Parade No 119 Vol 10 November 21st 1942

Parade, November 21, No. 119 Vol. to FARABI! NOVEMBER 21,1942 Britain Rings Victory Bells T T||r |^11/ r fir Tunis Becomes Mew African Battlefield f 1 L Roe> I Dan l Smuts Warns o f U-Boat Peril French Fleet Stays at Toulon For the first time since the fall of France the church bells of England rang out on Sunday. Through two and a-half dangerous years they had been silenced, that their ringing might warn of German invasion. But on Sunday, following amendment of the rules by Winston Churchill, they rang that ‘‘those who listen to their peals will have thankful hearts” for “an historic British victory.” The P.M. urged the nation to “rejoice, provided we do not relax.” With the victorious A.E.F. and the British First Army pressing eastward from their Moroc­can and Algerian bases and with the Eighth Army pushing Rommel across Cyrenaica, Tuni­sia seemed to be pegged out as the African arena of the coming weeks. Tunisia, the province to which the Romans originally applied the name of “Africa.” Goring in 1938 spoke of Italy as “Ger­ many’s bridge to Africa and the great spaces be­yond.” The British Press last week spoke of Tu­nisia as the Allies’ bridge to Italy and the great spaces beyond. By Sunday, the First Army was engaging German troops near Bizerta. The task of harrying Rommel's army is not more urgent than that of denying Tunis to German aircraft” warned the Manchester Guardian. In London, The Economist saw in the North African successes the taking up by the United Nations of positions on the third and southern side of the triangle which now hems in the Ger­mans, and, more important, the gaining of much- needed land... “The greatest lack of the Allies in this war, by contrast with the last, has been the lack of the land of France, broad and pointing at the enemy’s heart... But now the outer ring of steei is being closed.'” Similarly, The Times com­mented :“So the siege in...closes Sea power has been successfully translated into land power.” From Berlin a radio spokesman said :“The Ger­mans are onlooking with sovereign and cold calm. German strategy was always characterised by sovereign calm." Darla n Versus Ger many While history was made on French African soil, the world watched Metropolitan France. The Evening Standard recently termed Vichy France “the oddest military force that ever in­fluenced the course of a war.” By the middle of the week, the status of the French higher-ups was still obscure but it seemed that Vichy would remain the ally of Germany. An official Vichy communique said the entry of Axis troops into the “free zone” did not affect “the sovereignty of Vichy." Through Berlin radio, the commentator Frank Braun hinted the French Government was “now free to move to Versailles.” O f the Vichy triumvirate, Laval and Petain were instill the Hitler fold, while Darlan was in North Africa calling a halt to the French war against the Americans and British and urging the French Fleet at Toulon to clear out. Darlan war­ned French forces in Africa to observe “strictest neutrality.” Petain on Saturday telegraphically chastised Darlan :“You were charged with the defence of North Africa against American aggres­sion the decision you have taken is in contradic­tion to our orders." But in a message the same today French officials in North Africa, Darlan chanted: “Vive la France vive le Marechal.” Laval, it was revealed, had been in Munich im­mediately before the invasion of the “free zone.” The Times comment was: “Whether she [France] will be formally at war, and with whom, remains to be seen. Whether... Petain will tread the road of humiliation, which leads to Versailles, or the road of honour, which points challengingly and hopefully to Algiers, events of the next few days will show,” “The French naval commanders at Toulon having pledged their word that they will not leave the port,” Hitler ordered the occupying troops to skip the French naval base. On top of Darlan’s appeal, American General Dwight D. Eisenhower called through Radio Algiers to the French sai­lors to “sail to Gibraltar and join us.” But the warships of France remained, steam up, behind the breakwater in the outer roadstead of hill-ring­ ed Toulon. from "Time and Tide’ Hitler still thinks he can win the war with the unterseeboot. General Jan C. Smuts warned a London audience. “Germany is making an un­heard of concentration of materials, manpower and engineering resources for the building and operation of u-boat packs... In spite of all our efforts, the u-boat campaign is still on the in­crease. It is evidently Germany’s last hope. So also it should be our first and foremost task to tackle.” The P.M .Promises Second F iron “Dear Mr. Cassidy,” started a message from Josef Stalin to the world. For the second time in a month, Stalin chose as his international mouth­piece Henry C. Cassidy, of the Associated Press of America. In a written reply to three questions from correspondent Cassidy, Stalin termed the North African campaign “an outstanding opera­tion of major importance.” Also :“Only a first class organisation is capable of insetting motion operations of such a scope and of destroying so rapidly the Axis forces in the desert.” In Russia, the new operations “will soon make