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Unit History: King's (Liverpool Regiment)

King's (Liverpool Regiment) The Regiment was first formed in 1685 by Lord Ferrars of Chartly as ‘Princess Anne of Denmark's Regiment of Foot’ after King James II’s second daughter (later Queen Anne). It was formed in response to the Monmouth Rebellion of 1685 when, James Scott the 1st Duke of Monmouth (the oldest illegitimate son of Charles II and James II’s nephew) unsuccessfully attempted to overthrow the unpopular King. His small force was swiftly put down at the Battle of Sedgemoor. The Regiment was under the command of James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick; the illegitimate son of King James II. In 1688 James II fled to France when Prince William of Orange was invited by the English Lords to become King William III. The Duke of Berwick decided to follow his father into exile and was replaced by Colonel John Beamon as the commanding officer of the Regiment.

As one of the oldest Regiments in the British army it took part in much of British Military History including the War of the Spanish Succession (1701-1714), fighting at Nijmegen, the capture of Huy and Limbourg, the capture of the Schellenberg fortress, the Battle of Blenheim, the Battle of Ramillies, the Battle of Oudenarde, the sieges of Ghent, Bruges and Lillie, the Siege of Tournai, and the Battle of Malplaquet.

When Princess Anne ascended to the throne in 1702 the Regiment became the Queen's Regiment of Foot. A Jacobite rebellion followed in 1715 when Queen Anne died. The Jacobite supporters hoped to install James Stuart (the legitimate son of James II of England) to the throne instead of the Hanoverian King George I. As unrest escalated in Britain, the Queen's Regiment fought against the numerically superior Jacobite army at the Battle of Sheriffmuir and succeeded in suppressing the rebellion. To honour the Regiment's service to King George I, the Queen's became the King's Regiment of Foot with the White Horse of Hanover as its badge. The Regiment then remained on garrison duties in Scotland and England until 1739.

The Regiment went on to serve during the War of the Austrian Succession (1740–48) fighting at the Battle of Fontenoy (1743) and the Battle of Dettingen. Until 1745 when the Regiment returned to Britain during the second Jacobite Rebellion, when Bonnie Prince Charlie (the grandson of James II) landed in Scotland, again attempting to regain the lost crown to the Stuart family. The Regiment fought at the Battles of Falkirk and Culloden.

In 1751 The British Army implemented a numbering system for Regiments which reflected the seniority of a Regiment by its date of creation and the King's became the 8th (The King's) Regiment of Foot. It went on to serve during the American Revolutionary War (1768-1785), and during the Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) seized the Island of Martinique in the West Indies. It suffered 1,700 casualties in the first 9 months of 5 year deployment in the West Indies, due to disease. The War of 1812 was a 32-month military conflict between the United States and the British Empire resolving many of the remaining issues of the American War of Independence, fighting at the attack at Ogdensburg, the Battle of Chippewa, the Battle of Lundy's Lane, action at Snake Hill and the siege of Fort Erie. The Regiment then went on to served during the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and the Second Afghan War (1878–1880).

In 1881 the regiment was renamed The King's (Liverpool Regiment) and in 1921 became The King's Regiment (Liverpool). The Regiment is one of only four Regiments associated with a city, unlike most British infantry Regiments, which are associated with a county. The Regiment went on to serve during the Third Burmese War (1885), Second Boer War (1899-1902), and two World Wars. In 1958 after 273 years of continuous existence, the Regiment was amalgamated with the Manchester Regiment, and became The King's Regiment (Manchester and Liverpool). In 2004 the British infantry was restructured once again and the King's Regiment was merged with King's Own Royal Border Regiment and The Queen's Lancashire Regiment to form The Duke of Lancaster's Regiment (King's, Lancashire and Border).

