Unit History: RAF Oakington
Oakington will always be the spiritual home of 7 Squadron yet the Squadron was based there only from October 1940 to July 1945 but being unique in Bomber Command having been based at the same station throughout its World War II operational career.
Construction of Oakington began in the summer of 1939 - the site, some 5 miles north west of Cambridge, having been selected for an expansion scheme airfield. Operational use started in July 1940 when it was used for 218 Squadron (2 Group), which had recently returned from France, with the first offensive operation in August 1940.
In September 1940 Oakington became part of 3 Group when it was chosen as the base for the first Stirling squadron - 7 Squadron.218 Squadron left Oakington in November 1940 so that 7 Squadron could have more space. Then in November 1940 Spitfires of the recently formed 3 Photo Reconnaissance Unit arrived - however because of the poor surface during the winter months the Spitfires frequently used Alconbury.
Oakington’s grass surface was also the cause of problems for the heavy Stirlings during the winter of 1940/1941 - there were a number of landing and take-off accidents because of the strain put on its undercarriages.
Oakington was first used by 7 Squadron for an offensive mission in February 1941 to attack Rotterdam docks.
But because of the service Oakington was frequently unserviceable with the result that the Stirlings had to fly to Wyton to bomb-up for operations. In the spring of 1941 runway construction began - the main runway 05-23 and 1700 yards long was completed first with 01-19 (1300 yards) and 10-28 (1400 yards) completed over the next twelve months. 05-23 was subsequently lengthened to 2000 yards and 01-19 to 1530 yards.
Subsequent building work included realigning the perimeter track and expanding the domestic accommodation to allow for nearly 2000 personnel.
The Pathfinder Force, which 7 Squadron had joined in August 1942, became No. 8 Group in the January of 1943. Its policy was to have two Squadrons per airfield. At Oakington 7 Squadron, which was being re-equipped with Lancasters to replace the Stirling, was joined by 627 Squadron formed with the Mosquito.
The latter Squadron moved to No. 5 Group in April 1944 being replaced by the newly formed 571 Squadron. With the end of the conflict 7 Squadron moved to Mepal, 571 to Warboys with Oakington now becoming part of Transport Command. During the summer of 1945 it was the base for 86 and 206 Squadrons flying ex-Coastal Command Liberators for long-range troop transport to the Far East.
After these Squadrons were disbanded in April 1946 a series of other transport squadrons occupied Oakington. It was then taken over by Training Command towards the end of 1950. Eventually the Army took the station over as a barracks. The final regiment to occupy the camp was the Royal Anglian Regiment which moved out in 1999.
The runways were removed for hard-core for the construction of the nearby M11 Motorway (although the perimeter track remains).
Related Historic Documents
|Title:||Memorial Register Cambridgeshire 1-111, WW1, Cemeteries and Churchyards in Cambridgeshire and The Isle of Ely|
|Title:||Profile Publications No. 142 The Short Stirling|
|Title:||Memorial Register, United Kingdom 2399-2498, The War Dead of The Commonwealth 1939-1945, Cambridgeshire|
Memories of RAF Oakington
(Memories written by members of Forces Reunited)
RAF Oakington, in 1942
Written by Emden operationDad wrote a book ’Of Stirlings and Stalags:an air-gunner’s tale’ available from Lulu Publishing as a paperback. It’s also available as an ebook from Amazon. Many of his friends from Oakington and then Stalag Luft III are mentioned. He was shot down on 7 June 1942 on a operation to Emden...they were taken down by a Me110 night-fighter piloted by Oblt. Ludwig Becker.
RAF Oakington, in 1954
Written by John HarleyAs a National Service SAC engine mechanic, I well remember being detached to RAF Valley early in 1954, when we carried out the acceptance checks on the three new Vampire T 11 trainers, destined to replace the Meteor 4’s and 7’s at Number 206 AFS at RAF Oakington.
About this time, we had a new Deputy Chief Instructor joining us from Tarrant Rushton. His name was Sqd. Ldr. Peter Tunstall. He became O.C. No 2 Sqdn when Oakington was reformed as Number 5 Flying Training School. Pete had been training pilots on Meteors and had to complete a conversion course for the new T 11’s. I got to know Pete during this time as I was his ground crew for quite a while and we became friendly.
After Pete had completed his conversion and built up a few hours, he took me up for flight during which he let me fly the aircraft and he carried out a ’High Speed Run’, demonstratng the effects of compressibility and the onset of ’cobble stones’ - diving inverted we managed to record 0.89 on the Mach meter. Quite a flight!
I was demobbed a year later, but never forgot Pete and our time together. It was not until June 2009 that I made contact again with Pete - through the Colditz Society. Pete was captured in 1940 after a raid on Leipzig in his Hampden. He was a POW for 5 years ending up in Colditz with Douglas Bader. Pete is still alive at 93 and living in South Africa with his wife Ann. We are in regular contact and keep in touch by letter, e-mail and Skype calls. He is a great friend and still full of life.
Forces Reunited Forum Posts Involving RAF Oakington
"Hi people, my first tour in the RAF was at RAF Oakington from Jan 1971 - until it closed in Mar 1975. I developed an affection for the Varsity aircraft on the unit. It was the aircraft used at the time to teach aircrew how to fly the "heavies", Victor, Vulcan etc. I do not have a photo or print of a Varsity and wonder if any member can assist? Happy to meet any reasonable costs. Many thanks! Last edited by Mike McCourt"
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"I am looking for former friends and colleagues who served with me at RAF Oakington from Jan 1971 to March 1975. Also, colleagues who played with me in the RAF Oakington/RAF Wyton Brass Band. Always remember Bill Downes, lead drummer in the band, last known to be living in Longstanton. Also former friends and colleagues who remember Lynne and myself over the past 37 years. Finally, 317 Apprentice Entry RAF Hereford (Jan - Dec 1970) - anyone out there? Last edited by Mike McCourt Last edited..."
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" Now I have to correct you on that final statement Scouse. I knew him when he was at RAF Oakington. His course used to use the A10 when they were doing low level nav.exs. and wander slightly over the hospital so they could catch us sunbathing in our bikinis!! So I know he had got his wings by the time you wrote that thread! "
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"Quoting: Pamela Forbes Now I have to correct you on that final statement Scouse. I knew him when he was at RAF Oakington. His course used to use the A10 when they were doing low level nav.exs. and wander slightly over the hospital so they could catch us sunbathing in our bikinis!! So I know he had got his wings by the time you wrote that thread! Alright Pamela, I think you are getting mixed up Pontius the Rear Gunner, I think he was out of Oakington flying with the famed XXI..."
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"RAF hereford 1963-65, RAF oakington 1965-66,aden RAF kormaksar 1966-67 nov 30th,RAF catterick 1968-71, RAF wildenwrath 1971-74"
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Active From: 1939 - Present
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