Union Jack, March 18th 1944

UNION ?Saturday. March 18.1944 No. 67 Two Lire FOR THE BRITISH FIGHTING FORCES BOMBING OF CASSINO Stop Press Special Order of the Day issued in Moscow last night announced the capture of Dubno, about 70 miles from Lwow, in new inoffensive western Ukraine. Also stated .{00 places captured on Nikolaev front. Reach Rumanian eastern troops have reached the Rumanian frontier. Last dvanced elements of the Soviet Army stood on the k of the Dniester, which marks the border of Bessarabia, the Pro Ice which Rumania annexed in 1941. Only 25 miles behind them are he main Russian forces, and the Germans are reported to have wit'Jlrawn into Bessarabia. Keutor 7 correspondent ^avs that lb< Dniester has been reached several poiuts i a«d th.it '.n Mansteins j. troops »re tf^veating across the river at M>gUev Podolski, which t»tand the,n railway This is what Cassino looked like while the 1.400 tons of ]bombs were being dropped 'on it. A . A A A . 'V\/V\AAA/WVWW^ /Finland Peace Talk Latest Midnight To-night is Deadline T Twas stated by the B C.B last night that the Russian? are reported to have made to­night, nudrught, the deadline Serviced< Pay Talks Start M.P. Deputation ‘Not Displeased' la Sweden it was announced that a Finnish Note had been sent to Stockholm for delivery to Moscow. The Swedish Foreign Office announced that King Gustav of Sweden sent a message to Hel­sinki. expressing deep anxiety about Finland's future. He is said to have supported hU Governments view that Finland should accept the Russian terms as a basis for negotiations. An Ankara report said yester­day that the Germans must have known of Prince Stirbeys mis­sion of obtaining terms for peace negotiations for Rumania with Allies. Partisan Army Grows in Slovenia In Slovenia, following the suc­cessful action ot the 14th Division of Titos Army, the population In this area are joining the Parti­sans In great numbers, 6tates yes­terdays Yugoslav communique Over 1,900 Germans were killed or wounded in this Infighting. widely scattered attacks on railway communications, the Par­tisans have destroyed eight enemy trains, one of which was armoured. In Lika, units of the 6th Division attacked two enemy columns. TP HE first of the informal discussions between represent­atives of the Governmeut and M JP .a esteeming Pay and Allowances for members of the Force- /took place in the House of Commons, when 26 M.iV . 7 -the Deputy Prime Minister (Mr. Attlee), the Foreign -rotary (Mr. Fdeu) and the Chancellor of the ExehcqyL, -'Sir John Anderson). iMMpn? he would have contributed to their support had he survived. The Minister added that In the last war a pension of five shillings a week was awarded to parents when the serving man had no other dependents, but said he considered the present method of giving pen­sions where they were most needed, was the better scheme. Replying to another question, the Minister said that since the start of the war applications for pensions had been made by the parents of 47,000 men and 900 women who hnd lost their lives. Pensions ranging from five shillings a week to 120 pounds a year had been awarded in 19,000 cases respecting men, and in 350 cases respecting women. Night Carrier Planes Naval Affairs announced that planes operating from escort carriers now can move success­fully against submarines and enemy planes at night, taking off and landing in the dark. The announcement told of a recent inaction which naval aircraft from an escort carrier pursued and shot down two enemy air­craft and damaged a third while successfully defending an Atlantic convoy from a night attack. ia ce the question of increases in family allowances first, and it is understood that one of the suggestions put forward was that the Government should make a grant of one pound a week for each child of a Serviceman. No decisions were taken at the talks 6nd it is stated that the points raised will be investi­gated by Service experts before the next informal meeting, at which the Governments attitude to the suggestions is likely to be announced. Promising Start The M.P.s will meet the Government representatives again next week, when it is believed that the question of basic pay will be discussed. One political correspondent says that the deputation of s M.P. were not displeased with the first days results. The situation regarding pen­sions to parents was clarified in the House of Common? yesterday by the Minister of Pensions. Sir Walter Womers- ley, replying to Mr. J. A. Davison (Labour, M.P. for Mary- hill). Sir Walter said that in the case of a man being skilled pension was awarded if his parents were !n need and therefrom Vinnitsa to Jassy (Rumania). The Russian advances throughout the Ukraine are described as having attained "thunderbolt velocity.” More big blows have been ham­mered on the battered Ger­man army, and one report last night said that the great port of Odessa was being out­flanked. Nikolaev, the other Black Seaport in German hands, is fast becoming doomed as the whole German front in the south crumblcs, and in the north, the Russians are now fighting on the outskirts of Vinnitsa, while other columns are within six miles of the vital rallwr ay centre of Zhmerinka. Rapid Advance In the Nikolaev area. General Malinovskys forces have made a rapid advance of 30 miles to capture the town of Novaya Odessa on the lower reaches