King's (Liverpool Regiment) during WW1

Since 1815 the balance of power in Europe had been maintained by a series of treaties. In 1888 Wilhelm II was crowned ‘German Emperor and King of Prussia’ and moved from a policy of maintaining the status quo to a more aggressive position. He did not renew a treaty with Russia, aligned Germany with the declining Austro-Hungarian Empire and started to build a Navy rivalling that of Britain. These actions greatly concerned Germany’s neighbours, who quickly forged new treaties and alliances in the event of war. On 28th June 1914 Franz Ferdinand the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne was assassinated by the Bosnian-Serb nationalist group Young Bosnia who wanted pan-Serbian independence. Franz Joseph's the Austro-Hungarian Emperor (with the backing of Germany) responded aggressively, presenting Serbia with an intentionally unacceptable ultimatum, to provoke Serbia into war. Serbia agreed to 8 of the 10 terms and on the 28th July 1914 the Austro-Hungarian Empire declared war on Serbia, producing a cascade effect across Europe. Russia bound by treaty to Serbia declared war with Austro-Hungary, Germany declared war with Russia and France declared war with Germany. Germany’s army crossed into neutral Belgium in order to reach Paris, forcing Britain to declare war with Germany (due to the Treaty of London (1839) whereby Britain agreed to defend Belgium in the event of invasion). By the 4th August 1914 Britain and much of Europe were pulled into a war which would last 1,566 days, cost 8,528,831 lives and 28,938,073 casualties or missing on both sides.

The Regiment formed 49 battalions and were awarded 58 Battle Honours and six Victoria Crosses, losing 15,000 men during the course of the war.


1st Battalion
04.08.1914 Stationed at Talavera Barracks, Aldershot at the outbreak of war. Joined the 6th Brigade of the 2nd Division and under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel W.S. Bannatyne
13.08.1914 Mobilised for war and landed at Havre as one of the original components of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF). They were one of the first Divisions engaged in action on the Western Front and remained there throughout the war;
During 1914
The Battle of Mons and the subsequent retreat, The Battle of the Marne, The Battle of the Aisne, First Battle of Ypres.
During 1915
Winter Operations 1914-15, The Battle of Festubert, The Battle of Loos.
During 1916
The Battle of Delville Wood, The Battle of the Ancre, Operations on the Ancre.
During 1917
The German retreat to the Hindenburg Line, The First Battle of the Scarpe, The Battle of Arleux, The Second Battle of the Scarpe, The Battle of Cambrai.
During 1918
The Battle of St Quentin, The Battle of Bapaume, The First Battle of Arras, The Battle of Albert, The Second Battle of Bapaume, The Battle of Havrincourt, The Battle of the Canal du Nord, The Battle of Cambrai, Battles of the Hindenburg Line, The Battle of the Selle.
11.11.1918 Ended the war in France, Preux-au-Sart, N.E. of Le Quesnoy.

2nd Battalion
04.08.1914 Stationed in Peshawar, India and remained there throughout the war as part of 1st (Peshawar) Brigade of the 1st (Peshawar) Division of Indian Army in the North-West Frontier Province.

3rd (Reserve) Battalion
04.08.1914 Stationed in Seathforth, Liverpool at the outbreak of war.
Aug 1914 Moved to Hightown, Merseyside.
July 1915 Moved to Pembroke Dock, Wales and then to Cork, Ireland in 1917.

4th (Extra Reserve) Battalion
04.08.1914 Stationed in Seathforth, Liverpool at the outbreak of war, then moved to Edinburgh.
06.03.1915 Mobilised for war and landed at Havre and transferred to Sirhind Brigade of the Lahore Division based at Robecq. They were engaged on the Western Front and involved in various actions;
The Battle of Neuve Chapelle, The Second Battle of Ypres and The Battle of Loos.
10.11.1915 Transferred to the 137th Brigade of the 46th Division.
03.12.1915 Transferred to the 56th and 58th Brigades of the 19th Division.
27.02.1916 Transferred to the 98th Brigades of the 33rd Division. They were engaged on the Western Front and involved in various actions;
During 1916
The Battle of Albert, The Battle of Bazentin, The attacks on High Wood, The capture of Boritska and Dewdrop Trenches.
During 1917
The First Battle of the Scarpe, The Second Battle of the Scarpe, The actions on the Hindenburg Line, Operations on the Flanders coast, The Battle of the Menin Road Ridge, The Battle of Polygon Wood.
During 1918
The Battle of Messines, The Battle of Hazebrouck, The Battle of Bailleul, The defence of Neuve Eglise, The First Battle for Kemmel Ridge, The fighting for and recapture of Ridge Wood, The Battle of the Epehy, The Battle of the St Quentin Canal, The Battle of the Beaurevoir Line, The Battle of Cambrai, The pursuit to the Selle, The Battle of the Selle.
11.11.1918 Ended the war in France, Sassegnies, N.W. of Avesnes.

