The Morning Chronicle, Thursday May 11th 1854

ITIE MORNING CHRONICLE. THURSDAY. MAY 11, 1854. PARLIAMENTARY BUSINESS. H O U S E OF COMMONS- T h is D a y . O rders op the D at. Stannaries Court (No. 2) Bills—Second reading. Highways (District Surveyors) Bill—Second reading. Gaminghouses Bill—Second reading. Witnesses Bill—Committee. Oxford University Bill—Committee. Church Building Acts Amendment Bill—Committee. Manning the Navy Bill—Second reading. Navy Pay, a& c., Bill—Second reading. Railway and Canal TralUc ltcgulatUn Bill—As amended, to be considered. Ways and Means—Report. N otices op Motions. Mr. Wilson Patten—That the staudin? order of the house, made ou the 22d day of February la*t, t> e suspendedv in reference to tl.e petition for the Tees Conservancy B ill; anil that leave be given to briatf in the bill, and to read the same a first time. Colonel Harcourt—To ask the President of the Poor-law Board, whether there Is anything in the law as it now stauds, or iu the orders of the Poor-law Commissioners, to prevent the guardians of the poor from giving, If they think flt, out-door relief to the desti­ tute wife and child of any soldier, sailor, or marine in her Majesty's service. To ask whether six women per company being th* number who,with their families, are by the regulations of the army permitted to embatk with their husbands on foreign service, the Government will ob|ect to grant to those of that number who have been prevented from going out on the present occasion by the exigencies of the service, the same allowance of half rations for the women, and quarter rations for the children, which they would hove had if they had gone out. Mr. Thomas Karmic—'To a*k the Chancellor of the Exchequer whether he will state the amount subscribed for Ihc Exchequcr- bonds described ai Bond A, payable at par on the 3th May, 1$X »8, up t« two o'clock ou the 8th instant; distinguishing the amount of subscription payable in money aud that payable in Exchequer* bills ; and whether the deposit of 10 per cent, was paid before two o'clock on the Stli Inst, ou the whole amount so subscribed, aud, if not, what was the extent of the deficiency. Also, whether any subscriptions have been accepted for the bond B, ending on 8th May, I860, and for the boud C, ending on 8th May, 1860 ; and, if so, to what extent for each description. Mr. Miles—To ask the Secretary of State for the Homo Depart­ ment, wheu it is his intention to introduce his bill for the estab­ lishment of a general county police, of which ho has given notice. To ask the Secretary of Stato for the Home Department, when it is his intention to introduce his bill tor encouraging voluntarily established industrial reformatories for criminal children,of which he has given notice. Mr. Portal—To present a petition from the inhabitants of Fy- field, in Hampshire, complaining of the manner iu which the |»atronage of the rectory of that parish, in the gift of the Lord Chancellor, has le^n of late years disposed o f; and to call the atten­ tion of Lord John Ku>ssll and the U nder-Secrctary for the Colonies to the subject. Mr. Adderley—Beer and Spirits—Th"t this house do resolve iUelf into a committee to consider the laws regulating the sale of beer and spirits. Mr. Hume—Slave Trade (Cuba)—Address for copies or extracts of the correspondence between the Spaaish Government and her Majesty's Government, respecting the abolition of the slave trade to, and respecting any modification of the slave trade within, the Island of Cuba, since the report of the select committee of 1 8 5 3 . Mr. Hume—Commissariat—Return showing the total number of ofllcora and subordinate persons of the commissariat establish­ ment employed at each separate post at the several stations enu­ merated in the return laid before the select committee on army and ordnance expenditure, for each of the yearn 1851, 1$5*2. and 1853, (in continuation of return, No. 152, page 1098, of the report printed the 1st day of August, 1850); and showing, also, in addi­ tion, for the same years, the number of rations issued by the com­ missariat, the amount of force, and the total cost of the commis­ sariat establishment at each post for each of the same years, in parallel columns. Mr. Stanley—That the petition of George Hearsou [presented 27th February last], be printed in full with the votes, portions only having been printed by the public petitions committoo. Mr. Digby Seymour— Liberty of