitable for tho navy, and that others have exceedingly little. 1 must, if you will al­ low me, trespass upon your space by taking them sepa­ rately,'and giving, with regard to each, the particulars supplied by recent reports :— 1. P a r k h u r s t (Is lh of W ig h t).— No timber was sup plied to the aavy between 1803 and 1847, and 120 or 130 years must elapse before the plantations will be available. The total receipts between 1803 and 1847 amounted to £18,361, tho expenditure to £32,173 ; leaving 'a deficit of £13,811. Last year’s reoeipts, £594; expenditure £642; deficit, £47. * 2. A lic e H o lt and W oolm er (H ants).—The former supplied no navy timber between 1325 and 1847, the latter none between 1803 and 1847. Mr. Brown advises that Wool­ mer Forest should besolJ, the land being “ generally of so poor a character that trees will not under the most favourablo circumstances of management ever become of more than se­ condary value upon it, and that no expenditure of capital upon it would make a profitable return." The aggregate re­ ceipts have been £206,721; the expenses, £117,371; surplus, £89,350. For the last year, receipts, £2,338 ; expenditure, £1,828 ; surplus, £510. No timber supplied to the navy in the course of that year. 3. Berh F orest (H ants).— No navy timber supplied be­ tween 1823 and 1847, aud none iu the course of last year. In fact, there is “ very little fit.” Aggregate receipts, £45,957; expenses, £61,521; deficit, £15,564. For last year, receipts, £1681; expenses £1,071; surplus, £509. 4 .'W h ittlb w o o d and S alcey Forests (N o rth am pto n and Buoks).— No navy timber supplied between 1834 and 1847. Borne obtained from the former, but none from the latter, in the course of last year. Aggregate receipts, REPRESENTATION OF HASTINGS. THK ELECTION. llasriftOfl, W bdne i'AT. M ay 10.—Tho election of Ma fenrM for tlx' to*n and port of Hasting**’ toi^c place this Inatihfft having hn»M i imcoUmJ in a large field tOMMilnio!' ’ 1 * the CantU Hotel. At tho general elec- i, i, .i M M H i. Muftk*ato B rim and Mr. P. Robertson wrr« ret ifier a >linrp OOBtOi l. •« tho representatives for the borough, and • * •charge their duties until a few weoka bo fore Ea*irr, when Mr. Ilrisco announced to his oouatitu^nta that, on • • ' ng health, he felt compelled to restore to them the t»u*t they had committed to him. Home delay took « e in the utual formal accep­ tance of the Chi I tern Hundred » , aud one reiult has been that the honourable gentleman i m n t • pared to witness the election of his succcator. Mr. llrneo died somewhat unex­ pectedly yesterday afternoon, the immediate cause of death being disease of the heart* When Mr. Brisco's intention of i*»igning became known, three candidates started, all of them being inhabitants of the district—vis., Mr. William Orake, Mr. J. Locke, and Mr. Frederick North, and a strong contest wan anticipated. On Monday eveniug Mr. Crake mado known to his friends that it was not his intention to go to tho poll. Mr. Charles Clift, the Mayor, presided over to-day's proceedings, which ho introduced with tho usual prelimi­ nary legal forms. Mr. Soritens, banker, came forward, and expressed his deep regret that circumstance# had rendered the present election neoeaaary, for although be differed from Mr. Brisco in political matters, he had alwaya entertained the highest regard for him. Tho independent electors of Hastings could not have but fclt that during the la«i two years they had been uurepreaeutod in the Houao of Commons. The mem­ ber* who wore returned in 1 Mil had certainly not voted as the great bulk of tb o eleolorv wiahed. For the first five etui after the Reform Hill IU«littjc« had two Liberal mem- f o r th e n e x t fifteen yeara it had one; and during tbe I . i ' l ' J . V W V . -------------------------- I win laat two year* it had beiv. iupreaented by two Tories. Il wm Inch t ine Hint Med' » Ntate of things should be put an end to|heai, lo af, and