1/5th Battalion Territorial Forces
04.08.1914 Stationed at St. Anne Street Liverpool, at the outbreak of war as part of the Liverpool Brigade of the West Lancashire Division then moved to Canterbury in the autumn.
22.02.1915 Mobilised for war and landed at Havre, transferred to 6th Brigade of the 2nd Division. They were engaged in various actions on the Western front including;
During 1915
The Battle of Festubert, The Battle of Loos.
15.12.1915 Transferred to 99th Brigade of the 2nd Division.
During 1916
The Battle of Delville Wood, The Battle of the Ancre, Operations on the Ancre.
07.01.1916 Transferred to 165th Brigade of the 55th Division and continued to engage in action on the Western Front;
During 1916
The Battle of Guillemont, The Battle of Ginchy, The Battle of Flers-Courcelette, The Battle of Morval.
During 1917
The Battle of Pilkem Ridge, attack’s in the Spree, Pond and Schuler Farms area, The Battle of Menin Road Ridge, The Third Battles of the Ypres, and Phases of the Cambrai Operations.
During 1918
The Battle of Estaires, The Defence of Givenchy, The Battle of Hazebrouck, The capture of Givenchy craters.
11.11.1918 Ended the war in Belgium, Ath. The Division was used to repair road and railway in the Leuze area and demobilisation began on 03.01.1919.

1/6th (Rifle) Battalion Territorial Forces
04.08.1914 Stationed at Upper Warwick Street Liverpool, at the outbreak of war as part of the Liverpool Brigade of the West Lancashire Division and then moved to Canterbury in the autumn.
25.02.1915 Mobilised for war and landed at Havre, transferred to 15th Brigade of the 5th Division based at Bailleul. They were engaged in various actions on the Western front including;
The Second Battle of Ypres and the Capture of Hill 60
18.11.1915 Transferred to Third Army Troops in the same Division.
26.01.1916 Transferred to 165th Brigade of the 55th Division. They were engaged in various actions on the Western front including;
During 1916
The Battle of Guillemont, The Battle of Ginchy, The Battle of Flers-Courcelette, The Battle of Morval.
During 1917
The Battle of Pilkem Ridge, attack’s in the Spree, Pond and Schuler Farms area, The Battle of Menin Road Ridge, The Third Battles of the Ypres, and Phases of the Cambrai Operations.
During 1918
The Battle of Estaires, The Defence of Givenchy, The Battle of Hazebrouck, The capture of Givenchy craters.
11.11.1918 Ended the war in Belgium, west of Ath. The Division used to repair road and railway in the Leuze area and demobilisation began on 03.01.1919.

1/7th Battalion Territorial Forces
04.08.1914 Stationed at Bootle, Liverpool, at the outbreak of war as part of the Liverpool Brigade of the West Lancashire Division and then moved to Canterbury in the autumn.
08.03.1915 Mobilised for war and landed at Havre, transferred to 6th Brigade of the 2nd Division based at Vendin-lez-Bethune. They were engaged in various actions on the Western front including; The Battle of Festubert.
04.09.1915 Transferred to the 5th Brigade of the 2nd Division.
11.11.1915 Transferred to the 22nd Brigade of the 7th Division.
07.01.1916 Transferred to the 165th Brigade of the 55th Division and were again engaged in actions on the Western Front;
During 1916
The Battle of Guillemont, The Battle of Ginchy, The Battle of Flers-Courcelette, The Battle of Morval.
During 1917
The Battle of Pilkem Ridge, attack’s in the Spree, Pond and Schuler Farms area, The Battle of Menin Road Ridge, The Third Battles of the Ypres, and Phases of the Cambrai Operations.
During 1918
The Battle of Estaires, The Defence of Givenchy, The Battle of Hazebrouck, The capture of Givenchy craters.
11.11.1918 Ended the war in Belgium, Ligne west of Arth. The Division used to repair road and railway in the Leuze area and demobilisation began on 03.01.1919.