the Subject—Bill to at«end the act 5 (S George III., c. 100, for better sccuriug the liberty of the subject. Mr. Fitzroy—Select committee on Divorce Bills—Mr. Sotheron, Sir John Yards Buller, Sir John Pakiuirton, Mr. Walpole, Mr. Head- lam, Mr. Bonham-Carter, Mr. Robert Phillimore, Mr. Vernon Smith, and Mr. Freahfleld. The Lord Advocate—Sherifffe of Chancery (Scotland)—That the house do resolve iu>elf into a committee to consider of the introduc­ tion of a hill to provide for payment of the salaries of the shoritT and sheriff clerk of Chancery, in Scotland. Mr. Frcwcn—Return iu a tabular form of the expenses in con­ nection with Lewes Gaol. lu committee on Oxford University Bill—Sir W. Heathcote, Mr. Rotindell Palmer, Mr. Mowbray, Mr. Granville Vernon, Mr. Wal­ pole, Mr. Blackett, Mr. Horsman, Mr. Apsley PcNat-t, Mr. Ewart, Mr. VVigram, Mr. Ileywood, Mr. Hume, Mr. Keating, Mr. Phinn, Mr. Wise, and Mr. Gonlhum, to move amendments ; Mr. Bowyer, Mr Chancellor of the Exchequer, and Mr. Phinn, to move clauses. On consideration of Railway and Canal Traffic Regulation Bill— Mr. Oliveira, to move a clause. i THE MALT TAX. HOUSE OF COMMONS—TrESDAT. Kiflh resolution read a second time :—" 5 . That, towards raising a supply granted to her Majesty, there shall bo charged, raised, Ivvicu, collected, and paid, upon the several goods and commo­ dities hereinafter mentioned and described, tho several duties if excise respectively specified and set forth, that is to say— Mult: For aud upon every bushel imperial standard measure, »ud so in proportion for any greater or less quantity of malt, which after the 8th day of Slarch, 1854. shall be made in any I art of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, from barley or any other corn or grain (except malt made for koine consumption in Scotland and Ireland respectively from bear or bigg only), or which after the said day shall be brought from • Scotland into England or Ire- Isnd without a certificate from the proper officer that it hath paid the full duty of excise imposed thereon by law, or which after the M aid day »hall be brought from Ireland into England V _ * ' f,‘,‘ ••'•'v ..f in | i* * 1 1 < .f THE RO YAL FORESTS.—No. L To t u k EDITOR o f t h b M ORNING CHRONICLE. S i r — When a late eminent conveyancer, having occupicd the Court of Chaucery for a week or two with some abstruse point of legal lore, announced one afternoon that, with his lordship's permission, he would resume bis argument the next day, Lord Eldon meekly replied that he would prefer devoting the short remainder of bis life to considering what had already been said. Mr. Drummond, as unmerciful as t!*e learned counsel, has now obtained a select committee, ** to inquire into the present management and condition of the Crown forests in England, with a view of ascertaining the responsibility of the present commissioners, and whether it would be for tho public interest that some of tho smaller forests should be sold, as being unfit for the growth of tim­ ber for her Majesty's navy/* Tnose who hsvo endeavoured to avail themselves of the information already accessible might, perhaps, be disposed to join iu Lord Eldou*>i deprecation of further inflictions; and it would really be well, if the usages of Parliament per­ mit, that some honourable member should move, by way of instruction to the committee, that they inquire and report to the house how many persons, and who, by name and ad­ dress, have read any, and which, of tiie following publics tions :— Kvport of Committee ef 1847-8, 1,000 pages and upwards. Report of Committee of 1849, 900 „ „ Thirty-first Report of Woodland Forests, 600 „ It is true tiial the last-mentioned document does uot r < - late exclusively to the subject in question ; but, on the othei hand, there are several, not here enumerated, which have within the la*t few years contributed to the edification of those interested In the matter. In the course of tho present session a Blue-book ot moderate dimensions has already made its appearnnce, and now we are to have another com­ mittee, and no doubt another bulky report, published I pre­ sume with tho same design which induced Martial to write his epigram :— “ Ne togs cordylis, no ra&nufa desit olivis, Aut inopem metuat sordida bfatta fumem.” Paper is, I believe, already rising in price in consequence? of tho war, and Messrs. Hansards' bargain with their twelve guinea subscribers will turn out less profitable