UNION JACK EDITORIAL
N Sicily the Allied campaign is marching to its
end.—the end of a beginning. In Russia the
Soviet armies are now mounting not one major
offensive but three. Allied aircraft ranging over
Europe seek out more and more distant targets.
And across the Atlantic President Roosevelt and
Mr. Churchill are about to complete their plans for
the next phase, whose content we can on7 y guess at,
* * *
Nobody who knew anything about the nature
of the task pretended that Sicily would be an easy
conquest. This was not a tiny island, to be quickly
reduced by concentrated bombing, but a mountain
ous country larger than Wales, whose vital north
eastern corner was defended by troops who used
every device to buy time for Hitler. Reports of the
past week’s fighting in particular show how much
has depended on the successful clearance of
obstacles to our advance. K
We have made full use in this campaign of
what have come to be regarded as the five essen
tials for successful invasion—perfectly co-ordinated
planning, a vast supply base reasonably near at
hand, mastery of the sea, domination of the air,
and the use of airborne troops in the first assault.
The experience we have won will gain us more
than the conquest of Sicily before this year is out.
* * *
The full scope of the Russian triple offensive
cannot yet be defined, but however much or little
territory can be regained before the mud of
autumn clogs the mechanism of mobile war, its im
portance is immense. For it is here above all that
the German armies can be weakened to the point
Our air attack has already done heavy material
and moral damage to the enemy, and has reduced
his air force to a mainly defensweapon. Our
political warfare, too, is beginning to show results„
Th& storm is gathering round Europe, and soon, toe
may hope, it will break in full fury.
HIS is the story of a patrol
in the country between Wau
and Mubo—a lot of it Jap-
infested, most of it Jap-
threatened- Here is deepest
jungle with native, footpads lor
Rain falls day in, day out.
The country is invariably
clouded in : when the clouds
The natives know that Austra
lians like them and they savvy laboured, the swearing moref
English well ' picturesque. The climb is no;
They have comc to know the lhiD* °‘ thousan*
JaP'H Sometimes ifs a crawl up
mache knives especially for _ broken cliffs, sometimes a
WHAT is il like, lliis Far East war,
where Australians and Americans
fight cunning battles with the wily Jap in
jungles sticky with steamy heat ? Here
is a revealing account by an Australian
soldier of a patrol in New Guinea.
ning deep as his own.
evil little body—this is the
First, a patrol must be wise
to its business. 'Trees, trails,
hills, creeks must be sketched
in the sub-conscious. No patrol
in New Guinea moves without
knowledge—if it does, it might
have an unhappy ending. Lives
slide along knife-edge ledges,
well fitted for glazing batk-
4 ; ‘, nn tvrniZn hnrt fiaSe- 80 that a man be'
r f r i S come one wilh t*10 Jungte.
patrol. Ttme means much jjelmets are decked with reeds.
E S , t h l$ s ^ ntry dictates the body withfolia^
length of spells. mUil. everything in the jungle
fixed rendezvous. - Time and
the Jap urge speed.
* * *
Together again, the grinning
patrol moves toward home. But
tile jungle boom has awakened
the Jap. We know their patrols
are already out.
We hear the whip-crack of
rifle fire and reach for dank
earth. No one spots the Jap,
We | but we reply with a burst of
^ onr, I rapid Tommy where we think
might mean death. Norv the
initiative is not in the hands i n°w o;f his hufaoab A
of any officer or N.C.O .- cbarge wxll have to clear the
every man has his own a
Atmies usually charge
madly, swear badly. But the
Jap is no steel lover and has
no itch to swop bayonets. He
can use it himself and use it
well when fortune and num
bers favour him, but most
times he just disappears.
Wc can’t wait to mop up or
the Jap will be there in force.
The path clear, the patrol
moves on. Speed for homo
destiny in his own keeping.
Anything serves for camou-
___- Still pools hide the puck- is in the make-up box. Maga-
ripnpnd on inauisitiveness and puck—pidgin for crocodiles, zines are loaded, rifles cocked,
team work mqu,sltlveI1CSS ana Wary patrol men know his bayonets fixed. The job is on.
‘ ' * * haunts, his superb camouflage We prcss on Awards our
* * tt;hen log,Uke + £owri; objective - an ammunition
We set out at dawn, loaded f.Ueam- But 50 far> though dump. Each man knows lift across the same hell-damned
for emergency, a thin line of tterelm T e teen n air t a w * p a rt; there Is no overlapping. S f r , ifsotShow faster than
ghostly figures haloed by liasnt been able to chalk no sh0Uted order. on the wav out
S V e ^ c S ° « t e S o s W o S S U ^ m a ? ^ r S soon we surround the dump. Vm ™ d £ s the Jap follow
IJr M * ™ C m M ce tra il Snakes are rare-th ey P e , approach Is silent, m ^ right through. He likes best
lor Mel e P P ‘ • like the coastal belt with its J ^ gle so dense that vision t, 0 be in overwhelming strength.
