Memorial Register 29-30, Introduction to the Registers of The Ypres (Menin Gate) and Tyne Cot Memorials, Belgium

through changes in trade and industry, through political troubles., through many sieges and some captures. It was attacked by an English force under the Bishop of Norwich in 1385, and stormed by the English Puritan troops who formed part of Turennes army in 1658 and Vauban captured it for Louis XIV in 1678 and subsequently fortified it. In 1914 it was one of the smaller towns of the Belgian Province of West Flanders, joined by canals and railways to the French border and the sea. It stood in flat intensely cultivated country but to the South-West was a low range of hills running from Kemmel Westward to Godewaersvelde and rising again at Cassel, and to the North and East were the gradual ascents afterwards known among the British troops as the Pilckem Ridge, the Passchendaele Ridge and the Menin Road Ridge. It was described in 1905 as a dead or phantom town, a cemetery, deserted by industry and trade, but carefully guarding the great buildings erected in its prosperity. The ramparts built by Louis XIV, modernised by the Dutch Government before 1830, and dismantled by the Belgian Government in 1854, remained as wide promenades on the East and South sides. They were pierced by two gates, of which the gate towards Lille retained its flanking towers, but the gate towards Meninf was only a passage between two ends of wall. The new Menin Gate consists of a “Hall of Memory”, 120 feet long and 66 feet wide, covered in by a coffered half-elliptical arch in a single span. At either end is an archway 30 feet wide and 48 feet high, with flat arches on either side of it eleven feet wide and 22 feet high. In the centre of the sides are broad staircases, leading up to the Ramparts and to loggias running the whole length of the building. The names of 56,000 officers and men are incised in Portland stone panels fixed to the inner walls of the Hall, up the sides of the staircases, and inside the loggias. Each of the four straight arches is flanked on either side by an engaged Doric column and surmounted by an entablature. Over the central arches are large panels for the dedicatory inscriptions and above these panels is a recumbent lion on the East side, and a sarcophagus, with a flag and a wreath, on the side facing the town. Camille Lemon n ier: L a Belgique. f TheM enin Gate was called in medieval times the“ Hangoartpoorte ”and subsequently (and until nearly the middle o f the 19th century) the< c Porte dAnvers
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