than may have been anticipated, if such a repot t as that of 1847-8, with its 32 expensive illustrations, be thrown into the con­ tract. Some good, however, might result if these Blue-books were—as they ought to be—charged against the land reve. rine. for then our profit and loss account, though not more pleasing, would be more correct, and the conclusion to 1 e drawn would be, if possible, more obvious than it is. There is, however, another emission of far greater importance in the reports annually presented to Parliament, and it is this, that no sufficient entries are made to the debit of the concern for expenses of management. As to the sa­ laries of woodmen and foresters, no doubt they are duly re­ corded, and so aro the fees paid to professional men for cor­ recting past blunders, and suggesting future improvements i but who will estimate the value of the time and attention given by the Treasury and its officers to petty and vexatious details? If only the fees allowed to an attorney on taxation were charged, there would be a bill of some magnitude sent in by that office at the end of tho year. Surely, too, it is somewhat hard, anti not, on the whole, conducive to the public interest, that the Chancellor of tho Exchequer should be obliged to give his personal attention to a controversy about “ the employment of Mr. Brown,” as a sort of super­ visor to assist tho Woods and Forests iu controlling mal­ content subordinates. It is impossible to say how many blue books might have to be got up be. fore a satisfactory judgment on the 'point at issue could be formed, but probably the high functionary in question would have preferred spending his Christmas vacation iu some other manner. If, however, the nation is to set up as a dealer in “ timber, bark, faggots, &c.,** uo doubt the shop must be duly attended to, and that not only by journeymen and apprentices, but also by thoso whose duty it is to overlook their proceedings. Mr. Drummond's motion does not expressly distinguish “ the smaller forests'* from tho greater, but probably wo shall noterrif we assign to the former class, New Forest with New Park Farm, and Dean Forest with High Meadow Woods ; and the latter will then consist of Alice Holt, Woolmer, Ben, Parkhurst, |Whi ttlewood, Salcey, Delamere, Wychwood, Hainault, and Epping Forests, with Cliigwell Wood. The buUr ¦utomout tho aggregate receipts £ 142,5o9; expenses, £83,450; surplus. £59,059. Last year’s receipts, £5,255 ; expenses, £2,646 ; surplus, £2,009. 5. D kla.MHRE Forest (Ch b sh irk).—No navy timber sup­ plied between 1803 aud 1847, and none in the last year. Aggregate receipts, £33,523; expenses, £78,936; deficit, £45,412. List year’s receipts, £3,542; expenditure, £2,821; surplus, £721. 6. W ychwood F orkst (O x fo rd s h ire ).— No timber tup- p ied between 1834 and 1847, but 2,434 loads of oak in the last year. Aggregate receipts, £43,124; expenses, £21,80$ ; surplus, £21,261. Receipts of last year, £3,902; expense*, £2,003; surplus, £1,899. 7. W a lth a m F orest (Essix).— No navy timber supplied between 1810 and 1847. Aggregate receipts, £39,029 ; ex­ penses, £24,692; surplus, £14,437. Receipts of last year, £35 ; expenses, £732; deficit, £097. 8. C u o pw b llW o o d s(D u rh am ).—Nonavytimbersnpplled between 1803 aud 1847, and none in the last year. Aggregate receipts, £23,887 ; aggregate expenses, £25,896; deficit, £2,008. In 1852 the Treasury were strongly impressed with the opinion that the 6*le of these woods was tho most proper course to be adopted, but gave way to the representations mado by the commissioner in chsrgc. Last year, receipt*, £1,400; expenses, £725; surplus, £(>75. Recapitulating the several items so as to show the balance of profit and loas between 1803 and 1847, we shall have thd following results :— SURPLUS. Alice Holt and Woolmer............................. Whittle wood and Salcey Wychwood Waltham £89.350 59,059 21,201 14,437 £184,107 From this total must bo deducted payments by receivf* on account of Whittle wood and Salcey Forests, £770 ; and in respect of Wychwood Forest £7,586, the exp<n»e« of a lawsuit with Lord Churchill, the ranger. Subtri ing these items, the surplus will be reduced to £175,7M. The total defioit will be :— Paikhurst Be re Ddlamerc Chop well Woods > e • a e e • e e • e * e e e e e e • e e •• t ••?