Parade No 129 Vol 10 January 30th 1943

Parade. January 30.1 Q 43. Mo. 1*9 Vol. 10 iS8 H! ¦HR K 1 .'JANUARY xo. 1943 Duce Loses African Empire y u r l l /Ct l l /'Eighth Army Heads For Tunisia 1 1 I t ??j Germans Admit “Gravity Of Hour” Stalingrad Sewers Axis Sepnlclires Only three months after Axis armies threatened Alexandria, Britain's Eighth Army at dawn on Saturday entered Tripoli and swept on toward Tunisia. The 7th Armoured Division —the "Des­ert Rats” —were first in. Tripoli’s fall drew the curtain on the second’ Roman Empire in Africa and on the works of its Sawdust Caesar. Godfrey Talbot of the B.B.C. described the British ad­vance on Tripoli as a‘‘like great gold rush, with the Eighth Army's transport and armour stream­ing forward through a 100-miles swirl of dust." Voicing London jubilation The Observer said :“We in England may feel justly proud not only of the victorious achievement of the Eighth Army, but also of the way in which our dangers and reverses informer stages were overcome. To­gether with Generals Alexander and Montgome­ry, whose 1,400-miles advance from Alamein to Tripoli. will go down in military history as a mod­el of forethought and tenacious energy, the country thinks of Field Marshal W avell and General Auchinleck who staved off defeat when the power of the enemy seemed overwhelming. One thinks above all of the men, British, Imperial and Allied, of the Eighth Army, who, together with the R.A.F., the Mediterranean Fleet and the people of Malta, have written an epic second to none in the martial annals of this or any other country.” Libya was Germany's base f^ sr the conquest of Africa ,Tunisia becomes the African toehold sfrom which she hopes to defend Southern Europe. Because they hold the rail-linked ports of Biz- erta, Tunis, Sfax, Sousse and Gabes, the loss of Tripoli is less important to the Germans than is its gain to the Allies. “Watch Out, America” Tripoli is the advanced base from which the Eighth Army will attack again the A frika Korps. British Official Press estimates Rommel has half the men he had at Alamein, not more than a quar­ter of the tanks and heavily depleted artillery, transport and air arm. Whether Rommel will try to hold the strong natural defences near Gabes or fallback on General von Arnim’s troops, thus concentrating at the end of its short sea lanes the whole Axis force in Africa, is not yet apparent. Arnim has 70,000 troops. On the western side of the enemy triangle Gabes-Sicily-Bizerta the British First Army with American support is whipping into shape its ex­tremely long and rain-soused lines of communi­cation. (The battle line is marked on the map in page six). French headquarters in Tunisia late last week reported a heavy German armoured attack in Central Tunisia between 50 miles south­west of Tunis and 40 miles south-west of Kai- rouan. “Watch out, America” warned Joseph Grew, former U.S. Ambassador in Tokyo, last week. “Watch out lest the Japanese attempt to achieve by trickery what they cannot accomplish by strength. Watch out for jujitsu diplomacy.” Grew was echoing an earlier warning by Vice-Presi­ dent Henry A. Wallace :“When the Axis sees the writing on the wail, it will turn its attention toward winning the peace and laying the found­ations for World War III. If we follow the same methods as last time, Germany and Japan will win the peace and World War III.” In urgent tone responsible Poles repeated their earlier assertion that extermination of their race was part of Germany’s peace-with-victory plan. As the New York Times put it for them :Through blood, the blood of the conquered races, Hitler seeks to create soil, soil for the expansion of the German master race.” A spokesman at the Polish Legation in Canada said the killing of Poles had now reached a point where it jeopard­ ised Poland’s existence as a nation. ‘High Unit­ed Nations authorities” were planning ‘means of halting the German outrages.” Standing in deep snow, rock-faced General Igor Sikorski, Prime Minister of Poland, told Polish troops on church parade in Scotland that when they entered Germany they were to kill without mercy. "We will exact a revenge never before known in history” he said. “We will pen­etrate to the very interior of the Reich. W e shail enter their houses. W e shall show no mercy.” Mr Churchill and President Roosevelt have completed ten- days meeting at Ca­sablanca., French Morocco, it was an­nounced on Wednes­day. They reached complete agreement on the “offensive campaigns of 1943.” Their prime object is “to draw as much of the weight as possible off the Russian armies.” Polish Comintern member Manuilski, broad­casting from Moscow to the Red Army, said :“When the Red Army drives the Germans from Russian soil, not a single hand will be lifted in Poland to offer them a slice of bread. The ashes of burning Polish villages will blind them. At the roadsides they will see gallows they themselves have erected. Everyone will spit in their German faces. The children will stone them. And then the Germans will start to talk about justice. They will not only