Union Jack, March 17th 1944

r UNION ¦\rWA J At) Friday, March 17,1944 No. 66 Two Lire FOR THE BRITISH FORCES Infantry Meet Fierce Resistance Slop Press Allied fighters escorting Ameri­can bombers in their attacks on Southern Germany yesterday, shot down 76 Nazi fighters. Americans lost 13 bombers. London alert last night lasted 30 minutes. InMost ?of Ilied Cassin© Han FTER the terrific air assault on Cassino on Wednesda by tank and heavyjartiljfery f^e, advante(finr )bi£$trewn town. Fierce resistance was encountered from t mans, who are using multi-barrelled mortars, hut late last night th were reported to hold three quarters of the town. Sappers are doing valiant work to clear paths through the devastated town, which is described as a "giant refuse dump,” to enable tanks to advance. From Anzio bridgehead, last night, it was stated that the Ameri­cans have captured two strong-points in spite of fierce counter thrusts. r A LATE message from the Fifth Army Front by Reg­inald Beckwith (BBC corre­spondent) sad that the town of Cassino looks alike giant refuse dump. In view of the terrific damage and the wreckage the Allies progress is satislactory We hold, says Berk with, more than three-quarters of the town, and we have made very deep penetrations into the enemy positions. That some enemy survived the holocaust' was indicated by reported scr.ous German oppo­sition to advanced Allied tanks and troops. Thick armoured steel cylin­ders, shaped like an.i.erjr : armrAired f shells and just large enough 30 mile for gunners, were sunk in suud rork wittf'rtWiy s ^ w Russians Split Von MansS'eins Army ACCELERATING TUE1R ADVANCE TOWARDS THE DNE1STER, RUSSIAN TROOPS WHO MADE A 60-MILE GA1 IN THE GERMANS' RIVER BUG DEFENSIVE POSITION. HAVE CUT THE TRUNK RAILWAY RUN­NING FROM ODESSA TO ZHMERINKA. STALINS ORDER OF THE DAY ANNOUNCING THIS NEW SUCCESS LAST NIGHT SAID THAT AS A RESULT, VON MANSTEINS ARMY IS NOW VIRTUALLY CUT IN TWO. With the Russians driving -closer to the Bessarabian border j Finns Reported To Reject Terms ALTHOUGH there is no confirmation of reports that Finland has definitely rejected Russias Peace Terms, the Finnish Parliament has passed a vote of confidence in the Cabinet. A report quoted by the B.B.C. says this is tantamount to rejection. Meanwhile, Mr. Roosevelt has added a warning to Finland. The Finnish people now have a chance to withdraw from this hateful struggle,” said the U.S. President. 'The longer they siay at Germanys side the more sorrow and suffering is bound to come to them.” The King of Sweden has also sent a message to Marshal Mannerhcim. In this he emphasises that he agrees with the Swedish Government that Finland accept the 'very generous" Russian terms. Prince Stirbey, who has left Rumania for conferences with Allied representatives, has arrived in Cairo, and yesterday con­ferred with a Russian envoy, who has been deputed to ascertain whether the Prince does in fact represent the Rumanian Government. Reports from Rumania state that with the approach of the Russian Armies to the Bessarabian border, anxiety among Rumanians is mounting hourly, while the Germans are hastily strengthening frontier fortifications. The Turkish radio says that the Rumanian Premier, Antonescu, has conferred with all his Ministers and General Staff. Naples Worst Raid German raiders, including dive- bombers. attacked Naples early on Wednesday in oni of the heaviest i{.ids the city has had since the Allied occuoation last October. The Luftwaffe tried to strike at shipping and harbour installa­tions but met a furious an aircraft barrage. rrr imposition? curapi ndnu strategic approaches and providing cross-fire. On the slopes, to the west or the old town of Cassino. the Ger­mans have artillery and mortar emplacements hollowed out of 'he cliffs'de and trained on the town below Thoir< guns, and particularly a multi-tarrelled mortar known as Nebelwerier, were active Wed­nesday afternoon. Before th.s overwhelming fronal assault the enemy launched an attack,'suppor-ea by artillery fire, on Colie ADaie, in some streng h against French troops to the north of Chssino It began in the early morning bUi was contained by dawn. Between this position and Cassino. the Germans, moving for­ward to attack Ind.an troops, were repulsed by heavy ann.ery fire and withdrew after serious casualties—some of Marshal Koniev stations were ...only yi the way to further h- wi j Is by announce that- the "adjustment of our defensive lines has not yet been brought to an end.” Along the entire 500 miles Ukrainian front, the Germans continue to fallback, and The two big enemy strongholds. Vinnitsa, in the north, and N.lcolaev, in the south, are both fast approaching their last hours. J V a a m jh o y a js a tate a toe aijgd? erams 10 Servicemen S I OME 400 employees in a Vickers -Armstrong fac­tory in the North of England have declared they are ready to have deductions made from their pay to contribute towards increased grants to Servicemen, and they want others to do like-wise, says the "Daily Mirror.” They say if every worker in Britain were to agree to a deduction, Servicemen might not feel the difference between their pay and that of industrial workers. Shop stewards have taken their formal resolution to Mr. Arthur Greenwood, act­ing leader of the Labour Party, and an attempt is to be made to get workers from other factories to take a similar step. Other M.P.s have also received copies of the resolution, which will be produced at talks between the Government and M.P.S on Service pay. CUTOFF Stalins Order of the Day said that Vinnitsa is now closely invested and cannot holdout much longer, while the German forces at Nikolaev are virtually cutoff The Russians are driving in on the port fron three sides, and Soviet artillery is taking toll of sh pping trying to sneak out. The other main Sian Uu driv.