••••#•••••« a • • • a •••••••( £13,811 15,564 45,412 2,04*8 £76,7W To this deficit must be added £2,195, for “ payment* bf receivers ot land revenue n in respect of Delamere FVfret, which raises it to £78,990. The account, therefore, e*l| finally stand thus:— Surplus .......................................... £175,751 j Deficiency ............................................ 73,990 Net surplus ....................... £90,701 Dividing this by 44, it will appear that the clear in ^ e e f Parkhurst, Alice Holt, Woolmer, Bere, Whittlewood, « «|« Delaniere, and Waltham Forests, with Chopwell W *«*!§, averaged £2,200 per annum, during the period betw< 1*4 and 1847. It is also to be noticed that there is not o*# ft* rest, large or small, upon which the expenditure wan nul •* lhe average more than one half of the gross receipts, *•> I tiial there are very few in which the percentage was so tin a s I fear that these dry details will possess little in* «•».•! f..» your readers, but I cannot help thinking that thoew •!»# take the trouble of looking through them will need n < « (W f argument to convince them that it cannot bedc*u*»u f»# the country to retain property the expenses of win i. Me# for a long series of years been so enormous iu prop* ’!+ •*» |* its annual returns. Parliamentary reform lias h*.». wisely postponed, lest it should divide our council a . I iu tract our energies. A woods and forests reform | bolievo, not only iucrease our national resources, but at* public officers who might be useful elsewhere, but ele »<*» not manage property of this description as tcoooiuW+Uf as efficiently as private purchasers would, if it |.m* I -»(• their hands. I could have wished, therefore, that it* • M | * ject had been taken up by the Government rather t» • i » individual member, and I trust it will be ao at i.< . { period. If Mr. Drummond’s committee enter into «l some disputes between the commissioner in eherp forests and bis subordinates, or set to work to artol tween the professional gentlemen called in on earl, » task will bf a laborious one; but if they are only t« «• whether it would be for the public inter oat that »ui| smaller forests should be sold,” I belieto they n»aj ai satisfactory conclusion without examining a alngl# m aud by merely reading the document* at pre*ant ant* • I.;, r iTAnna# to male* further «i*o on ft fuluia M N | | | EDUCATION in ENGLAND and WALES. The repert of the Census Commissioners on the educational establishment* of England and Wales, and the progress ol education, together with other statistics relating to this im­ portant subject, has just been printed. Tho report itself is most comprehensive, and the copious tables and appeudices annexed to it make its length very considerable. Tho report states at the commencement that the difficulties encountered in prosecuting the inquiry were considerable, inasmuch as, owing to delay iu giving an authoritative interpretation to an ambiguous section of the act, it was deemed advisable to continue tho extensive preparations which had been already made on a purely voluntary basis'* with respect to the filling up ef tho returns. The course pursued was upon that principle, and 30,610 enumerators de li\ered schedules of tho questions to upwards of 70,000 head of schoels. When the returns were delivered, it appeared that in many cases no information had been given :— Stated summarily, the result of the inquiry is, that . I_____f t • • “ -- - -- — s , ' M ‘ ' oe" kcr W ‘'| ! 831 sho uld h,'LVfl h .n u fsvn.w! — t — -----flp * •»*> - t- ‘ I mi-* n •** * S (i ___ . . . . « J 1 ^ ’ turns have been received from 44,836 day schools (15,411 public and 29,425 private), from 23,137 Httuday schools, from 1,545 evening schools fur adult*, and froiu^ 1,057 lite­ rary, scientific, and mechanics* institutions. Batin addition to the above number of schools, from which returns were received, tho lists supplied by tho enumerators make men­ tion of 1,2<)6 other day schools (107 public and l.Oki private) and 377 other Sunday schools, from which no returns were procurable. If we assumo that each of these last-named schools contained, upon au average, as many scholar* as did •ach of the schools which made returns, the ulimatc result of a _ -j POPULAR EDUCATION. After this brief summary by way of introduction, the report proceeds to trace tho progress of popular education, which it describes as almost entirely the creation of the pre­ sent century. Comparison, as the cotumiaaioners observe, is scarcely possible between tho groups of