Thick jungle must be gi^amy warm climate. extends 10 or 20 yards but no make no mistake, he’s no
hacked with the serviceable farther. push-over.
mache knife, brambles and ^Four hours’ «w alk» along
thorn kicked out of the way. this honeymoon trail brings
Perspiration and rain makes yp}1 into Jap-held territory.
clothes hang heavily after a Distance here is not a matter
few hundred yards. of milcs« merely hours on the
First obstacle is a narrow
rushing stream. Native bearers
swiftly fell a tree which
crashes athwart the water.
The thin line gingerly reaches
for the other bank. Some slip,
but as they are wet anyway It
doesn't matter much. Then
once more the plunge through
the cver-thickening jungle.
The way is uphill now. Con-
i dition tells, breathing is
The presence of the Jap
now calls for craft and cun- with mind and eye set on the,
Almost too suddenly the Camp looms close. It’s been
dump hoves in sight. Charges a good day, a lucky day. To
are quickly laid. A match morrow there’ll be another
touches them off—sudden din patrol—and the Jap will still
shatters jungle quiet. be there.
The patrol melts backward, (From Australiaft Forces’
Now W e’ re
ET'S make no“ mistake’ The concert, was arranged fcy workers today ? Why not a
about it. The nights are Capt. Gladstone. Education few weeks of absolute rest and
closing in The leaves are Officer of the Constantine quiet at our lovely Convales-
turning brown and will soon area, at very short notice cent Depot ? »
have fallen You wake up in the indeed, but the hall was full-
middle of the night and aren't Some were there who had n / ,,
sorrv vou have a blanket. And heard no musitf for a . year : " 1 1 J * ay
sorry you ___- ___
all this within two short weeks never have I known a music
of Bank Holiday ! - I audience* so quiet. -
Advt. in a London paper :
« Grapes : One hundred
T the end of June; 1940, the
Channel Islands were occu
pied by the German forces.
The fall of France and the
depletion of the armed resources
of Britain in the disastrous
eveuu> that attended it, com
bined with the geographical
situation of the islands,
rendered it impracticable to
defend them effectively. The
British Government removed
all troops and declared them to
• It was a bitter moment for
It is the earliest onset of M. Leupert, I feel, will be bunches, White Muscats; 50 the islanders. Throughout their
autumn I recollect, and heard after the war not only bunches Black Alicantes; 100 long history, stretching back to
altogether a most exceptional in Paris, but also in London pounds the lot.» f ” T ’ "
year, as the strategist said
sticking little flags into places
where he had never thought to
stick them before 1944.
V nder statement
He gets about a bit doesn't;
the times of William of Nor
mandy. their sons had been in
the forefront of battle, their
bravery was proved in many
. w ~ . F the hews from Italy doesn'tiE f i S S t t S t tSTtefcSSi
Lance-Corporal ~ , .
A cruel dilemma now faced
give them up as a bad job and
plant winter greens.
hV «taid talking of Mr. and New York. His success is v , _ If .
ChurchtlL a hint to the Welfare Depart- N o ic 1 o i i ’ r e T a lk in g
EFORE the war many of us spent
happy holidays in that little part of
Britain across the water — the Channel
Islands. Jersey, Guernsey, Alderney and
Sark have been in the hands of the Nazis
for three years. This article, based on
such meagre facts as can be obtained,
describes the state of life of the sturdy
~ Chine ennt ™nr island- In Guernsey counsels!population maintains its
them. Ships were sent over were more divided. The schools fortitude.
from Britain for their embarka- were evacuated complete.' i n the autumn of last vear
lion. To leave and abandon till Women were sent awav In all fKnnconMc J n
T T T orir^ H fnr anH hpid t J V xu an, thousands of men and women
ment. a reason for congratu- Which mob are you in ? he or to and the * ft the population of Up to the ages of 70 suffered
...............................- m - ....... ......................... S o w n S A f t f t S . ? * left- 4 >lcmey. under the same fate as others in Nazi
| lat-ing the audience" which asked, belligerently.
Symphonic Sentry fbroughthto back three times T h 0 L p ^ sai(1 the cther
E had been here since the for encores.
start, he said, and we
talked about guards and what n i- E x n e r t___
nna fhtnire nhoiit. under the °
UNNY, he said, this set was
working without aerial and
earth until I touched it.
one thinks about under the
African stars during a two-
hour spell. He had a musical
and a good memory,
said, and he had acquired the
habit of silent self-performance___ ^ R n n t/ m tir
of orchestral music which he« O o e s ix o m a n iic
remembered well enough to As soon as it starts getting
imagine in full detail and dark at home, he said, it is
Ah, that’s different, said the
In Jersey, opinion inclined to
remaining, and only a few
thousand refugees left the
’ c o
m . P l» in f c l o n , T „ n i , “ *
Merrily flowed the River Rhine,
Busily the burdened Thames:
He admitted to__c\ sticky I He was talking of radio re- York with commerce
oment when the orderly offi- eeptlon, but I can think of throbbed while fine T-
other tilings which are better gowns in Paris gleamed
when it’s dark, such as eating f Witj1 gems; *
fish and chips off a green foot- In these flelcjs ’ bloomed the
ball special, with a half moon ^ . fruitful vine
cer came round in the middle
of Beethoven’s Pastoral Sym
phony and he got all mixed up
between his challenge and the
variations as writetn.