1/8th (Irish) Battalion Territorial Forces
04.08.1914 Stationed at Shaw Street, Liverpool, at the outbreak of war as part of the Liverpool Brigade of the West Lancashire Division and then moved to Canterbury in the autumn.
Feb 1915 Move to Sevenoaks and transferred to North Lancashire Brigade.
18.04.1915 Brigade then became the 3rd Highland Brigade of the Highland Division.
03.05.1915 Mobilised for war and landed at Boulogne.
12.05.1915 Formation became the 154th Brigade of the 51st Division and they were engaged in various actions on the Western front including; The Battle of Festubert, The Second Action of Givenchy.
07.01.1916 Transferred to the 165th Brigade of the 55th Division and were again engaged in actions on the Western Front;
During 1916
The Battle of Guillemont, The Battle of Ginchy, The Battle of Flers-Courcelette, The Battle of Morval.
During 1917
The Battle of Pilkem Ridge, attack’s in the Spree, Pond and Schuler Farms area, The Battle of Menin Road Ridge, The Third Battles of the Ypres, and Phases of the Cambrai Operations.
31.01.1918 Transferred to the 171th Brigade of the 57th Division absorbing the 2/8th Battalion.
During 1918
The Battle of the Scarpe, The Battle of the Drocourt-Queant Line, The Battle of the Canal du Nord, The Battle of the Cambrai, The occupation of Lille, Final advance in Artois,
11.11.1918 Ended the war in France, Hellemmes, east of Lille.

1/9th Battalion Territorial Forces
04.08.1914 Stationed at Everton Road, Liverpool, at the outbreak of war as part of the South Lancashire Brigade of the West Lancashire Division.
13.08.1914 Moved to Edinburgh, then Tunbridge Wells.
13.03.1915 Mobilised for war and landed at Havre and transferred to the 2nd Brigade of the 1st Division.
12.11.1915 Transferred to the 3rd Brigade of the 1st Division where they were engaged in various actions on the Western front including; The Battle of Aubers, The Battle of Loos
07.01.1916 Transferred to the 165th Brigade of the 55th Division.
During 1916
The Battle of Guillemont, The Battle of Ginchy, The Battle of Flers-Courcelette, The Battle of Morval.
During 1917
The Battle of Pilkem Ridge, attack’s in the Spree, Pond and Schuler Farms area, The Battle of Menin Road Ridge, The Third Battles of the Ypres, and Phases of the Cambrai Operations.
01.02.1918 Transferred to the 172nd Brigade of the 57th Division absorbing the 2/9th Battalion.
During 1918
The Battle of the Scarpe, The Battle of the Drocourt-Queant Line, The Battle of the Canal du Nord, The Battle of the Cambrai, The occupation of Lille, Final advance in Artois,
11.11.1918 Ended the war in France, Hellemmes, east of Lille.

1/10th (Scottish) Battalion Territorial Forces
04.08.1914 Stationed at Fraser Street, Liverpool, at the outbreak of war as part of the South Lancashire Brigade of the West Lancashire Division, then moved to Edinburgh, and on to Tunbridge Wells.
02.11.1915 Mobilised for war and landed at Havre and transferred to the 9th Brigade of the 3rd Division where they were engaged in various actions on the Western front including;
During 1914
First Battle of Ypres
During 1915
The First Attack on Bellewaarde, The Actions of Hooge, The Second Attack on Bellewaarde.
06.01.1916 Transferred to the 166th Brigade of the 55th Division where they were engaged in various actions on the Western front including; The Battle of Aubers, The Battle of Loos
During 1916
The Battle of Guillemont, The Battle of Ginchy, The Battle of Flers-Courcelette, The Battle of Morval.
During 1917
The Battle of Pilkem Ridge, attack’s in the Spree, Pond and Schuler Farms area, The Battle of Menin Road Ridge, The Third Battles of the Ypres, and Phases of the Cambrai Operations.
During 1918
The Battle of Estaires, The Defence of Givenchy, The Battle of Hazebrouck, The capture of Givenchy craters.
11.11.1918 Ended the war in Belgium, Villers Notre Dame, west of Ath.