of weak-:ened communications. To supply Moscow reported last night that Russian forces have launched an attack on Finnish troops in the Arctic. their front-line soldiers, the Nazis now have to use over­burdened secondary railways or tortuous cross-country routes. Stiff resistance is still being encountered by the Russians in the Vinnitsa area, but the Russian communique says that the Germans are being driven from one position after another. One of the many places cap­tured is only two miles short of the town. The official communique also describes the liquidation of six enemy divisions which were en­circled in the area of Kherson. The Germans made a desperate effort to breakout, but their attacks were easily bealcn off. In addition to many prisoners, the Russians have also taken more enormous quantities of equipment, and at Vapnjarka, where they cut the Zhmerinka- Odessa railway on Wednesday, their booty included 12 loco­motives, 500 cars, a complete military train and 1.300 lorries. Anzacs Through ft Outskirts I Twas disclosed last night that New Zealand troop- fornicd the spearhead of tin attack on Cassino following the devastating air attack, and that they have battled their throughway the rubble to the south-western outskirts of the town. Only one small part is stilt held by the Germans, but thest are fighting fiercely and an- sending down intensive fire from concealed emplacements. Sappers are having l«» bridge bomb bridge 70 feet Ions across our crater before tanks could set 3 cross. Michael Reynolds (B.B.C says that the New Zealanders, under General Freyberg, VC D.S.O., joined this sector from the Eighth Army front. They are fighting with all the gallantry and dash with which we have come to regard the Anzacs.” At Anzio beach-head on Thurs­day the enemy made three attacks against the centre of the Allien inline, the vicinity of the litUe - A German secret order to Corps Commanders has fallen into Allied hands m which the drastic reduction of all motor journeys and the conservation of all fuel must be ruthlessly enforced. town of Carano, where the th.ro massive German offensive rtruck at the end of February. All three- thrusts were repulsed. The B.B.C. recording van wrecked, but the comments Uu and engineer were unhurt. Sharp patrol clashes were re­ported on the Eighth Army front, mainly in the coastal areas. Allied artillery and mortar re offbeat several enemy patrols in the Orsogna area. Vienna's First Air Raid \7IENNA, capital of Austria, Vwas bombed yesterday for the first time. The attack was made in daylight by Flying Fortresses and Liberators, all of which returned. The American bombers met with heavy opposition from flak, but no German fighters gave battle. The German News Agency explained this away with an announcement that formations of Luftwaffe fighters went up to intercept heavy bombers which overflew the .Mps into Germany, but only aft v made contact because of the bari weather. terday was a railway junction near Paris which was attacked by Marauders. On Thursday night, the R.A.F. again made widespread attacks, and Amiens and Sofia were given heavy bombings for the second night in succession. The big Michelin tyre factory at Clermand-Ferrand, about 30 miles from Vichy, was also attacked by R.A.F. heavy bombers, which dropped a number of the new 12,000-pound bombs with devastating effect. The attack on Sofia was made by R.A.F. Halifaxes and Lancas­ ters, which. It is revealed, are now theatre, and Wellingtons. They dropped thousands of incendiaries on the Bulgarian capital, nd many new fires were started. H.E.s were dropped in the nil- way yards, and one account says that the streets around tbe station are literally buried in debris. From the entire operations on Thursday night, which also in­cluded attacks by Mosquitos on western Germany and mine lay­ing, every plane returned. In the daylight raid on Germany on Thursday, a total of 125 -Jazi fighters were destroyed, it was officially stated from the Ameri­can Air H.Q. in Britain yesterday Allied fighters accounted for 77 Another daylight target yes- operating in tha Mediterranean and the bombers for 48. NBWSQUIZ A QUESTIONNAIRE taken from the week's news. Answers are on Page Four. are” when asked if the Irish were justified in refusing to abandon their neutrality? Wednesday: On which Black Seaport were the Russians reported to be advancing? 2, "Mussolini's mouthpiece" w&s killed in an air attack on the Rome area. Who was he? Thursday: 1 ,Detail the greatest air attack of the Mediterranean campaign.” 2, Russians crossed the last nat­ural barrier before the Rum­anian border. It was ?Saturday: 1, Which large enemy base 100 miles north­west of Kirovograd was taken in the new Russian offensive? 2, What is the American Goon Gun?” Movday 1, Who said that the second front has begun, and next year we shall just topple it over."? 2, Which English town is trying to re­place the famous cruiser H.M.S. Penelope, known after the battering she took at Malta as "H.M.S. Pepper Pot."? Tuesday: 1, Name the well- known Burma base 50 miles from the Bay of Bengal port of Akyab occupied by the 14th Army. 2, Which famous Irish­man replied: 'Of course they Friday: 1, R.A.F. made the heaviest raid of the war. Where? 2, Which Nazi Gen­erals Army was split in two by Russians advancing to­wards the Dneister?
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