no, no|. He begged to propose as a fU and proper peinott to repr**ont the borough Mr. Frederick North, ol IU-dtt»gn lodg", a ho had been three time* its member [oUeera). Mr. W ao n h ii, In aeo*»t« ling the nomination, expressed a bope tbat ly In that borough, but throughout tho country, members would l>e returned who would support the preaent Government in their attempts to defend the peace and civilisation of Europe. Contrary to general expootation no other candidate «rn* brought forward, and Mr. North waa declared duly elected. Mr. N ohtii came forward to return thanks, and a as warmly received. He said ho hail come forward as a candi­ date with very considerable reluctance, for he was fond ol his farm and country pursuits, aud was not very fond of Westminster. The experience of three parliaments had led him to that feeling. Ho had appeared amongst them solely from couaiderations of public duty. His great motto in political life had been progress ; for he entertained tho con­ viction that, if the people of this cnuntry did not go forward, they must inevitably go bank. He should therefore do all | in his power to promote an amelioration of the social and in­ tellectual condition of the great mass of the population while he had a seat iu Parliament. In days gone by he had I always avoided, as tnuch as possible, being an attachi of any 1 party, preferring to take an independent course ; but, upon the presentoccasion, he had no heaitation in avowing that ho | should go to Parliament with a determination to give his most unqualified support to her Majowty's present advisers. ! He would almost go so fat as to say that he would support the present Government even against his own convictions 1 rather than that they should bo disturbed in the present I critical state of public atTaim. llo rejoiced to be able to nay ‘ that at length they appeared to have succeeded in putting down bribery in that town, lie had been elected free of expense—at least, the expemu » he had inourred were such as I might legitimately go before a committee of the House of Commons, llo thought the borough would now regain the character which it was in danger of losing, for practices had been encouraged there which, if not constituting bribery, came very close upon it [hear, hear, and laughter]. Refer­ ring to the present state of adVim, ho might observe that the country waA in a fearful oonditiou, and it was impossible to say what might happen. It waa not a very small thing that wo had to bear the infliction of a double income tax, and an increased duty on malt. On this latter point he spoke feel- j inglv, for he was a barley grower himself [laughter]. It was very probable that, before the end of next year, we should have to consent to tho imposition of new and still heavier taxes ; for tho object of tho Government in carrying on the war was not merely to rescue Turkey, but to support civiliza­ tion and liberty throughout the world [hear, hear]. Tho Emperor of Russia's government was the very worst part of the Tory principle, and, in opposing him, the Governmeut would strengthen and extend the liberal cause. The honour- able gentleman concluded by again returning his thanks for the honour the electors had conferred upon him. There was no chairing, no band, flags, or procession. Out of respect for Mr. Hrisco, it was resolved that there should bo none of the noisy demonstrations of feeling which are usual upon such occasions. Konoiav* w i suffice to prove a groat increase of educational provision rtiib*r<| ie«t to 1818. The population between 1818 and 1833 had !< • aaaed by nearly 24 per cent., while during that inter?