themselves felt." Rarely before had such friendly words about the soldiers of the British and American allies come from the Kremlin. The British and American communique on ag­reement with Russia over a “second front in 1942” was a leg-pull, Winston Churchill admitted to the Commons last week. It so pulled the Germans' leg, the P.M. said, that it tied up along the Pas de Calais and in Western Europe more than 33 German divisions and one third of the German fighter force. Deceiving the British public was “perfectly justifiable” as long as the enemy was deceived. The Russian Government was not de­ceived. Churchill on June 1 gave Russia, "who is three times as strong a living organism as she was in the last war,” a written statement that “while we were preparing to make a landing in 1942, we could not promise to do so.” The P.M. said the second front “would be made indue course across the Channel or the North Sea,” “immense prepa­ration” being in hand at “all suitable ports.” Rea­sons for delay in the second front were size of the German Army in France and the “immense” fortifications alonr> the French and Norwegian coasts... “The one great obstacle to the constant unity of the Allies is geography.” The Moscow trip was necessary “to prevent a great deal of friction and ill-feeling between us and our Rus­sian allies. I have a great and solid belief in the wisdom and good faith of this outstanding man [Stalin] and although the news I brought was not welcomed or considered by them adequate... we parted good friends and complete understand­ing exists between us.” Britain already had sent 19 convoys to Russia, each of which had meant an important fleet operation. The P.M. spoke of the “complete tactical vic­tory” in the Western Desert. British casualties were 13,600 officers and men, of whom 58 percent came from the United. Kingdom. British 25- pounders had shown themselves “the best field guns in the world.” The new 105 mm. self-pro­ pelled American guns in the desert were "most useful weapons for contending with the German 88 mm.” The arrival in Middle East of Generals Alex­ander and Montgomery had "an electrifying ef­fect" on the troops. The P.M. termed the 10th Corps, comprising two British Armoured divi­sions and aNew Zealand division, “this thunder­bolt that finished Rommel and his arrogant army.” He called the New Zealand division “that ball of fire.” American Naval Victory Following continued questioning in the United States as to Britain’s post-war intentions in the lost colonial territories (a questioning led lately by Wendell Willkie and Life), Winston Chur­chill had something to say in a Mansion House speech case:“In there should be any mistake about it in any quarter... we mean to hold our own. I have not become the King’s First Minister in order to preside over the liquidation of the Bri­tish Empire. For that task, if ever it were pres­cribed, someone else would have to be found, and, under democracy, the nation, I suppose, would have to be consulted.” Paying tribute to the 1,089,000 Britons who died in World War 1, King George V Ion Ar­mistice Day laid a laurel and poppy wreath on the Cenotaph. A minute later, two Wrens, one from Grenada and one from Kenya, laid a wreath “from the Governments and peoples of the Colo­nial Empire.” Intertwined in the wreath were orchids which would come normally from Ran­goon and Singapore. They were ingrown the hothouses of the Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew. In the week, the Germans made headway nei­ther at Stalingrad nor in the Caucasus. At Stalin­grad there were 45 degrees of frost. Violent infighting the Yishan Mountains, of Shantung, was reported in a Chungking commu­nique. To retain these important heights, the Chinese are resisting heavy Japanese attacks. While the Australian-American inoffensive Papua continues satisfactorily, the Americans have won a naval battle in the Solomons, sinking 23 Japanese ships, 1 1 of them warships. "The mightiest sea battle since Jutland,” said the Unit­ed Press. Washington correspondents thought the battle would be followed by the expulsion of the Japanese from the Solomons. ‘‘Parade ”Cover- In the ticket booth of wrecked hall in Sidi Barrani a wag pretends he is handing our tickets to Tripoli. Other desert pictures on pages 4,5 and 6
Add Names

Disclaimer

We have sought to ensure that the content of this website complies with UK copyright law. Please note however, that we may have been unable to ascertain the rights holders of some items. Where we have digitised items, we have done so with items that to the best of our knowledge, following due investigations, are in the public domain. While the original works are in the public domain we reserve all rights to the usage of the digital works.

The document titled Parade No 119 Vol 10 November 21st 1942 is beneath this layer.

To view this document now, please sign up as a full access member.

Free Account Registration

Please enter your first name
Please enter your surname
Please enter a valid email address
Please enter your password
By creating an account you agree to us emailing you with newsletters and discounts, which you can switch off in your account at any time

Already a member? Log in now
Small Medium Large Landscape Portrait
;