7th (Isle of Man) Volunteer Battalion
04.08.1914 Stationed at Douglas, South Lanarkshire, at the outbreak of war attached to the West Lancashire Division.
The only surviving Volunteer Battalion after the Territorial and Reserve Forces Act 1907. This formed a service unit and moved to the 16th King’s Battalion at Hoylake.
Oct 1915 Transferred to 3rd Cheshire at Birkenhead and became the 1st Manx (Service) Company.
12.01.1916 Joined the 2nd Cheshire at Salonika, Greece and became A Company of the Battalion.

2/5th Battalion Territorial Forces
Sept 1914 Formed in Liverpool, then moved to Blackpool in Nov.
Feb 1915 Moved to Canterbury and joined the 171st Brigade of the 57th Division.
July 1916 Moved to Bourley, Aldershot then moved to Woking in Sept.
Feb 1917 Mobilised for war and landed in France where they were engaged in various actions on the Western front including;
During 1917
The Second Battle of Passchendaele.
01.02.1918 disbanded in France personnel moved to 2/6th 2/7th 11th and 12th Battalions.

2/6th Battalion Territorial Forces
10.09.1914 Formed in Liverpool, then moved to Blackpool in Nov.
08.02.1915 Moved to Canterbury and joined the 171st Brigade of the 57th Division.
15.03.1916 Moved to Margate, Kent then Upstreet Camp and Bourley, Aldershot and then to Woking.
14.02.1917 Mobilised for war and landed in Boulogne where they were engaged in various actions on the Western front including;
During 1917
The Second Battle of Passchendaele.
During 1918
The Battle of the Scarpe, The Battle of the Drocourt-Queant Line, The Battle of the Canal du Nord, The Battle of the Cambrai, The occupation of Lille, Final advance in Artois.
11.11.1918 Ended the war in France, Faubourg de Fives, Lille.

2/7th Battalion Territorial Forces
Oct.1914 Formed in Bootle, Merseyside then moved to Blackpool in Nov.
Feb.1915 Moved to Canterbury and joined the 171st Brigade of the 57th Division.
July 1916 Moved to Tweseldown, Aldershot and then on to Woking in Sept.
Feb 1917 Mobilised for war and landed in Boulogne where they were engaged in various actions on the Western front including;
During 1917
The Second Battle of Passchendaele.
During 1918
The Battle of the Scarpe, The Battle of the Drocourt-Queant Line, The Battle of the Canal du Nord, The Battle of the Cambrai, The occupation of Lille, Final advance in Artois.
11.11.1918 Ended the war in France, Faubourg de Fives, Lille.

2/8th (Irish) and 2/9th Battalion Territorial Forces
Oct 1914 Formed in Liverpool then moved to Blackpool in Nov.
Feb 1915 The 2/8th moved to Canterbury and the 2/9th moved to Ashford, Kent and both joined the 171st Brigade of the 57th Division.
July 1916 The 2/8th moved to Tweseldown, Aldershot and the 2/9th moved to Mytchett, Aldershot.
Sept 1916 The 2/8th moved to Woking and the 2/9th moved to Blackdown.
Feb 1917 Mobilised for war and landed in France where they were engaged in various actions on the Western front including;
During 1917
The Second Battle of Passchendaele.
31.01.1918 both absorbed into the 1/8th Battalion in France.

2/10th (Scottish) Battalion
Oct 1914 Formed in Liverpool then moved to Blackpool in Nov.
Feb 1915 Moved to Ashford, Kent and joined the 172nd Brigade of the 57th Division.
July 1916 Moved to Mytchett, Aldershot and then to Blackdown in Sept.
Feb 1917 Mobilised for war and landed in France where they were engaged in various actions on the Western front including;
During 1917
The Second Battle of Passchendaele.
31.04.1918 both absorbed into the 1/10th Battalion in France.


3/5th and 3/6th Battalion Territorial Forces
May 1914 Formed then moved to Blackpool in the autumn and on to Oswestry, Shropshire early 1916.
08.04.1916 Became the 5th and 6th Reserve Battalions.
01.09.1916 Became the 5th Reserve Battalion in the West Lancashire Brigade.

3/7th 3/8th and 3/9th Battalion Territorial Forces
May 1914 Formed in Liverpool then moved to Blackpool in the autumn and on to Oswestry, Shropshire early 1916.
08.04.1916 Became the 10th Reserve Battalions.
01.09.1916 joined the West Lancashire Brigade.