«i I he n umber of day scholars had increased by 89 pe* •«t,, and that of Sunday scholars 225 per e»*i 1’p to this period the whole that had born aeeew |4uh* I in the work of popular educatiou was the fruit J * ill* ralltj excited by religious zeal, principally through Medium of the two groat societies, the British and H • ’ »*•..In 1833 the first Government grant was matte «• *11100111 of £ 20,000, which was continued an­ nually Ult U #e year 1839. But during this period no dcfiuite •dee Mftai o hate been prevalent as to the niodo in which the aea» *» ».f the Htate should be exerted, and the Govcrn- intiit, M a i perplexed between tho two great parties, could do • 4 more than share tbe annual grant between them. - u \ m the duty of administering these parliamentary fati<u • «a if anaferred from the Treasury to the Committee of Plrlvf i*unotion Kduoation. 0 \ autounly, the amount of tho annual sum assigned for ed aoatl .1 , was increased ; from 1839 to 1841 inclusive, it wa» ' *e*i at £30,000: £40,000 was allowed for 1842 3 4 ;and th# a«t Mentations subsequently have raised it up to £ 75,000 iu • . i a 100,000 in 1846 and‘1847 ; £125,000 iu 1848-9 50 ; AIM u* ie 1851-2 ; and £260,000 in 1853. I he total amount of public money granted from 1833 to the end i- f 1850 was, as nearly as possible, £1,000,000 ; ar.d ti.* portion expended in that interval was about A ’TMJ.OIP None of this was given towards the ex{>ense of im* • ».-bools, but cither towards the cost of buildings - I > • «h*r put chase of school apparatus—or in aid of tbcsala- riea d e!ke«nit maatcrs, mistresses, and teachers. Prior to H#aerrr, no grants were made for any purposes except in * H i af building a oh 00 Is and in aid of normal schools. Part *t> appropriated to Scotland. Of the £500,0Q0 spent, be- ta*»* I * JI9 50, Mpott English schools, £405.000 was contri- kitted m i • h..0I1 connected with tbe Established Church ; the ot*.#. «|»i.omlnations receiving— Weslcyans, £ 8.000 ; and Il n. 1 m \ ImiIios, £1,049. The British and Foreign School 8 <«Mf - rived £51,000, and the workhouse schools, 1 . 1 1 pi arcd tho well-known minutes which now form thft ' ef th present system of Government aid to edu- eatlee. Mean •thile tho efTect of tho abortive measure of 1^ 1 bft4 led up two additional agents amongst the Dis- »* »<•. 1.amely, tho Congregational Board of Education a J it. ^ otitary HolioolSociety. Amongst other notioe- a a iritfH •vvmenta lending to increase the facilities for edu* . .t. .i aro the eatablishment, in 1836,of the Home and Co* i» a 1 (Mieol Hocioty, and the ragged-school movement of !•••» 1 eara. In the department of Sunday schools, the chief I .1 a^ement was given by the formation of the Sunday- e4*oI Union In 1802. toparing the present position of education with the past, and dealing ouly with totals :— " It appears as to day schools that while in 1818 there waa a •* holar for every 17*25 persons, and in 1833 a scholar for e*r.f 11*27 persons, in 1851 there was a scholar for every nations ; aud as to Sunday schoo's it appears that while 1M H t hero was oue Sunday scholar for every 24*40 persons ami m 1833 0110 scholar to every 9 28 persons, in 1851 thore waft one ftoholar to every 7'45 persons. The increase be- tar« * 1318 and 1851 was, of day scholars, 218 per ccnt. and .f * • nday neholars 404 per cent. ; while the increase of po- p •i. in wan but 54 per cent.” H » far then the rate of progress has been satisfactory, and II « pr irreea is all the more encouraging from the fact, that tl>p r «. >at»i |K>rtion of it must have been effected among the wovklhf elaaeei. The number ot scholars 111 W l C k i t f N U I l U U m U C I i i ^ v u 1 | a m i-f makes the average annual expense of each to be 14*. 6d. If it can be assumed that the income of the remaining 4.834 schools was the same per scholar as that of the above 5,761, the total annual income of the whole 10,595 schools in Class 3 having 1,048,851 scholars, will be £760,218 ; and if the 2,113 schools belonging to religious bodies—which have been placed amongst ' Endowed Schools’ in CIa*a 2—bo taken into ac­ count, the total income will be £960,188 for 1,188,786 scholars.