\ south ol Uvnan, which Is u»kin ja general direction toward'! i Odessa, is bearing down c the!n- i provincial centre of Rerv j. 1 0 C miles north of tlv %port No mention of Taraopol, where fierce street ta /des have been in j progress, is made in the latest j Soviet communique, but heavy fighting is reported in the region of the other railway town ct! Proskurov. R.A.F. Make Heaviest Raid of War ANEW peak of fury in the Allied air offensive on Nazi Europe was reached on Wednes­day night when more than a thousand R.A.F. Lancasters dropped 3.000 tons of bombs on Stuttgart, and subsidiary targets at Amiens and Munich. rwaTffie greatest ever seat out and the bomb tonnage the heaviest ever dropped in one night. -=r :The Air Ministry communique said that the weather prevented mmediate observation of R.A.F. Bomber Command alone have now dropped more than 276,000 tons of bombs on Occupied Europe, the greater part on Gcr- Imny. Here is the Navy rehearsing their psrt In readiness for the invasion. This view of II M.S. Valiant firing a broadside was taken during manoeuvres from the flight deck of the Illustrious crowded with Fairey Fulmars. GERMAN SPY EXECUTED OSCAR JOHN JOB, 58, born P I of German parents in the East End of. London, abut British subject, was executed at Pentonville Prison, yesterday, having been convicted of being a German spy. He was con­demned to dejth in January by Mr. Justice Stable at the Centra) Criminal Court, London, and his appeal, heard by Justice Travers Humphreys, Justice J. L. Lewis and Justice J. D. Cassels on February 28, against the capital sentence was dismissed. The trial was in camera, but it has been disclosed that Job was taken prisoner by the Ger­mans in 1941 when he was living in Paris and interned. Later he was approached by the German authorities and asked if he would act as a spy for them in Britain. He was escorted to the Spanish border by Gestapo men, and he eventually made his way to Britain via Lisbon. He explained that he had escaped from the Germans, but his story was doubted, and. in fact, he never had the slightest opportunity of carrying out his mission. LETTERS TO INTERNEES He eventually confessed that he had been instructed to report to Germany on British morale <?nd bomb damage, and for 4 hat pur­pose had been supplied with invisible inks and other essant.ai materials which were hidden in the hollows of keys found xa bis possession. LON DON The means of getting the information to Germany was for him to write to former internees, using their relatives names. Those letters woul I he Intercepted by the German secret service, thus neither the prisoners-of-war In Germany -lor their relatives would know that their names had been used in tn:s way. His defence was that he had agreed to the German request in order to escape, but Mr. Justice Stable, at the trial, said that It was abundantly clear from the evidence adduced that he had every intention of carrying out his German orders. Job is the 14th German secret service agent to pay the full penalty in Britaiw since the out­break of war. results, but pilots report seeing the glow of fires through the clouds at Stuttgart. The raid was the sixth major attack made on Stuttgart by the R.A.F. In making it, the R.A.F. lost< r0 planes. Another target on Wednesday night was Sofia, which was bombed by a large force' of Italian-based A.F.R Wellingtons. The pilots found the target bril­liantly illuminated by moonlight, and the railway yards were plastered by 'block-busters” and lighter bombs American bombers carried on yesterday where the R.A.F left off, and a"very strong formation, escorted by Allied infighter great strength,” attacked targets in Germany. Following the example of Tues­day, when the Germans resumed their tighter attacks on the Ameri­can planes which bombed Bruns­wick. the Luftwalfe again gave battle, and the Nazi radio yester­day afternoon described terrific air fights over the Continent. Partisans Attack Chelnik Stronghold More successes are claimed t>y the Partisans in General Tito latest communique, which states that the Eighth Krajina Brigade attacked a garrison of Dreno- vitch'S Chetniks. killing 70 and taking some prisoners. A Ger­man aircraft, sent to help the Chetniks, was shot down. During fighting arouni Zlobin and Chab^r. the enemy lost .^0 killed, and 3 0 wounded, Heavy fighting is in progress around Gospitch In Bosnia, Moslem units, under the command cu Huska, took a considerable num­ber .oI prioonei
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