The Evening News, Tuesday 1st October 1946

\«1 KALTENBRUNNER, Ernst, 43, former chief of the guilty S.D. (security police) Himmler’s deputy as Gestapo chief. Counts 3 and 4. FRANK, Hans, 46, govemoT-gef*e*al of Poia-nd inpder the Nazis. Counts 3 and 4. SAUCKEL, Fritz, 51, Nazi labour chief, the man who organised millions into slave gangs. Counts 3 and 4. BORMANN, Martin, 45 (tried in his absence) one-time Hitler’s deputy, whose reported death in trying to escape from Berlin in the last days of the siege has never been confirmed. Counts 3 and 4. Innocent On All Counts—Acquitted SCHACHT, Hjalmar, 69, former president of the Reichsbank, and reputed “financial wizard” who saved pre-Hitler Germany from economic disaster. PAPEN, Franz von, 66, elder diplomat and former German Chancellor. FRITSCHE, Hans, 46, Goebbels’ chief lieutenant at the Propaganda Ministry, and the man who broadcast many of the war-time military commentaries. KEITEL STIFF- backed TO LAST DOENITZ ONLY ONE TO SHOW ANGER V E IT E L entered the Nuremberg court-room and stood up stiffly while Lord Justice Law­rence uttered the sentence. He withstood his shoulders back and with not the slightest flicker of emotion in his face ashe was sentenced to death by hanging. Thus Keitel, who wanted a sol­der’s death— shooting— will not get his wish new unless he wins clemency irom the AT.ied Control Council Streicher for the first time in two davs was not chewing sum ashe entered the dock. He grimaced and nodded his head slightly as sentence wa* nronounced then left the court. Schirach *tood in the dock with his hands crossed at the waist He was stern, and look angered ashe hoard the sentence He also walked cut immediately without saying anything or making any demonstration. Wooden-Faccd Von Neurath also appeared wooden-faced, and nodded slightly at the verdict. Like most of ihe other efendants, he showed no emotion. Bormann's sentence in absentia was pronounced to an empty dock. Jodi maintained a soldierly bear- in* but his face was flushed. He .swayed very slightly, but otherwise showed no reaction. Frank did not appear to know what to dv as ,e entered the dock. He ^ei his hands rigidly in front of him and then clasped them loosely He nodded with a weak smile to his lawyer just before sen-tence of death by hanging was passed Doenitzs lace was grave ashe heard the 10 years* sentence passed on him He banged down the ear­phones and walked quickly from the court. Despite his compara­tively light sentence he was the only defendant to show any visible anger. Funk seemed to be in a daze throughout the pronouncement of the sentence of life imprisonment. Raeder stood erect with his hands at his sides He appeared to be utterly unmoved. Rosenberg threw down the ear­phones after sentence of death by hanging had been passed. Kaltenbrunner, like Keitel, en­tered the court stiffly. After the sentence of death bv hanging had been Dassed on hijn he bowed agan. Sauckcl gulped nervously at firs!. h:s rttle. pinched face, with tinv toothbrush moustache, frown­ing anxiously. Ho cast a last angry glare at the judges before de­parting. Goering Hears Doom in One Minute HESS DIDN’T EVEN LISTEN From JAMES A. JONES o f “Courts Day bv Day.” SOVIET JUDGE PROTESTS N u rem berg, Tuesday. WEVER has Lord Justice 1 1 Lawrence so dominated the Tribunal ashe did this afternoon when Goering, alone, walked into the hushed courtroom of the Palace of Justice to hear his fate. Goering is still a big man, though grey of face, and he looks bigger in his pearl-grey suit. But Lord Justice Lawrence, small and bald, sitting in the centre of the judges, was mani­festly master of the situation. Under the penetrating gaze of the Bench, Goering walked just inside the door and stood between whiite-helmeted guardls. He put his earphones on without any feeling sihowing on his stoniy grey face. The President, in his cold, in­cisive voice, began:“ De*fendiant Hermann Wilhelm Coercing, on counts of the indict­ment— ,”but Goermg shook his head, indicating that he could not hear, and Lord Justice Lawrence halted. Vanished Goering bent down to (he switch, then stood upright again, looking small between his giant guards. '*Can you hear now?** Goering shook his head Another pair of earDhones were handed him and he adjusted them over his ears, seeming to srr:le faintly ashe did so. The clear-cut voice sounded again“ Hermann Wilhelm Goerin*, on couns of the indictment on which» rou have been convicted, the In­ternational Military Tribunal sen­tences you to death by hanging.“ For a moment Goering stood stiffly there. Ilis expression re­vealed nothing :his eyes were stony chin outthrust body utterly immobile. Then he reached his hands up­ward. quietly took off the ear­phones. and in two deliberate, un­hurried steps had vanished from sight. Little more than a minute had passed. He had been hard as i*on ail that time. A brief pause followed as the crowded court sat frozen Tie don* opened again and into the empty dock came Hess. He stood.| a shrunken skeleton, between the j guards and did not put on ear­phones, look at the judges, or attempt to listen. He stared round the court as though he had never seen it be­fore. eyes blank in dark sockets. The words 4 4 imprisonment for life *might never been uttered After days of hot. dust-laden sunlight, dawn had oroken grey and dank on this greatest day of the world's greatest trial. Nurem­ berg’s citizens watched it with in­difference amid the ruins of their streets. Tanks might point their guns theateningly from the streets around the Palace of Justice machine-guns might bristle from rooftops traffic might be halted in the dusty suburbs of the ruined city, and all travellers might be called upon to show their papers to stern sentries But no crowds massed at the gates to await news of the leaders they once hailed The women were queueing for food and the men were seeking firewood. Final Scene The fallen