* The following are the sources of this income :— Permanent endowment, £25,779, or 6d. per scholar; volun­ tary contributions, £176,340, or 7s. 2d. per scholar ; grants from Government, £42,004, or lOd. per scholar ; payments by other scholars, £259,135, or 4s. lid . per scholar ; other sources, £56,900, or Is. ld. per scholar. Total, £760,218, or 14s. 6d. per scholar. •* The number of teachers is returned for 8,232 of the schools of religious bodies. Iu these there arc 44,167 teacher (2*2,176 males and 21,991 females) thus composed, viz., 14,858 general tcachors (5,902 masters and 9.956 mis­ tresses), 8.312 paid monitors aud pupil-tcachers (4.418 males aud 3,894 females), and 20,997 unpaid teachers (11,856 males aud 9 141 females). These teachers instruct 875,238 scholars (484,112 males and 391,126 females).” The following table shows most concisely the number of schools and the scholars in connection with the different religious bodies D kxomikatioxal. Church of England............. Church of 8ooUand............. United Presbyterian Church Presbyterian Church in Eng­ land .................... Scottish Presbyterians......... Presbyterians .................... Independents .................... Baptists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. Society of F riends............ Unitarians Moravians Wesleyan Methodists......... Methodist New Connection.. Primitive Methodists......... Bible Christians ................ Wesleyan Association......... Calvinistic Methodists .... Lady Huntingdon's Connec­ tion ...................I New C hurch....................... Dissenters ..««••••.*... .. Isolated Protestant Congre­ gations Lutherans French Protestants............ German Mission................... Roman Catholics.................. Jews...................... Undenominational. British.*.................. Others . . . ................ Schools. Scholars. Schools. 1 Scholar*. 10,605 1,048,851 12,708 1,188,786 8,571 801,607 10,655 929,474 5 946 6 946 S 217 3 217 2,447 28 2,723 1 345 1 346 7 1,821 13 2,030 431 47,406 453 50,186 116 8.666 131 9,390 23 2,247 33 2,026 30 3.7S0 39 4,306 7 366 7L 366 363 30,764 381 41,144 13 1,815 14 1,861 25 1,297 26 1,342 8 367 * 367 10 1,118 11 1,176 41 2,314 44 2,929 9 644 » 10 714 9 1,661 9 1,651 43 5,392 49 6,805 14 1,144 14 1,144 1 157 2 221 1 16 1 15 1 100 2 116 311 38.68S 339 41,382 10 1,234 12 2,361 614 82,697 614 82,697 4 1,062 4 1,662 VMS ANOVNT OP IDOCATIOJf, AND THU AMOUNT RE­ QUIRED. The i« jiort then proceeds to the question of how many out * ( Dio p pulation, which ou the 31st March, 1851, amounted to 17,¥-7,609, ought to have been at school on that day. After considering tile various causes which keep children a«ay fi »in school—namely, tbe sick, those educated at home, and thoso whose labour is valuable, and other impe­ dimenta, it is at once perceivod that the present stan­ dard it considerably below what it ought to be. After the-e deductions the result appears to be that— 1 The number of children in England and Wales of an age appropriate to school instruction (say from three to fifteen) U 4,904,696; from which must be deducted, as unable, on a < oount of occupation, serious illness, or domestic education, to belong to day schools, 1,245,435 ; leaving a residue of 3,(43,2dl, with respect to whom there is apparently no rea- a.m other than the parents* pleasure why they should not be at aehool. Allowing the parents' discretion to be reasonable, ehile the child is under tho age of five and after it haa panaed tho age of twelve, there yet remain as many as 968,557 children between live and twelve whose aUenoo from the school-books cannot be explained by either illness, occupation, professional home iuBtruc- tion, or legitimate excuse of parents. Further ; it appears that aome of the existing sohools are inefficient—ill adapted for their purpose; so that, to have made the state of things uf 1851 completely satisfactory, thore should liave been A largo majority of the Church of England schools are supported by the Committee of Council 011 Education and National Society :— 9i In 1846, tho society undertook an extensive investigation into the state of Churcn education in the country ; and the facts collected showod that the number of Church day schools then existing was 17,015, with 955,865 scholars. Of this number of schools, 6,798 were reported as connected with the society, containing 526,754 scholam. Tho numbers, ac­ cording to the present census, are 10,555 schools and 9*29,474 scholars ; of which 3,995 schools, having 493,876 scholars, are said lobe national sohools. 