11th (Service) Battalion (Pioneers)
23.08.1914 Formed at Seaforth, Liverpool as part of the First New Army (K1), then moved to Barrosa Barracks, Aldershot and joined the Army Troops 14th Division.
28.11.1914 Moved to Farnham in billets.
11.01.1915 Became the Pioneer Battalion of the 14th Division then moved to Watts Common, Farnborough in March.
30.05.1915 Mobilised for war and landed at Boulogne, where they were engaged in various actions on the Western front including;
During 1915
The Action of Hooge, The Second Attack on Bellewaarde
During 1916
The Battle of Delville Wood, The Battle of Flers-Courcelette.
During 1917
The German retreat to the Hindenburg Line, The First Battle of the Scarpe, The Third Battle of the Scarpe, The Battle of Langemark, The First Battle of Passchendaele, The Second Battle of Passchendaele.
During 1918
The Battle of St Quentin, The Battle of the Avre.
27.04.1918 Due to severe casualties the Division was reduced to cadre at Molingham S.E. of Aire and then moved back to England, Brookwood.
19.06.1918 Absorbed into the 15th Loyal North Lancashire Battalion.

12th (Service) Battalion
Sept 1914 Formed at Seaforth, Liverpool as part of the Second New Army (K2), then moved to Aldershot and joined the Army Troops 20th Division.
Jan 1915 Became the 61st Brigade of the 20th Division then moved to Witley and then Salisbury Plain in Feb.
27.07.1915 Mobilised for war and landed at Boulogne, where they were engaged in various actions on the Western front including;
During 1916
The Battle of Mount Sorrel, The Battle of Delville Wood, The Battle of Guillemont, The Battle of Flers-Courcelette, The Battle of Morval, The Battle of Le Transloy.
During 1917
The German retreat to the Hindenburg Line, The Battle of Langemarck, The Battle of the Menin Road Ridge, The Battle of Polygon Wood, The Cambrai Operations.
During 1918
The Battle of St Quentin, The actions at the Somme crossings, The Battle of Rosieres, The Battle of the Selle, The Battle of Valenciennes, The Battle of the Sambre and the passage of the Grand Honelle.
11.11.1918 Ended the war in France, St Waast-la-Vallee west of Bavai.

13th (Service) Battalion
Oct 1914 Formed at Seaforth, Liverpool as part of the Third New Army (K3), then moved to Salisbury Plain and joined the Army Troops 25th Division, then moved to Bournemouth.
Feb 1915 Became the 76st Brigade of the 25th Division and then moved to Aldershot.
27.09.1915 Mobilised for war and landed at Havre and transferred to the 8th Brigade of the 3rd Division, where they were engaged in various actions on the Western front.
04.04.1916 Transferred to the 9th Brigade of the 3rd Division, where they were engaged in various actions on the Western front;
During 1916
The Actions of the Bluff and St Eloi Craters The Battle of Albert, The Battle of Bazentin, The Battle of Delville Wood, The Battle of the Ancre.
During 1917
The First Battle of the Scarpe, The Second Battle of the Scarpe, The Battle of Arleux, The Third Battle of the Scarpe, The Battle of the Menin Road, The Battle of Polygon Wood, The Battle of Cambrai 1917.
During 1918
The Battle of St Quentin, The Battle of Bapaume, The First Battle of Arras 1918, The Battle of Estaires, The Battle of Hazebrouck, The Battle of Bethune, The Battle of Albert, The Second Battle of Bapaume, The Battle of the Canal du Nord, The Battle of Cambrai 1918, The Battle of the Selle.
11.11.1918 Ended the war in France, Le Grand Sart east of Le Quesnoy.