N the walls of La Scala in
Milan, Italians have written
« Bring Back Toscanini.® That
explosive master of the orch-
showtng up the delicate' profile
of your latest piece of Dresden
ORD WOOLTON recom
mends that people should
estra left Italy when Fascism take water with their whisky
started trying to boss the arts instead of soda. You’ll get
around. Toscanini’s farewell used to it, he says.
words put Musso where he
« I t is Mister Mussolini, but
it Is Maestro Toscanifli,» he
These Musical Notes
USIC is In demand among
British $pldier§ in North
tea. Last week at the
_ .jlno in Constantine, M.
Alexander Leupert, Lieutenant
the French Army and
iady known as a pianist in
^nce, gave a piano recital.
We’ll do our best, Sir, said
a Fusilier of our acquaintance.
North African Outpost
EWEST n,ews-sheet in
North Africa is the Out
post, weekly cyclo-styled paper
of a convalescent depot. Gnr.
McArdle is editor, a Slam of
Serjeants assists him, a Lieut
enant is adviser.
«H ave you,» they ask in
their journal. «m ade uf) your
mind where to spend your holi
day, so necessary to busy war-
the very guns of Cherbourg, ot
the population of 1,500, all but
a very few who left for
Guernsey sailed for England.
In the middle of all this the
occupied countries. They were
deported to camps in France
Despite their poor standard
in me miaaie 01 ail tms tne 0f living, those remaining made
Germans l^ orm g the pro- collections of shoes, clothing
clamation f of demilitarization. food for them. Shop-
bombed the harbour of St. keepers gave them first call on
Hclier and St. Peter-Port, and what stocks they had. Fare-
next day invaded the island? services were held in the
With luscious grapes to load
Fire-blackened now that once-
And dried the leaves, so greer^
Where shattered tanks and
Those twisted roots give sap
And must we say their‘aching
Of Peace, and War. men vainly
Vain was the vine-lord’s former
As the bitter tears by loved
For the Flower of Youth that
Now, where it fell, new
Rich fruit that fertile earth
To blossom where brave hearts
Proud flags in Victory wave!
Snail grapes spring sweeter
from the vine,
Refreshing every breed of Men?
Or shall Fools, Crazed with
Raise it. to toast «Der Tag»
—A. V. J. Steele.
Ship From Home
She streaks across the hazy
proudly leading her charges to
who follow her in regular
and always carried out her
orders whatever she might
Signals flash, squat tugs likt
ducks upon a pond,
grow fussy and impatient to
complete another journey
The great ship slides, deprived
to her appointed place
brown.faces line her sides and
wonder what the future
How close to English soil you
must have been
pray tell me all that you have
heard and seen.
—F/L Elliott Smith.
A Channel Island Refugee
The financial aspect of life
Committee sprang into being to ^ the islands is interesting,
look after the people evacuated when the branches of British
from these islands of the banks evacuated no balances
Norman Appendage—for such were left, and only the skeleton
is the official^ name for thfc 0f local currency organisation
remained. The Germans re
created a local currency and
the remaining nuclei of the
iu rnrn fVinTi fin cnpmfinc H atrr» British banks arc reported to
More than 60 societies have ^ madp advances of the
been formed all over Britain— nave maoe aavances 01
and a small newspaper brings
equivalent of several million
pounds sterling to the local
n S n S S A - State* What the future of
w S £ this debt will be and who will
the Forces all over the world. carry the burden of the re-
Many have given their lives,
some are prisoners of war,
others have gained decoration
—one V.C. was won by Major
le Patourel at Tebourba.
Conditions in the islands ar*
only partly known. Occaslon-
instatcment of war damage can
only be surmised.
Other problems of a like
t____ w________ _____ _ nature also arise. Can the
ally an escape occurs, and a few famous herds be re-established?
more details of information are i What proportion of ttye popula-
learned. In sum, the tale is
one of hardship but not of
The loyalty of the inhabi
tants remains undimmed, the
privations are cheerfully borne.
Food is short, monotonous
and inadequate. Clothing is
scarce. The deathroll among
>the elderly is high. But the
tion will wish to return home
after years of exile, new life
and with an outlook different
from those who have remained?
Careful planning and fore
sight will be needed for the
major difficulties of the social
and economic rebirth of the
islands to be avoided.
One happy augury is the
islanders’ characteristic spirit
of sturdy self-help.