0 * * The amount and sources of income of Church schools are returned for 4,546 schools, containing 472,372 scholars. The total amount for these schools is stated at £341,752 for the year 1850, which gives an average income of 14s. 5d. per scholar. The sources of this income were— permanent endowment, £13,240 ; voluntary contributions, £179,765 ; grants from Government, £18,132; payments by scholars, £103,264; other sources, £27,351. If this proportion were applied to the whole number of Church schools and scholars in C1a?s III., the total amount of annual income would be £579,875 ; to which must be added about £182,876 for the endowed Church schools in Class I I . ; making an aggregate of £762,742. This, however, must be a very inadequate view of the amount raised by the Church of England in support of elementary education; for the returns published by the National Society in 1846-7 show a total amount of £874,948.” Of the other religious bodies the Independents or Congre- gationalists occupy the first place, and the income of the Congregational Board of Education was nearly £160,000 from December, 1843, to April, 1853. The next body, the Wesleyan Methodists, it is stated, cannot have raised more than £207,000 since 1840. The income of 243 of their day schools out of t b e total 363, was in 1850, £23,866, including 1,862 Government grants. 8 ince March, 1851, 77 other Wesleyan schools for 13,306 scholars have bceu estab­ lished* The Koman Catholics stand fourth on t h e lis t , and the income of 108 of their schools for whioh returns were made was, in 1850, £10,892. The Bap­ tists are the only other important body, and they are generally adverse to denominational education. The p r o v i s i o n m a d e b y t h o o t h e r b o d i e s is c o m p a r a t i v e l y C a v a u , • M a y o , L i m c r i c k , a n a M i g o r e a p e m r T h e t o t a l s u m r e a l i s e d b y t h e d a y ’s s a l e s £ 3 2 , 6 3 0 . A d v a n ce in t o e P r ic e op W h is k y .— T h e » Reporter o f y e s t e r d a y s a y s : — 44 T h e d i s t i l l e i C o r k h a v e t h i s d a y f i x e d t h e p r i c e o f w h i s k B s . 2 d . p e r g a l l o n , b e i n g o u l y a u a d v a n c e o f 6 d g a l l o n . T h e d i s t i l l e r s , i t w i l l b e s e c u , h a v r d u c e d t h e s h o r t p r i c e b y 4 d . ” N a t io n a l E d u c a tio n .— O f t h e Poor-law u i o f I r e l a n d 1 4 2 h a v e t h e i r s c h o o l s i n c o n n e c t i o n t h e N a t i o n a l B o a r d ; o i n o n ^ t w l n r h is tilt ? > D u b l i n . T w e n t y - o n e u n t o u t art not ( Q O i w i t h t h e h o a r d , a n d o f M u m » m 1 s u r h 1 >n |»I P u b lic W o rk s in Bki,faht.-~ I II «t<l t>f \ s i o n t h e p a r t o f t h e G o v e r n m e n t , l..i%< • a m t p t c o n t r a c t f o r t h e b u i l d i u g o f a C u o t < » m l» o tia « i P o s t - o f f i c e i n B e l f a s t . T h i n w ill Im *% \ m u n d e r t a k i n g , a n d w ill n o t h o c< m p l r t + 4 fiJ9>4| s i d e r a b l e p e r i o d , o w i u g t o t h e e x t e n s iv e t i f t M t h e w o r k . R um o ub e d Loss o f t h e 14th 1U ..i i i m v Limerick Reporter c o n t a i n s t h e f o l l o w i n g - 1 4 A rumour has prevailed within tho la>t few <!*)• effect that the 14th Regiment of Foot, lately iu tt„ I. garrison, and now en voyage to the wars in the r**t, « • off Cape Clear. We are happy in being enabUii t« . those who have credited the rumour, that them ia n4 in it ; and that the 14th, by this time, is likely tf readied its destination at Malta.’