gambling, swearing children, whom Kaikos, of Gloucester, in 1781, with difficulty collected at the first Sunday-sohool,and the 2,400,000 scholars who now gather with alacrity, aud even w it h*a fleet ion, round their 318,000 teachers. In oontaaiplaling the varioVA Ipoeiofl which have brought about ih'ahappy f>§Qll»by which the habits of the people have been cunapii uoii«‘> improved, It is of course impossible to a*»ign to ea« h it* p tiv* share of influence, but agreat proportion i* attributable to the Holi­ day schools, which took precedence in the e<lnr«t. • % l v m . Religious bodies heartily embraced the plan, *i I i» > pUr«? < » f worship is without its Sunday school. Tn«» popular day rhoal epoch dates from 1796, when Jo»«'|»h Lam *at*r begau, lu hi* father’s house in Southwatk, t » in*tru< t the children of the poor. His scholars multiplied with rapidity, and ero ho was eighteen years old ho had ninety scholars; and before 1798 they reach**! a* .many as a thousand. In his perplexity how to supply the wants of such a number ho invented, or derived from Dr. Bell, the monitorial system, which, from its simplicity, acquired great favour. Lancaster at last became ao absorbed iu the idea of educating tho youth of Britain, that, although meeting with great success and patronage, from ardent and visionary temperament, and lack of wordly prudence, his affairs be- came embarrassed, and after many vicissitudes he departed fur America in 1818, after having become bankrupt. Three years, however, before ho quitted England, the development » f bis system had passed into other hands, tho result of ahicli was the foundation, in 1808, of the British and Fo- n iga 8chool Society, theu called the Hoya'i LaucaBtc- riau Institution, for Promoting the Education of the t'hi Id ran of the Poor. In 1792, Dr Bell, superintendent of the Military Orphan Asylum, mado an experiment • hich ultimately led to tho ostablishment, in 1811, of the National Socictj for Promoting the E Jucation of the Poor in the Principles of the Established Church. From this period the work of education advanced with rapidity. The earliest statistics of this progress are con­ tained in the Parliamentary return of 1818. At this timo the aumber of day schools, it appears, was 19,230, at which 674,883 scholars wore receiving education. This gives a pro­ portion of one iu 1725. The number of Sunday schools at this time was 5,463, at which 477,225 scholars attended, beiug a proportion to the number of the population of one in 24*50. The next parliamentary returns were made in 1833, and were probably deficient about 10 per cent. This enumeration gives the number of day schools at 38,971, and the number of aohoiars attending them at 1,276,947, or about _____.. ^ vvM aV V* VllVDC should have beeu found at more efficient schools. 1 1 This would establish a proportion of 16*8 per cent, of the total population ; 1*5 per cent, between three and five—1*6 per cent, between twelve and fifteen—aud 13*7 per ceut. be­ tween live aud twelve.’* T R A IN IN G OF TBACHBR8. 1 1 It has long b(cu obvious, to those who havo at heart the improved instruction of the people, that the most essential step towards the attainment of that end is tho improved con­ dition of the teacher. B »th the British and the National Societies, from the earliest period of their career, devoted much attention to the training of efficient teachers for tho schools connected with them. In 1818, tho former sent out forty-five teachers ; in 1828, nearly double, viz., eighty- seven ; in 1838, as many as 183; and iu 1852, but little ie*s, vi*., 163. The latter socicty as early as 1811 commeticcd a training institution, and it nowhas five such colleges con­ nected specially with itself, which send out yearly about 270 teachers. Since the formation of the Committee of Council on Education th^se colleges have greatly increased in number. At present there are about 40 in England and Wales, sus­ tained at an annual cost of about £90,000. Of these, 34 are connected with the Church of England, one belongs to tho British and Foreign School Society, one to the was --- I one Reman Catholics, one to the Wesleyan Methodists, one to tho Congregationalists, aud one to the Voluntary School Asso­ ciation. All of these, except the two laet mentioned, receive assistance from the Parliamentary grants. The sum ex­ pended from this source towards the building of these insti­ tutions has b^en about £120,000, out