men, after their last night before knowing their fate, swept their cells like any common criminals, ate a frugal breakfast and went to their /amiliar places on the wooden informs the dock. Nazis whose word once meant death to millions* forgathered the last time in the dock and did their poor best to chat casually to each other while waiting for the last grim words. DISMISSALS AND HESS SENTENCE ATTACKED ^ORD JUSTICE LAWRENCE announced that the Russian Judge protested against the acquittal of Schacht, von Papen and Fritsche. He also did not agree with the, decisions to find the German Cabinet and German High Com­mand not guilty as groups. I He pretested also at the decision on Hess whom he thought should have been sentenced to death. In announcing the Soviet Judges dissent. Lord Justice Law­rence added: “This dissenting opinion will be put into writing and annexed to the judgment, which will be published as soon as possible.” •Austria Wants to Try Papen Now Von Papen. acquitted by the Nuremberg Tribunal, may yet be found guilty of other war crimes. Together with Schirach and Seyss-lnquart, he has been requested ”by the Austrian Government for trial in Austria.— B.U.P. Ribbentrop giving a Nazi salute from the steps of the German Embassy in Carlton House-terrace. AND THESE WERE THE CHARGES A Forlorn Smile Goenng d:d his gallant best to talk smilingly ashe waited i-or the judges, and even drew a forlorn smile to Ribbentrup's while lip*>. 4 4 Attention 1 *’cried the usher. All in court rose Judges filed in sombrely. Then all were seated i again, with rustle of papers, and j Hess wrappeJ an Army blanket round his skeleton knees. Through tne icy stillness sounded the cold, deliberate voice of Lord Justice Lawrence— “The Tribunal will now state its reasons in giving judgment or guilt or innocence” He addressed himself first to Goering. who stared back greyly witn arms folded The verdict was Guilty— as \twas to be against alt these hagsard men except Schacht. Papen and Fritsche Those three did not not know vet that ihc shadow nf death would be lifted from them They listened Please turn to Page 6 THE EDMONTON PLAN Edmonton’s first large post-war development plan, dealing with the Fore-street area, has been sent to the Ministry of Town and Country Planning It includes homes, busi­ness premises, town halL a school, and anew FOUR COUNTS IN THE GRIM INDICTMENT This is the indictment which brought Hitler’s “Old Gang” before the bar of world justice on November 20 last year: COUNT 1.— The common plan or conspiracy to commit crimes against peace, war crimes, and crimes against humanity. COUNT 2.— Crimes against peace, the planning and waging of wars of aggression against Poland, Britain. France, Den­mark, Norway, Belgium, Hol­land, Luxembourg, Yugoslavia, Greece. Russia, and the U.S. COUNT 3 —War Crimes: Murder and ill-treatment of civilian populations of occupied territory and on the high seas deportation of civilians for slave labour murder and ill- treatment of prisoners-of-war killing of hostages plunder of public and private property the exaction of collective penal­ties wanton destruction and devastation conscription of civilian labour forcing civilians of occupied territories to swear allegiance to a hostile Power Germanisation of occupied territories. COUNT 4.— Crimes against humanity Murder, extermina­tion, enslavement, deportation and other inhumane acts com- mittsd against civilian popula­tions before and during the war political, racial, and re­ligious persecution. £THE LONDONER’ AGAIN Sir John Squire Joins ‘‘The Evening News” O E FORE the war one of the most widely read features of T/ie Evening N pws was! a short essay by “The Londoner." '[So d:arming. so erudite were these essays on such a variety of topics that their anonymous ¦writer was often referred toss the Charles Lamb of his times. We of The Eveninq News were very proud of the literary distinction of “The Londoner,” And it was a grievous blow to us when, in the early days of the war. he died. lie was Oswald Barron. To-day I am happy to an­nounce that “The Londoner ”is being resumed. And happier still that I have been able to prevail on one of Barron’s closest friends and one of the most distinguished literary figures of the today contribute the feature— Sir John Squire. You will find it on Page Two. where it will appear every Tuesday To-day’s essay is byway introduction and tribute. THE EDITOR TEN YEARS AGO IN LONDON when he realised Miner was oeni on war Fritsche: Merely an unfterUpg oft Goebbels, whose orders he carried1 out or passed on, J-odl s The arch-pJanner of the- war He signed the order to shoot Commandos and war prisoners. Streicher *He infected the Ger­man mind with the virus, of anti-Semitism. Raeder :The idea of invading Norway was his before it occurred to Hitler. He tried to dissuade the Fuehrer from attacking Russia, and urged war cn Britain as “our- main enemy/* Full details of the judges’ com­ments in PAGE FIVE/ MRS. MIKE Mv wife broadcasts all m.v mis­doings.— Husband at Tottenham Police Court to-day. I. vnii ditcft, nov ciiea iu « aead injuries. Three witnesses admitted making false staie- ments to police. Coi H. H Kenshole. assistant doputv coroner, East London, said witnesses had at first con­spired over date of accident, but had rec&nted. INTER OAT VENT u The most timely opportunity of the season Probably the LARGEST SHOW RO O Min the Country devoted to the display of COATS. From the 4 4 PETITE t» the “out size :*Priced from£ 5 to £23\ .-'S 'P*G l s rAN ATTRACTIVE* COAT—one of the many styles available. It ijt modelled in soft fin­ished Wool cloth in gay colours and up-to-the- minute styling. Shades include Turftan, Choco­late, Lime Green, Pine, Shamrock, Ice Blue. To fit hips 36 to 44 ins, £17.11.0 Eighteen Coupons. Post Free Coat Salon, Second Floor JOHN BARKER &CO LTD Higk Street Kensington W8 West
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