* T h e C a p titr k o f a R u s s ia h S n ip otttmii.k i — T h o f o l l o w i n g a c c o u n t o f t h e c a p t u r e o f t h o 6 i a n b a r q u e A r g o a p p e a r s i n t h o Cork Consti o f y e s t e r d a y : — “ On Thursday the revenue cruiser Eliz*, ( O'Malley, put to sea to watch Russian vessels that inij into the channel. On Saturday she fell in *ith a line ] barque of 580 tonB, called tho Argo, commanded by ( Steinman, which he ran alongside and declared a wa She c*me into Queenstown 011 Saturday evening w British ensign flying above the Russian Aug. Tester waa taken ia charge by Collector Cassell, the 1 Marshal of England, and her papers were hande to John Besnard, Esq., J.P ., prixe commissioner, 1 John Bennett, prieo actuary. It appear? the belongs to Abo, on the coast of Fiuland ; that her and crew are Finlanders ; that she sailed from Mats the 1st April, with a cargo of molasses consigned firm of John Kirkland and Sons, Liverpool, and t was to call at Queenstown for orders. The mayor at Besnard, Esq., J.P ., pri«c commissioners, aud Mr. J actuary, will hold a court this day, and take evidence swer to queries furnished by the Government, and documents will be forwarded to London, where the will be marie as to whether tho vessel and cargo 1 dealt with aa priae. The erew for tbe present re mail tody on board the barque." R om an C a tu o lio M e e tin g in B e lp a s M o n d a y e v e n i n g a n u m e r o u s m e e t i n g o f C a t h o l i c s w a s h e l d i n t h e T h e a t r e , B e l f a s t , 44 t e s t a g a i n s t t h e b i g o t t e d a n d i n t o l e r a n t a i m a d e t o p e r s e c u t e t h e C a t h o l i c c o u v e n t u a l i s h m e n t a i u t h e U n i t e d K i n g d o m , ” T h e c b t a k e n b y J o s e p h M a g i l ) , E s q . A n u m b e r 0 l u t i o n s w e r e p r o p o s e d , s e c o u d e d , a n d o a r r i o c c l a m a t i o n , p l e d g i n g t h e m e e t i n g t o o p p o s e t l i a m e u t a r y e n a c t m e n t s s o u g h t t o b e c a r r e f f e c t i u r e s p e c t t o c o n v e n t u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n l G a v a z z i’s L e c tu re s .— O u M o n d a y M . d e l i v e r e d a l e c t n r e i n Y o r k - s t r e e t I u d e m e e t i n g - h o u s e . T h e c h a i r w a s o c c u p i e d 1 t e n a n t - C o l o n e l L e w i s . T h e s u b j e c t o f t h e w a s , t h a t 4 4 N u n n e r i e s a r e a n t i - s c r i p t u n C h r i s t i a n , a n d c o n t r a r y t o B r i t i s h i n s t i t G a v a z z i d e l i v e r e d h i s s e c o n d l e c t u r e y e s t e r d ; i n g , o n 14 T h e B i b l e a n d e d u c a t i o n , t h e oi g u a r d a g a i n s t t h e p r e t e n s i o n s o f t h e C h R o m e i n G r e a t B r i t a i n . ” D u b lin C orn Exchanqe, M ay 9.—The only we have to report in the currencies of home-grown our market since Friday is in Oats, which must be 1 to 6d. cheaper. Indian Corn met rather an inij mand at a small advance. White wheat, 40s. to ditto, 39*4. to 42s.; griuding barley. 16s, 6d. to 1 ing ditto, 21s. to 22a. od.; oats, 15s. 6d. to 17k. 6<l. oatmeal, 16s. 6d. to 18s. ; bakers' flour, 22s. to 27». Indian corn, 39s, to 43s. per 480tl»*. D u b lin Stock and S h a rk M a r k e t.— 8alcs ya Three per Cent. Consols, 86% ; ditto for Act June, 86^4, % ; Three-and-a-Qiurter per Cent. St ditto for Account, 9th June, 87%, 87 ; National 24 ; Lackamore Copper Mine, ]&. The remains of the Rev. Dr. Claxson were in Wednesday morning in tho eastern cloister of Cathedral. The service was partly choral, the M 1 diam 9 9 being chanted, and Handel’s anthem “ Sir came death ” sang. About thirty of the clergy t r i c t w e r e p r e s e n t , f o u r o f w h o m b o r e t h e
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