A much more recent compilation following the immensely popular 1861 Worldwide Army Index, the 1871 edition was compiled from War Office Paylists held at the National Archives in series WO 10-11-12 and lists all commissioned officers, NCOs and other ranks serving in the April-June Quarter of 1871 together with their regimental HQ location. The index is effectively a military surrogate for the 1871 census taken on 2 April 1871.
Also included are boys, musicians and civilians working in the armed forces as clerks, pension recruiters and suchlike.
The index contains at least 205,000 lines indicating army number, rank first and last names, regiment and regimental HQ location
Many thousands of men of the British Army were serving overseas in far flung parts of the British Empire over many decades of the 1800s. Many of those serving in 1871 could well have been serving as early as 1845 whilst others who joined in the census year might well have continued their service as late as 1895, exceptionally 1900.
If a male subject cannot easily be found in the 1871 census then he may not be where expected; or in Ireland (where there is no 1871 census equivalent); serving in the navy or abroad. There is a high probability that he was serving in the army.
Please be aware that due to the way we collate, and cross reference our databases, some records will contain more information than that listed above.
Original Source: Reproduced by courtesy of Roger Nixon