talk. They will shout and they will blub­ber, whimpering ‘I did nothing. It was Hans Miil- ler who did it. He killed those children. He raped the girl. Not me’... If the Germans cry for mercy, comrades, wipe them out, kill them." In the heart of Prussia they felt the breath of hate. In his weekly D as Reich harangue Gobbels confessed :“If we win this war, the whole world will be our friends if we lose it we will be able to count our friends on the fingers of one hand.” Fiihrer Sever Forgets Axis broadcasts continue to abe sensitive in­dicator of flickers in Axis morale. Announcing reverses on the east front and in Africa, the Ber­lin announcer on Saturday gravely and slowly said :‘‘These are critical, moments... The German people is conscious of the gravity of the hour.” The same night Radio Roma, more immediately concerned over the fall of Tripoli, said :“The great battle fought by Italy for 32 months on the African shore has now reached its epilogue... The sacrifice of territory is painful, all the more so because it is a region which has belonged to Italy for a third of a century and has been made fertile by hard work and Italian blood.” On the frozen east front, the armies of the Axis took sock, sock, sock from the Red Army. Big­gest prizes of the week for the Red Army were Arm avir, railway junction leading to the Maikop oilfields, and Salsk, railway junction on the Stal- ingrad-Krasnodar railway, 100 miles south-east of Rostov. Any further Russian advance toward Rostov might necessitate rapid German with­drawal from the Caucasus as the only alternative to encirclement. From the smoke-filled sky above Stalingrad yellow leaflets fluttered to earth. They were addressed toD eutsche Soldaten. “Your Fiihrer has not forgotten you they said. But the Russians said many of the German troops in Stal­ingrad were instill hiding in the sewers the manhole lids were under ice. The Germans would never seethe light again. On the 19th anniversary of Lenin's death, the Russians released the story of the martyrdom of Leningrad. Henry Shapiro of the United Press wrote :“The breaking of the blockade of Lenin­grad has lifted a corner of the veil on one of the grimmest tragedies of mass suffering in modern times... Food rations finally declined to 125 grams {4.4 ounces) of bread and a plate of watery soup a day... Boys are shrivelled for want of food. Their cheeks have shrunk so far that their eyes stafe out of their heads like luminous coals.” In a Lenin Day leader Pravda wrote :“Vladimir Lenin names will live as long as civilisation. Lenin's main achievement is the unity he was able to create among workers, peasants and intellectuals r Axis Taunts Neutrals Sweden's refusal to supply Germany with workers provoked from Axis propagandists fresh >taunts. Radio Roma’s Mario Appelius complain-ed :“Switzerland. Sw’eden and other neutrals have their national destiny on the points of our bayonets. One day they will shed tears of blood" An anonymous commentator on Berlin said :"Newspapers in Geneva, Berne ich still write that the Germans and Bolsheviks may fight each other as much as they like, but that neither will get any assistance from the Swiss. And in Stockholm they refuse to provide labour for Europe... W e have no time to bandy words with cowards but those who agitate be­hind the backs of nations engaged in heavy fight­ing will be suitably dealt with after the war." While cursing the neutrals. Axis propaganda lavished praise on Rumania for the gallantry of her troops and the enormity of their sacrifice on the east front. Aldo Valori, of Radio Roma, said Premier Antonescu's recent visit to Hitler was “no secondary event” because Rumania’s role would be “vital and critical” when the Allies attacked through the Balkans. The B.B.C.'s Wickham Steed said Germany's loss of the Mai­ kop oilfields would make oil-bubbling Rumania doubly precious to the Axis. Rumanian cavalry, according to Istanbul reports, were complaining the Germans were eating their horses and thus making them infantry. Following London conversations between Greek King George and Premier Tsouderos, Vice-Premier and War Minister Kanellopoulos pleased all Greek factions by declaring :"When our country is liberated the Greek Government will immediately resign in order that a Govern­ment maybe formed that will represent all polit­ical and social trends.” Personal notes :Crown Princess Juliana of the Netherlands gave birth at Ottawa to a 7-lbs daughter, Margriet Francisca Major Eric Knight, author of This Above All, was killed in an air crash in Netherlands Guiana Munich- born Anglicised Lord Hirst, chairman of £10,000,000 General Electric, died in London, aged 79 Alexander Woolcott, American essay­ist, died before a microphone in New York.----------- -“ParaJe” Cover- ----------Tank crew arrives in Tripoli. Picture by “Parade” cameraman Bela Zola shows crew resting beneath column on which is mounted figure of the she- wolf which suckled Romulus (according to legend the founder o f Rome) and his twin brother Remus.
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