14th (Service) Battalion
Oct 1914 Formed at Seaforth, Liverpool as part of the Third New Army (K3), then moved to South Downs, Seaforth and joined the 65th Brigade of the 22nd Division then moved to Eastbourne.
April 1915 Moved back to Seaforth and then to Aldershot.
05.09.1915 Mobilised for war and landed at Boulogne.
28.10.1915 Embarked from Marseilles to Salonika, Greece arriving 05.11.1915, and engaged the Bulgarian army in the following actions; The Battle of Horseshoe Hill, The Battle of Machukovo, The Battles of Doiran
11.06.1918 Left 22nd Division and moved back to France via Itea-Taranto.
26.06.1918 Moved to Forges-les-Eaux and joined the 66th Division and were engaged on the Western Front in various actions: The Battle of Cambrai, The Pursuit to the Selle, The Battle of the Selle, The Final Advance in Picardy.
13.08.1918 absorbed by the 18th Battalion of the 199th Brigade in the 66th Division.

15th and 16th (Reserve) Battalion
The 15th formed on Nov 1914 at Formby, Merseyside and the 16th formed on Dec 1914 at Hoylake, Merseyside both as a service Battalion in the Fourth New Army (K4), and joined the 105th Brigade of the original 35th Division.
10.04.1915 Became the 2nd Reserve Battalion.
July 1915 Moved to Kinmel, Conwy Wales and then to Prees Heath, Shropshire and transferred to the 11th Reserve Brigade and absorbed into the Training Reserve Battalions on the 01.09.1916.

17th (Service) Battalion (1st City)
29.08.1914 Raised by Lord Derby in Liverpool.
30.04.1915 Moved to Belton Park, Grantham and joined the 89th Brigade of the 30th Division.
27.08.1915 Taken over by the war office and moved to Larkhill, Wiltshire.
07.11.1915 Mobilised for war and landed at Boulogne, where the Division was engaged in various actions on the Western front;
During 1916
The Battle of Albert, The Battle of the Transloy Ridges.
During 1917
The German retreat to the Hindenburg Line, The First Battle of the Scarpe, The Second Battle of the Scarpe, The Battle of Pilkem Ridge.
During 1918
The Battle of St Quentin, The actions at the Somme Crossings, The Battle of Rosieres, The First Battle of Kemmel Ridge, The Second Battle of Kemmel Ridge, The Battle of the Scherpenberg.
14.05.1918 Reduced to cadre at Buysscheure, N.E. of St. Omer.
30.06.1918 Transferred to the 75th Brigade of the 25th Division and returned to England, Aldershot.
09.09.1918 75th Brigade left the 25th Division and renumbered the 236th Brigade and mobilised for action in North Russia, to support the ‘White’ Government army against the ‘Red’ Bolshevik Army at the beginning of the Russian Civil War.
11.10.1918 Sailed from Glasgow to Murmansk and then Archangel and remained there until Sept 1919 when Allied support was withdrawn.

18th (Service) Battalion (2nd City), 19th (Service) Battalion (3rd City) & 20th (Service) Battalion (4th City)
29.08.1914 Raised by Lord Derby in Liverpool and then Moved to Knowsley Park.
30.04.1915 Moved to Belton Park, Grantham and joined the 89th Brigade of the 30th Division.
27.08.1915 Taken over by the war office and moved to Larkhill, Wiltshire.
Nov 1915 Mobilised for war and landed at Boulogne, (the 18th transferred to the 21st Brigade of the 30th Division), where the Division was engaged in various actions on the Western front;
During 1916
The Battle of Albert, The Battle of the Transloy Ridges.
24.09.1917 16 Officers and 290 other ranks transferred into the 18th Battalion from the 1/1 Lancashire Hussars and became the 18th (Lancashire Hussars Yeomanry) Battalion.
During 1917
The German retreat to the Hindenburg Line, The First Battle of the Scarpe, The Second Battle of the Scarpe, The Battle of Pilkem Ridge.
11.02.1918 the 18th transferred to the 89th Brigade of the 30th Division, where the Division was engaged in various actions on the Western front;
During 1918
The Battle of St Quentin, The actions at the Somme Crossings, The Battle of Rosieres, The First Battle of Kemmel Ridge, The Second Battle of Kemmel Ridge, The Battle of the Scherpenberg.
08.02.1918 20th (Service) Battalion (4th City) disbanded at Chauny east of Noyon.
14.05.1918 the 18th reduced to cadre at Le Paradis, N.E. of St. Omer and the 19th reduced to cadre at Buysscheure, N.E. of St. Omer
19.06.1918 Transferred to the 66th Division and then absorbed into the 14th Battalion of the 199th Brigade and the Division was again engage on the Western Front;
The Battle of Cambrai, The Pursuit to the Selle, The Battle of the Selle and the Final Advance in Picardy.
11.11.1918 Ended the war in Belgium, Vieux Sart, east of Avesnes. This Division was one of those selected to occupy the Rhine bridgeheads. Demobilisation finished at midnight 24-25 March 1919.

