The London Gazette is one of the official journals of record of the British government, and the most important among such official journals in the United Kingdom, in which certain statutory notices are required to be published.
The London Gazette claims to be the oldest surviving English newspaper and the oldest continuously published newspaper in the UK, having been first published on 7th November 1665 as The Oxford Gazette.
Amongst the notices published in the London Gazette are:
Commissions in the Armed Forces and subsequent promotion of officers
& the granting of awards of honours and military medals.
A soldier mentioned in dispatches (or despatches) (MID) is one whose name appears in an official report written by a superior officer and sent to the high command, in which is described the soldier's gallant or meritorious action in the face of the enemy.
In the British Armed Forces, the despatch is published in the London Gazette.
Soldiers of the British Empire or the Commonwealth of Nations who are mentioned in dispatches but do not receive a medal for their action, are nonetheless entitled to receive a certificate and wear a decoration.
Prior to 1979, a mention in dispatches was one of the few awards that could be made posthumously, the others being the Victoria Cross and George Cross.
Soldiers can be mentioned multiple times.
Awards of medals are also recorded for all official gallantry awards made. Only very high awards of medals such as the George Cross/Victoria Cross were accompanied by a written ‘citation’ on a regular basis, most others especially during the busy wartime periods were only recorded as a listing without any explanation as to why the award was made.
Please be aware that due to the way we collate, and cross reference our databases, some records will contain more information than that listed above.
Original Source: Transcribed and compiled from the London Gazette and supplements.
Some of the material on this page was also partially derived from
Which are released under the terms of Creativecommons.org/licenses/by-s/3.0/.