of a total cost of about £310,000. The training institution of the Congregationalism cost £12,000, contributed entirely from their own resources. The number of students who could be accommodated in the colleges is about 2,000 ; the cost of their education being computed at £50 per annum each for males, and £40 per annum for females. By the operation of the minutes of council of 1846 the Government sustaius a share of the ex­ pense in reference to two descriptions of such students. The tendency of these measures is to secure that the traiuing colleges, so far as they are under Government inspection, shall receive direct from the elementary schools a constant stream of students who havo given promise of ability and show'n an aptitude for leaching. Thus is being much acce­ lerated tho revolution which was gradually taking place in the monitorial system.” The number of teachers who had apprentices in 1851 1,173, and the number of such apprentices (pupil teacL was 5,G07. ESTIMATED EXPENDITURE. 1 I With respect to the expenditure required for the efficient education of the number of ohildron above supposed to be ablo to attend, the commissioner observes :— " It is not my purpose to form any estimate of the amount of work to tie accomplished In order to obtain efficient schools for the 3(01(»,4<J6children whom 1 have supposed to bo in a petition to attend, Htv James Kay Hbuttleworth computes that to provide ah education of the character contemplated by the n»iniiU>a of 1B40 for 1,83(1,M2 acho'arv In public school* of religious bodies would rvoulr* a hiUl annual sum of £2,800,845 (eaoluaiv« of the coat of new aohool building*), or au Increaac on the present annual e*|>endlturo of £1,844,2(15. Ho question can exlat that, wbataoeter bo tho standard of efficiency to which it may he doomed dosirablo to raise the publio aohool*, a very heavy further outlay, both for now erootlons and for annual support, will be required. And scarcely less will be the outlay necessary to establish and sustain those further institutions for promoting second­ ary education, without which tho extension of mere primary instruction cannot be of much avail. Tho questions which most urge themselves upon the public and upon tho chief supporters of the cause of popular cdacation are, the means by which this necessary outlay should ho furnished.” E X 1ST I NO EDUCATIONAL AOENCIE3. The number of wholly self-supporting private day schools is 30,5*24, containing 721,396 scholars ; and the number of aided publio is 15,518, contamiug 1,422,982 scholars. These form the two great elapses of schools. The public schools may be divided into three classes—1. Supported by general or local taxation, of which class there are 610 schools, with 98,826 scholars ; 2. Supported by endowments, of which class there are 3,125 schools, with 206,279 scholars; 3. Supported by religious bodies, of whioh class there are 10,595 schools, with 1,048,851 scholars; 4. Other publio schools*, of whioh class there are 1,081 schools, with 109,214 scholars. The total number of publio schools therefore is 15,411, containing 1,413,176 scho­ lars, 795,632 males and 617,558 female*. In c’ass I. there are 35 military schools, with 3,348 scholars; 14 naval schools, with 2,348 scholars; ono Woods and Forests school, with 259 scholars; 3 corporation schools, with 2,394 scholars ; 5*23 workhouso schools, with 38,067 scholars ; and 34 prison schools, with 2,410 scholars. In class II. there are 566 collegiate and grammar schools, with 35,012 scholars; and 2,559 other endowed schools, with 170,667 scholars. The annual value of these endowments is estimated at £500,000. In class III., the number of schools has increased from 766 before 1801 to 10,595 now existing. •4 The cost at which the schools of religious bodies are supported may, perhaps, be gathered from the statements as to income which were furnished with respect to 5,761 of tho a a • • • * * * _ _ 0 33,551 scholars. The British schools —12 schools conduct* yon the principles of the British and Foreign School S^ci —are important. The income of the society for the ye last past, £15,183, and the income in 1850 of 628 Briti schools was £59,132, including Government grants to t amount £4,455. These schools have increased from 16 bofo iso i ^ J in BAGGED SCHOOLS, &C. M Iu 1844 there wtr* only sixteen ragged schools, havii 2,000 children, and 200 (nil voluntary) teachers. In th year tho * Rngged School