21st and 22nd (Reserve) Battalion
Aug 1915 Formed at Knowsley Park, Merseyside to become a local reserve Battalion. Formed from the depot companies of the 17th and 18th Battalions to become the 21st (Reserve) Battalion and the 19th and 20th Battalions to become the 22nd (Reserve) Battalion.
May 1916 Moved to Formby and transferred to the 16th Reserve Brigade.
01.09.1916 Became the 67th and 68th Training Reserve Battalions in the 16th Reserve Brigade.

23rd and 24th (Works) Battalion
May & June 1916 Formed at Prescott.
Mar 1917 Based at Prescott and Hereford.
April 1917 23rd became the 1st Labour Battalion (no record of the 24th may have become the 27th Battalion).

25th Battalion Territorial Forces
1915 Formed with the Home Service personnel of Territorial Forces and became 43rd Provisional Battalion.
01.01.1917 Became the 25th at Sheringham as part of the 223rd Brigade and moved to Sidestrand, Norfolk in July.
07.05.1918 Mobilised for war and landed at Calais as a Garrison Guard Battalion attached to the 59th Division stationed at Estree Cauchie.
16.06.1918 The title of Garrison Guard dropped and transferred to the 176th Brigade of the same Division.
11.11.1918 Ended the war in Belgium, Velaines N.E. of Tournai.

26th Battalion Territorial Forces
1915 Formed with the Home Service personnel of Territorial Forces and became 44th Provisional Battalion.
01.01.1917 Became the 26th at Kelvedon, Essex as part of the 218th Brigade of the 73rd Division.
29.03.1918 Division broken up and the Battalion disbanded.

27th (Home Service) Battalion
27.04.1918 Formed at Sidestrand to replace the 25th Battalion in the 223rd Brigade.

2nd Garrison Battalion
Nov 1915 Formed at Pembroke Dock
Mar 1916 Mobilised for war and moved to Egypt.
Jan 1917 Moved to Salonika, Greece to defend the Lines of Communication.
28.08.1917 Transferred to the 228th Brigade and attached to the 28th Division.
30.09.1918 Moved to Macedonia, Paprit north of Salonika.

51st (Graduated) Battalion
27.10.1917 Formed from the 217th Graduated Battalion (previously the 60th Training Reserve Battalion) in the 195th Brigade of the 65th Division and station in Fermoy, Ireland.
Early 1918 The 65th Division was broken up and the Battalion returned to England were they joined the 203rd Brigade of the 68th Division at Yarmouth.
May 1918 Moved to Benacre Park and then to Herringfleet, Suffolk.

52nd (Graduated) Battalion
27.10.1917 Formed from the 233rd Graduated Battalion (previously the 75th Training Reserve Battalion of the 12th East Lancashire Regiment) in the 205th Brigade of the 68th Division and station in Herringfleet, Suffolk.
Moved to Lowestoft and then to Saxmundham and Henham Park.

53rd (Young Soldier) Battalion
27.10.1917 Formed from the 72nd Young Soldier Battalion of the Training Reserve (previously the 21th Battalion Lancashire Fusiliers) became the 53rd and moved to Kinmel and joined the 14th Reserve Brigade.

King's (Liverpool Regiment) during WW2

Battalions of The Kings (Liverpool Regiment)

1st Battalion
The Battalion took part in the 2nd Chindit Operation in Burma, 1944

2nd Battalion
1944: the Battalion served in Italy

5th Battalion
1944: the Battalion landed in Normandy on D-Day. It was then reconstituted as part of Technical Force and took part in the advance into Germany

8th Battalion
July 1944: the Battalion landed in Normandy on D-Day and was disbanded

13th Battalion
1943: the Battalion part of 77th Indian Infantry Brigade (Chindits) took part in the first Chindit Operation Longcloth in Burma
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Active From: 1881 - 1958

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