Union Jack, September 3rd 1943

No. 53 FRIDAY SEPT. 31943 Price: 1 franc TUNIS TELEGRAPH All the Local News V 's/»»o V\? iK R MANY a X f--------------''l 'IV \HUNGARY British and Canadians Advance under Eisenhower The invasion o f italy has now begun. British AND CANADIAN FORCES HAVE LANDED ON THE ITALIAN MAINLAND. THIS MAJOR OPERATION COMES AS THE ALLIES ENTER THE FIFTH YEAR OF THE WAR. At four-thirty this morning, the fending took place. At 08.15 hrs. the world heard the news for which it had been waiting expectantly since the fall of Sicily 1 The official announcement was^g ,toct, made just over half- an-hour before the B.B.C I 1 n Ao Izeat Allied Italian «British and Canadian forces have I ::?ed mainland as the fifth year of the war be^ms. «Allied forces, under the command of General Eisen­hower, have continued their advance. »How this epic feat was ac­complished, under the eagle eyes of the Axis, is described by B.B.C. rommentator, Robert Dunnett. Dunnett say- British and Ca­nadian troops of the 8th Army, under the protection of sea and air power, made their landing on the Italian mainland. The first Allied troons set "foot on Italian soil at 0430 hrs to-day. on beaches opposite Messina. Our artillery blazed forth,with a continuous bombardment, paving the way for the landing forces with a mighty barrage. Within a short time their guns had found targets and a number of shore batteries tfere destroyed. Only nine weeks have elapsed since Allied troops landed in Sicily, again undtr General Eisenhower's command. Within a few moments of land­ing. our invasion fore? com-/menced to destroy enemy strongf- points. with naval and air t'onrcs giving full co-operation. Gtfirn fighting is in progress, advance continues. During the last fejK' days, r connaissance startedacross the narrow straits,/!© show the weakened enemy defences and prepare the way. SEVERE FIGHTING Fighting, sayi Dunnett, is ex­pected tc be severe. The country is mountainous and communica­tions are bad. All the forces under Genera! Eisenhower, land, sea and air. e being welded int> a tre­mendous and flexible fighting ijiiachine to destroy the enemy— /and they took Italy in their stride. They are over the Straits of Messina and hard fighting lies ahead of them,as yet. It was on June 30 that Mr. Churchill spoke of the likelihood of heavy infighting the Medi­terranean. Speaking in London, hb said :tel cannot go further than to say, this: Very probably there will be heavy infighting the Mediterranean and elsewhere, before the leaves of Autumn fat.» Rodney, Nelson, Pounded Itaiy SHORE BATTERIES BLASTED WITH ONE-TON SHELLS THE STORY can now be told ot [ow, on Tuesday, twe of Britain's battleships, the Rodney and the Nelson, sailed into the Straits of Messier <broad daylight and bombarded enemy battleships on oe of Italy, between Reggio and Poliaro, under a terril5 ^umbrella. The two 30,000 ton battleships pumped 10-in. shells into various targets for nearly one hour. During these operations they were screened by our cruisers. -This epic operation made naval history. It was the first time sirteen-iuch shells had teen poured into the Italian mainland. The sister ships opened up, each with their inc mighty guns arranged in triple turrets, to blast Italian shore batteries. The Rodney and the Nelson were the first battleships to Warmed with sixteen-inch guns. Each shell weighs more than u ton. The cruiser Orion used her six-inch armaments in support. 1 J ^is not revealed how close in^sliore our battleships ranged, but as sixteen-inch guns are ef­fective .for roughly fourteen miles, the battleships could standoff the southern entrance to the Straits of Messina .and deliver their attack. Evidently cruisers and de­stroyers went much closer into the narrows of tho Straits, under protection of strong fighter cover which Sicily u uow ablo to furnish. Far East War Jap planes quit Burma Ukraine Key Town Falls V E l again the big guns of Moscow have saluted a great Rus- ^ sran victory, this time the capture ol Sumi, to the north­west of Kharkov, an important regional centre of tli« Ukraine I\LIRING the last^ rw months. Allied bouiber in Burma have not been seting with-¦ -opposition from Japanese fighters, accordi <to a mes­sage from the H.B. C. corres­pondent at New Delhi. This is due to the very heavy losses suffered by the Japanese in the South Pacific and most of all at Weewak. The Japs are now losing al­most as many aircraft as they produce. This was one of the questions for discussion when the Japanese Cab net met on Tuesday. In the South-west Pacific. Alli­ed troops are inclosing on the airfield at Salamaua. against dogged enemy resistance Over the aerodrome at Kahili, 36 Japanese planes, out of a to­tal of 60, were brought dowa. This new success follows quickly on the taking of Glukhov, and as the Russian ar­mies roll relentlessly forward, :ron vast front from the Smolensk region to the Sea of Azov, the fall of other important places, including Lisichansk. was an­nounced. In their drive on the central front, the Soviet army is now directly threatening the great base of Smolensk front two Indi­rections. the extreme south, the Rus­sians have pushed ahead from Taganrog along the coast to within 20 miles of Mariupol, and on this front they have now reached a point further to the west than they have been since 1941. The large enemy forces trapp­ed in the great loop thrown aroi‘ d Taganrog have been completely exterminated, or tak­en prisoner, and German casual­ties in this battle are put as high as 40,000 officers and men. NEW BERLIN A. A. FLARES n C RING the last great raid by the R.A.F. on Berlin, the Ger­mans, besides putting a huge force of night fighters into the air. tried out anew method of A.A. defence. According to the stories of pi­lots who took part in the raid, they met with flares which came down slowly from avery great height, giving out alight as bright as that of the landing lighti which illuminate aerodro­me runways. The chief drawback of these flares, from the point of view of the defenders, was that they gave away the position of the enemy night-fighters, just as effectively as that of the bombers coming into attack. VERITY DIED A PRISONER OF WAR CAPTAIN Hedley Verity, the |was in the Green Howards. Yorkshire and England test! Sir Stanley Jackson, Yorkshire County Cricket President, said ¦Yorkshire and England test cricketer, is officially stated to have died of wounds on July 31. in a military hospital awhile prisoner of war. Three weeks ago, he was .ex­ported missing in Sicily.' Verity «Verity will standout as one of the greatest left bowlers we hove known. He was a fine example of the best cricketer Yorkshire has produced ,,j»
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