Union* was established, and 1853 there appear to have been in London alone upwards 11€ schools, with 27,676 scholars, aud 221 paid and 1,7$ voluntary teachers. According to the census returns, tl number of ragged schools in the whole of EngUud and Wole in 1851, was 132, containing 23,643 scholars." The income of 79 ragged schools, containing 15,147, w. 1850, £11,065, and the income of the Ragged Bell* Union in 1852 was about £4,000. The number of cvenir syhools for which returns were imde was 1,545, containir 39,783 scholars, of which 27,829 were males and 11,9: females. Intelligence, also, was received about 1,057 chanics’ libraries and scientific institutions. SUNDAY SCHOOLS. The total number of these schools was 23,137, taining 2,369,039 scholars. Of these 10,427 school with 935,892 scholars, belonged to tho Church n • • - - - - - in coi u . — - - - « ¦ > w vnui vu 1 England ; 2,590 schools, with 343,478 scholars, belonge to the Independents ; 1,767 schools, with 186,516 scholar to tho Baptists ; 232 schools, witn 33,254 scholars, to tli Roman Catholics; 4,120 schools, with 429,727 scholars, i the Original Connexion of the Wesleyan Methodists ; 1,11 schools, with 98,294 scholars, to the Primitive Methodists 962 sohools, with 112,740 scholars, to the Calvinistic Me the diats. The numbers belonging to the other denominations ai much smaller:— < f One of the principal features of the Sunday school systci is the number of teachers. Out of tho 23,137 school* whic made returns, the number of teachers was giveu for 2l,72f containing 2,281,344 scholars. If this proportion be apph« to the whole number of scholars, the aggregate number < teachers would be 318,135. This gives a proportion of 7. scholars to one teacher ; but this must be taken subject t the observation that in some parts of the country (more esp oially in the north of England) a custom prevails of alterna teaching, i.e., one set of teachers will attend the mornin clasne*. and another *et the afternoon, or two sets teach o alternate months. This practice, however, is generally no diaoountonauood, ami i* gradually falling into desuetude, O the other hand, in the infant glanse*, as m«uy aa a homlm _ • f t • * ^ f -----, It* II -cholart will havo on!) one t« aeher. The proj*mlion i teacher* t" •cholera \ arin in the dill ’f^lit dcunitunatiofl*t ihu*, in the Church of Kngland echoc!* there arc 12..I soh< I a re on an aveiag* loa teacher ; whilst the average amour _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ I . * ^ ... V 1 1 1 nd 5,072 female schools, which, ii ,___ No doubt they ai mostly the masters or mistresses of national schools, (t worthy of remark that, on the first establishment of Sunda schools, a salaried staff of teachcrs was contemplated ; it wi more by accident than by design that the voluntary plan i tuition, which is now the most valuable portion of thesystcn was introduced.** , _ _ _f v - f VI — w •eMivfllg Independent* i*7.8; au» >ng«i BaptiaU, 6 4 ; amongst Wi If van M • tii H1 1 *t t hit *•!!'•''! .4 4 * I n 1 » » ^ • . » * returned, a* being pa»d —vi*. 5,311 malea, *i These are chiefly iu Church of Kurland sch deed, contain 9,286 out of the lo,ott3. No - • * a IRELAND. [FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.] DUBLIN, WEDNK8DAT MORNTOti. An analysis of the financial statemeut of tli Chancellor of the Exchequer, taken from au articl in T he Morning Chronicle of Tuesday, was receive here by magnetic telegraph yesterday forenoou, au the particulars of the iucreased taxation were soo very generally kuown. Tho feeling amongst th public here is, that the very heavy burdens thi imposed are the inevitable result of a jui and necessary war, and that the best hop of relief is to be derived from prosecutin that war with increased vigour and unilaggiu euergy. In Ireland, which had heeu altogeltn exempted from iucomc-t&x uutil last year, parti on the grouud of poverty, the doubling of the rat to fourteen pcnce in the'pound has produced a ver startling effect, especially as it is coupled wit augmented taxation on articles of exteusivo coi sumption. There was a slight improvement in Governtiu't: Securities at our Stock Exchange yesterday, Lu there was scarcely a transaction iu railways, 01 indeed, in shares of any kind. The Corn markets aro still heavy, but prices i all kiuds of grain arc enormously high. India n _ _ _ _ _ _.1 « ... a 1 « ft
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