The Boer Wars were two wars fought during 1880–1881 and 1899–1902 by the British Empire against the Dutch settlers of two independent Boer republics, the Orange Free State and the Transvaal Republic.
By contrast to the 1st Boer war was a lengthy war—involving large numbers of troops from many British possessions, which ended with the conversion of the Boer republics into British colonies (with a promise of limited self-governance). These colonies later formed part of the Union of South Africa. The British fought directly against the Transvaal and the Orange Free State, defeating their forces first in open warfare and then in a long and bitter guerrilla campaign. British losses were high due to both disease and combat. The policies of "scorched earth" and civilian internment in concentration camps (adopted by the British to prevent support for the farmers/Boer commando campaign) ravaged the civilian populations in the Transvaal and the Orange Free State and news of which led to a significant erosion of support for the war in Britain.
The Boer War also had other significance. The Army Medical Corps discovered that 40–60% of men presenting for service were physically unfit to fight. This was the first time in which the government was forced to take notice of how unhealthy the British population was. This strengthened the call for the liberal reforms of the first decade of the twentieth century.
Wikipedia report the numbers as:
13,250 died of disease
However there are differing reports of the exact split of casualties, with up to 42,000 being mooted from some sources, all agree however that disease was the main cause of death.
300,000 Horses also died in this conflict: these are not, however, recorded in this data set!
Please be aware that due to the way we collate, and cross reference our databases, some records will contain more information than that listed above.
Original Source: The Boer War Casualty roll 1899-1902 by Alexander M Palmer
Oaklands South Africa Field Force Casualty List 1899-1902 by Fsan MG Hibbard 1972
(Originally published by the War Office in 6 parts), this later publication has a number of significant corrections to the original TNA records.
Natal Field Force Casualty List 20 October 1899 to 26 October 1900
The national archives
WO 108/360 –this is the most complete listings of casualties for the SAFF.
Similar lists of casualties are in WO 108/89-91, 338 and WO 25.
Naval losses are recorded in ADM 116/529.
A list of soldiers buried in colonies in Cape Province is DO 119/1479.
Some of the material on this page was also partially derived from : en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boer_Wars
Which are released under the terms of